By admin: Feb. 5, 2023

Pakistan's former President Pervez Musharraf passes away

Tags: Person in news International News

Pakistan's former President Pervez Musharraf passes away

Pervez Musharraf, former President of Pakistan, passed away after a prolonged illness on 5 February at a hospital in Dubai. He was 79.

An overview of the news

  • Musharraf was undergoing treatment for a rare disease called amyloidosis, which is caused by a build-up of abnormal proteins called amyloid in organs and tissues.

  • Musharraf was a four-star general who ruled Pakistan for nearly a decade after seizing power in a 1999 coup.

  • Musharraf had been in self-exile in Dubai since March 2016 facing trial for treason for suspending the constitution in 2007.

  • He was declared a proclaimed offender in the former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto assassination case and the Lal Masjid Maulvi murder case.

  • Musharraf rose to power following a military takeover of the government in 1999 and became the tenth President of Pakistan in June 2001.

  • He resigned in August 2008, facing possible impeachment.

  • Musharraf was born in New Delhi in 1943, at the age of four his family moved to Pakistan. His father was employed in the Ministry of External Affairs, while his mother was a teacher.

  • He joined the Pakistan Army in 1961, participated in the Indo-Pakistani Wars of 1965 and 1971, and was promoted to the rank of Four Star General.

  • Musharraf is considered the chief architect of the Kargil War, which took place in 1999, soon after India and Pakistan signed the Lahore Declaration.

  • Musharraf as president came to Agra in 2001 for a peace summit with Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, but talks broke down and a treaty was never signed.

  • He was allowed to visit Dubai in 2016.

Legendary playback singer Vani Jairam passed away

Tags: Person in news

Padma Bhushan awardee legendary playback singer Vani Jairam passed away on February 4.  Vani Jairam was found dead at her residence in Chennai. 

An overview of the news

  • Vani Jayaram has sung in more than a dozen languages including Tamil, Marathi, Telugu, Hindi and Bhojpuri.

  • She was awarded the Padma Bhushan, India's third highest civilian award, ahead of Republic Day this year.

  • Jairam started her singing career in Bollywood and got her first break in the Hindi film Guddi (1971) directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee.

  • The song 'Bole Re Papihara' from this film brought her fame.

  • Born in Vellore, Tamil Nadu to a family of classically trained musicians, Jayaram's career began in 1971.

  • She has lent her voice to playback songs for over a thousand Indian films and recorded over several thousand songs.

  • She won the National Film Award for Best Female Playback Singer thrice.

  • She also won state government awards from the states of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat.

Sri Lanka celebrates 75th Independence Day

Tags: Important Days International News

Sri Lanka celebrated 75 years of Independence on 4 February under the theme Namo Namo Matha – A step towards a century.

An overview of the news

  • The main ceremony of the National Independence Day Celebrations was held at Galle Face Green in Colombo.

  • A special cultural arts festival Lankaralanka was held at Independence square in Colombo. 

  • The Jaffna cultural centre which was built under an Indian grant will also be opened in a few days.

  • India's Union Minister of State for External Affairs V. Muraleedharan participated in the Independence Day celebrations.

  • The Minister held talks with Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe and Sri Lankan Foreign Affairs Minister Ali Sabri and discussed issues of mutual interest.

Sri Lanka Independence Day

  • Known as Ceylon, Sri Lanka was a major economic center for the British Empire, which granted it semi-independent 'dominionship' status in 1948.

  • Sri Lanka became a full-fledged republic on May 22, 1972, and is formally known as the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

  • The first Prime Minister of Sri Lanka was Don Stephen Senanayake, who is regarded as the Father of the Nation.

  • In 1972, William Gopalwa became the first President of Sri Lanka.

  • Independence Day is also celebrated by Sri Lankan expatriate communities in other countries including Australia, Canada, Germany, Singapore and the United States.

36th Inter-University North Zone Youth Festival at Jammu University

Tags: Festivals State News

Union Minister for Information & Broadcasting and Youth Affairs & Sports Anurag Thakur attends valedictory function as Chief Guest of 36th Inter-University North Zone Youth Festival (Antarnaad) at Jammu University.

An overview of the news

  • The festival was organized under the aegis of Association of Indian Universities (AIU) at Zorawar Singh Auditorium, Jammu University.

  • He said India is now the hub of ‘Start-up’ ecosystem in the world, ranking third with 90,000 ‘Start-Ups’, 107 unicorn companies worth 30 billion dollars.

  • 1000 participants from 18 universities across the country participated in the festival.

Competing teams in the festival

  • University of Jammu, 

  • Dev Sanskriti Vishavidhalya Haridwar Uttarakhand, 

  • GADVASU-Ludhiana, 

  • Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology 

  • Doon University Uttarakhand, 

  • University of Kashmir, 

  • Cluster University of Jammu, 

  • Punjabi University Patiala, 

  • CT University Ludhiana, 

  • IK Gujral Punjab Technical University Kapurthala,

  • Himachal Pradesh University Shimla, GNDU Amritsar,

  • Lovely Professional University, Chandigarh University, Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana, 

  • Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University Bathinda 

  • DAV Jalandhar.

World Cancer Day 2023

Tags: Important Days

World Cancer Day is observed every year on 4 February to create awareness about cancer as a public health issue and strengthen action towards improving quality care, screening, early detection and treatment.

An overview of the news

  • The theme for 2023 is 'Close the Care Gap'

  • This theme is about understanding the disparities in cancer care and taking action to make the progress needed to address them.

  • Union Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya has appealed for people's cooperation to strengthen the global fight against cancer.

  • The central government is working to ensure early detection and affordable treatment of cancer through Ayushman Bharat-Health and Wellness Centres, Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana and several other initiatives.

  • So far, a total of 17 crore 44 lakh oral cancer tests, 8 crore 27 lakh breast cancer tests and 5 crore 66 lakh cervical cancer tests have been done at these centres.

Background of the day

  • World Cancer Day originated in the year 2000 at the first World Summit against Cancer which was held in Paris (France).

  • At this summit, many leaders from government agencies and cancer organizations around the world signed the Charter of Paris Against Cancer.

  • It contained a 10-article document that outlined a cooperative global commitment to improving the quality of life for cancer patients and investing in and advancing cancer research, prevention, and treatment.

  • Article X of the Charter formally declared 4 February as World Cancer Day.

What is cancer?

  • Cancer is a disease in which certain cells of the body grow uncontrollably and spread to other parts of the body.

  • Cancer can start in any part of the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells.

  • The disease spreads throughout the body through a process called cell division.

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