By admin: Nov. 7, 2022
According to the Annual report of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) 2021-22 released on 7 November 2022, a total of 821 foreigners were deported by the Foreigners Regional Registration Officers (FRROs) in the year 2021. According to the report most of the deported foreigners belonged to Nigeria (339), followed by Bangladesh (246) and Afghanistan (105).
Visit of Foreigners to India during 2021
According to the report a total of 15, 24,469 foreigners visited India from January 1, 2021, to December 31, 2021.
The maximum number of foreigners who visited India during this period were from the United States of America (4, 29,860) followed by;
- Bangladesh (2,40,554),
- the United Kingdom (1,64,143),
- Canada (80,437),
- Nepal (52,544),
- Afghanistan (36,451),
- Australia (33,864),
- Germany (33,772),
- Portugal (32,064) and
- France (30,374).
These 10 countries accounted for 74.39 per cent of the total arrival of foreigners from January to December 2021 while the rest of the countries accounted for 25.61 per cent of the total incoming traffic of foreigners.
Further, Pakistan nationals above 65 years of age who cross the Attari Immigration Check Post on foot are also granted 'Visa-on-Arrival for 45 days stay with single entry subject to certain conditions.
From April 1, 2021, to December 31, 2021, a total of 2,439 Long Term Visas (LTV) have been granted by MHA for minority communities from three neighbouring countries. This includes Pakistan (2193), Afghanistan (237) and Bangladesh (9).
Union Home Minister: Amit Shah
Tags: Summits Person in news
According to the Ministry of External Affairs press release issued on 7 November 2022 the Vice President of India Jagdeep Dhankhar will visit Cambodia from the 11t-13th of November 2022 to attend the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit and the 17th East Asia Summit. The Vice President will be accompanied by External Affairs Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar.
During his three day official visit, the Vice President will attend the ASEAN-India Commemorative Summit in Phnom Penh on 12th November 2022.
He will also participate in the 17th East Asia Summit on 13th November 2022.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of ASEAN-India relations and is being celebrated as the ASEAN-India Friendship Year.
He will also have bilateral engagements with the Cambodian leadership and leaders from other countries.
India -ASEAN meeting
As per the Look East foreign policy of the Narasimha Rao government in 90s, the government of India focussed on increasing trade and investment with East Asia with special focus on ASEAN.
Evolution of India -ASEAN relationship
India was initially made a sectoral partner by ASEAN in 1992. With the increasing depth in the relationships the status was changed to a Dialogue Partner in 1996.
In 2022 the relationship was further upgraded to Summit level
And finally in 2012 it was elevated to Strategic partnership.
Association of Southeast Asian Nation (ASEAN)
It was set up in 1967 as a group of South-East Asian nations.
At present there are 10 members in the group. They are
Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
The headquarters of ASEAN: Jakarta, Indonesia.
East Asia Summit
The East Asia Summit is a regional forum set up by ASEAN (Association of SouthEast Asian Nations) with Regional powers of the Asia-Pacific region including United States and Russia to further cooperation on strategic and economic cooperation in the region.
The EAS has 18 member countries. It includes all the 10 ASEAN countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) and Australia, China, India, Japan, New Zealand, South Korea, Russia and the US.
Whichever ASEAN country is the chairman of ASEAN hosts the EAS related meeting in its country. Currently Cambodia is the chairman of ASEAN.
Tags: International Relations Person in news
The Indian External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar arrived in the Russian capital Moscow on 7 November 2022. He is on a 2 day (7 and 8 November) official visit to Russia. During his visit he will meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.
Importance of the visit
India and Russia share a very strong political, strategic and defence relationship. Russia is a major supplier of defence equipment to India.
Also India and Russia hold an annual bilateral summit meeting between the Russian President and the Indian Prime minister.
The 21st India- Russia summit meeting was held in New Delhi on December 2021. Vladimir Putin came to India to attend this meeting.
The next 22nd Annual India- Russia Summit meeting will be held in Russia in 2022. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Russia to participate in the summit meeting.
The visit of the External Affairs Minister is seen as preparing the ground for the forthcoming Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Russia.
It is the world’s largest country area wise.
It lies in both Asia and Europe but is considered as a European country.
It has 11 time zones, the highest in the world.
Russia contains Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and Europe’s largest lake, Ladoga. Russia also is home to the world’s deepest lake, Baikal.
Leo Tolstoy, author of the War and Peace book is considered to be the spiritual guru of Gandhiji was a Russian.
Capital: Moscow. It lies on the bank of the Moskva River.
President: Vladimir Putin
According to Forbes' World's Finest Employers rankings 2022, Reliance Industries, the nation's largest corporation by revenues, profits, and market value, is India's best employer and the 20th best company to work for globally. It is ranked above Saudi Aramco, Japanese auto titans Honda and Yamaha, US beverage manufacturer Coca-Cola, and German automaker Mercedes-Benz.
The Global list was dominated by the American companies. Except the South Korean company Samsung, the other four in the top five were American companies.
- Samsung Electronics
The highest ranked Indian company was Reliance Industries limited which has an employee base of around 2, 30, 00 people. There are no other Indian companies in the top 100.
The other ranked Indian companies are;
HDFC Bank is ranked 137th, Bajaj (173rd), Aditya Birla Group (240th), Hero MotoCorp (333rd), Larsen & Toubro (354th), ICICI Bank (365th), HCL Technologies (455th), State Bank of India (499th), Adani Enterprises (547th) and Infosys (668th).
Forbes is an influential American business media company.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)
It is the first company in India to earn $100 billion revenue in a year.
It is in multiple business and its subsidiary companies are as follows:
RIL has set up Reliance Retail Company for its retail business.
The telecom business of the RIL is done through Reliance Jio company
Oil to Chemicals (O2C) business:
RIL has set up the world's largest standalone oil refinery at Jamnagar, Gujarat.
Oil & Gas business
RIL operates gas fields at Krishna Godavari basin in Andhra Pradesh.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)
Reliance Industries Limited was founded by Dhirubhai Ambani in 1973
It is the largest private sector company in India
Chairman: Mukesh Ambani.
Asian Development Bank (ADB) on 7 November 2022 announced that it has sanctioned a $40 million loan to GreenCell Express Pvt Ltd to develop 255 e-buses with women-centric security features for the domestic market.
According to the ADB these buses will serve as many as 50 lakh people every year on 56 routes in India, having security features such as panic buttons connected to command controls for immediate response to enhance safety of passengers, especially women,
Being electric buses, the project will reduce carbon emissions by 14,780 tonnes per year in India.
ADB on Transport sector in India
According to ADB, India's public transport needs are expected to grow rapidly as the country urbanizes.
According to ADB in 2020, the share of the road transport accounted for 87 per cent of all passenger trips, 18 percent of total energy consumption, and 11.7 percent of greenhouse gas emissions.
GEPL is a wholly owned subsidiary of GreenCell Mobility Private Limited (GreenCell) owned by Green Growth Equity Fund (GGEF).
GGEF is an Indian alternative investment fund managed by EverSource Capital which mobilizes institutional capital into green infrastructure.
Asian Development Bank
- It was set up in 1966.
- Its headquarters is at Mandaluyong City, Manila, Philippines
- Total member countries : 68
- President of ADB : Masatsugu Asakawa of Japan
According to the energy cargo tracker Vortexa, Russia has become the largest supplier of crude oil to India in the month of October 2022 replacing Iraq. During the month of October 2022 Russia has supplied 935,556 barrels per day (bpd) of crude oil to India.
One barrel of crude oil is equal to 159 litres of oil.
Russia now supplies almost 22% of India's total crude imports, ahead of Iraq's 20.5 per cent and Saudi Arabia's 16 per cent.
India is the third largest importer of crude oil in the world after China and the United States.
India is the third largest consumer of crude oil after the United States and China.
Reason for Increase in Russian oil imports
Traditionally Iraq, Saudi Arabia, UAE have been a major supplier of oil to India.
However due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2022 western countries imposed sanctions on Russia leading to a sharp increase in international crude oil prices .
India which meets around 83% of its oil requirement from import had to pay a steep price for oil and it also increased inflation in India.
Russia offered its oil to India at a much discounted rates which India happily bought and India has now become the second largest buyer of Russian crude oil after China.
India’s largest private sector company Reliance Industries Ltd (RIL) is set to acquire German retailer METRO AG's Cash & Carry business in India in a deal estimated at around 500 million euros (Rs 4,060 crore).
The deal includes 31 wholesale distribution centers, land banks and other assets owned by METRO Cash & Carry in India.
METRO AG, which operates in 34 countries, entered the Indian market in 2003.
What is a cash and carry business?
Cash and carry business model is a type of wholesale trading where the customer pays in full for the goods it purchases and no credit is extended by the seller to the purchaser. The purchasers are small businesses, kirana stores etc.
METRO also operates in the wholesale B2B(Business to Business) market which includes retailers and kirana stores, hotels, restaurants and caterers , corporates, Small and Medium enterprises, companies and institutions as its customers.
The B2B segment is considered to be a low-margin business and multinationals such as French Carrefour have already exited from the country.
Reliance Retail is the subsidiary company of RIL which operates the retail business of Reliance and is the largest retail company in India. With the purchase of the METRO business Reliance Retail’s presence in the B2B segment will increase.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)
Reliance Industries Limited was founded by Dhirubhai Ambani in 1973.
It is the largest private sector company in India
Chairman: Mukesh Ambani .
Tags: Sports Sports News
Star Indian batter Suryakumar Yadav on 6 November became the first Indian player to score 1,000 T20 International runs in a calendar year.
Suryakumar Yadav scored an unbeaten 61 off 26 balls against Zimbabwe at the Melbourne Cricket Ground and achieved this feat.
In 28 innings this year, Suryakumar has scored 1,026 runs at an average of 44.60.
One century and nine half-centuries have come out of his bat, with the best score of 117 in the year 2022.
He has scored these runs at a strike rate of 186.24.
He is only the second player in T20 International history to score 1,000 runs in a calendar year.
In 2021, Pakistan wicketkeeper-batsman Mohammad Rizwan scored 1,326 runs at an average of 73.66.
Rizwan scored a century and 12 half-centuries in 2021 with a score of 104 (not out).
Tags: Books and Authors
Two books on the achievements and legacy of Prime Minister Narendra Modi were released by Minister of State for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Rajiv Chandrashekhar in Dubai on 6 November, 2022.
The name of the two books are [email protected] : Dreams Meet Delivery" and "Heartfelt: The Legacy of Faith".
These books were released at an event of Vishwa Sadbhavna, NID Foundation (Dubai Chapter) to increase the bonds of brotherhood and solidarity among people in the US, Australia and New Zealand.
More than 300 veterans and distinguished guests of Indian origin were also present on the occasion.
Rajiv Chandrashekhar said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the architect of New India and many areas of India have changed under Modi's leadership in the last eight years.
Tags: Sports Awards Person in news
The International Cricket Council (ICC), on 7 November 2022 announced the winners of the ‘Players of the Month Awards’ for November 2022.
These awards rate the best performances in a particular month from both male and female cricketers across all forms of international cricket.
Male cricketer of the Month
Former Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli was named as the ICC Player of the Month for October 2022.
He beat Sikandar Raza of Zimbabwe's and South Africa's David Miller for the award.
According to the ICC the 33-year-old Kohli batted in only four innings in October but he played out three memorable knocks, including a magical 82* against Pakistan in the T20 World Cup.
Other ICC Awards for Virat Kohli
- Sir Garfield Sobers Trophy (ICC Cricketer of the Year): 2017, 2018
- ICC ODI Player of the Year: 2012, 2017
- ICC Test Team of the Year: 2017 (captain)
- Padma Shri: 2017
- ICC ODI Team of the Year: 2012, 2014, 2016 (captain), 2017 (captain)
- Sir Garfield Sobers award for ICC Male Cricketer of the Decade (2010-2020)
- ICC Men’s ODI Player of the Decade (2010- 2020)
Female cricketer of the Year
Pakistan’s all-rounder Nida Dar has been named as the ICC Women's Player of the Month thanks to her sensational form in the Women's Asia Cup 2022.
India's Jemimah Rodrigues and Deepti Sharma were also nominated for the award alongside Dar.
International Cricket Council (ICC)
It is an international body which governs the men’s and women’s international cricket.
It was founded as the Imperial Cricket Conference in 1909 and was later converted into the International Cricket Conference in 1965.
In 1987 it was renamed as the International Cricket Council.
Members: 106 members.
There are two categories of members in ICC.
Full members: There are 12 full member countries which are qualified to play test matches. They are India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Australia, New Zealand, West Indies, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Ireland and Afghanistan.
Ireland and Afghanistan were granted full membership in 2017.
Associate members: There are 94 Associate members. They are not authorized to play test cricket but they do participate in other tournaments of ICC or at the regional level recognised by ICC.
Headquarters: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Chairman of ICC: Greg Barclay of New Zealand
Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of ICC: Geoff Allardice of Australia
Tags: Important Days
National Cancer Awareness Day is celebrated in India on 7th November, the purpose of this day is to focus on prevention and early detection of cancer.
According to the WHO, about 70% of cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
Cancer is a non-communicable disease and the second leading cause of death globally.
About 1.1 million new cases of cancer are reported every year in India.
Two-thirds of cancer cases are diagnosed in the late stages, reducing the chances of survival for patients.
Several programs have been launched to enhance research on cancer prevention and early detection.
In the case of cancer, the cells of the body grow uncontrollably.
Background of National Cancer Awareness Day
National Cancer Awareness Day is observed on 7 November to commemorate the birth anniversary of Nobel laureate scientist Madame Curie.
Marie Curie, who was born in Warsaw, Poland, in 1867, is known for discovering radium and polonium and for making significant contributions to the fight against cancer.
Her research resulted in the development of nuclear energy and radiotherapy to treat cancer.
Tags: National National News
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 8 November will unveil the logo, theme and website of India’s G20 Presidency via video conferencing.
The logo, theme and website will reflect India's message and the wider priorities for the world.
Guided by Modi's vision, India's foreign policy is evolving to assume a leadership role on the global stage.
Taking an important step in this direction, India will assume the presidency of the G20 from December 1, 2022.
This provides India with a unique opportunity to contribute to the global agenda on important issues of international importance.
During the G20 Presidency, India will hold around 200 meetings in 32 different sectors at multiple locations across India.
The "Group of 20" (G20) is made up of finance ministers and central bank governors from 19 countries and the European Union.
Member countries - Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Republic of Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States of America.
It is a major forum for international economic cooperation.
The G20 plays a strategic role in achieving future global economic growth and prosperity.
Origins of the G-20
In the wake of the 1997 economic crisis, the G7 finance ministers announced the creation of a "Group of 20".
The first official meeting of the G20 was held in Berlin in December 1999.
G-20 leaders have met every year since 2010.
Contribution of G -20
G20 member countries represent more than 80% of world GDP, 75% of international trade and 60% of the world's population.
Presidency of G -20
Its presidency rotates with each member country.
India will hold the Presidency of the G-20, for the first time, from 1st December 2022 to 30 November 2023 culminating in the G-20 Summit in 2023.
Tags: National National News
In a significant judgement on November 7, the Supreme Court validated the 10 per cent quota in colleges and government jobs for the poor or EWS (economically weaker sections) introduced just before the 2019 general elections.
By amending the constitution, the central government had made a provision of 10 percent reservation for the economically weaker sections of the general category.
The 103rd Constitutional Amendment providing for reservation was challenged in the Supreme Court.
A five-judge bench of the Supreme Court upheld the validity of the 103rd Amendment to the Constitution, which provides for 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in admissions and government jobs.
Three judges (Justices Dinesh Maheshwari, Bela Trivedi, and JB Pardiwala) upheld the Constitution Amendment Act and two judges disagreed.
Justice S Ravindra Bhat disagreed, terming the law discriminatory and violation of basic structure.
Chief Justice U U Lalit also concurred with the view of Justice S Ravindra Bhat.
The petitioners had questioned several aspects of the EWS quota, including how it could exceed the national limit of 50 per cent on reservation set by the Supreme Court in 1992 and whether it changed the "basic structure" of the Constitution.
Observation of the court
Justice Trivedi ruled that the EWS quota law is not discriminatory.
Justice Maheshwari observed that the EWS quota law does not violate basic structure or equity, keeping in view the economic parameters.
It does not harm any essential facility by exceeding the 50 per cent limit for the quota as the limit itself is flexible.
103rd Constitution Amendment Act
In the year 2019, Article 15 and Article 16 of the Indian Constitution were amended through the 103rd Constitutional Amendment.
Through the amendment, Article 15 (6) and Article 16 (6) were inserted in the Constitution of India, so that the economically backward people (EWS) of the unreserved class could be provided the benefit of reservation.
The amendment empowered the state governments to provide reservation on the basis of economic backwardness.
Tags: Sports Sports News
Denmark's Holger Rune defeated defending champion Novak Djokovic 3-6, 6-3, 7-5 in a thrilling final of the Paris Masters on 6 November.
Rune took the decisive lead, leaving 35-year-old Serbian Djokovic behind. Rune stopped Djokovic from winning a record 39th Masters title.
The 19-year-old Rune, who is the former junior doubles partner of top-order Carlos Alcaraz, saved six break points in the match.
Rune became the youngest-ever Paris Masters champion since Boris Becker, who at the time was 18 years old, having won in 1986.
Rune's victory also ensured that he would be the first Danish player after nearly 50 years to be ranked in the top 10.
Meanwhile, Briton Neal Skupski and Wesley Koolhof, of the Netherlands, secured the season-ending number one spot in the doubles rankings after winning in Paris.
About Paris Masters
The Paris Masters is an annual tennis tournament for male professional players held in Paris, France.
The event is part of the ATP Tour Masters 1000 on the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) Tour.
It was held at the Stade Pierre de Coubertin until 1982. In 1989 it was upgraded to become one of the Grand Prix Tours (Grand Prix Super Series).
Tags: Sports Sports News
India’s Shiva Thapa secured bronze medal at the Asian Boxing Championships 2022 with a 4-1 victory over South Korea’s Minsu Choi in the 63.5kg category quarter-finals in Amman, Jordan on 6 November, 2022.
The match ended with a 4:1 victory for Thapa, who has now become the most successful male boxer at the Asian Championships, with 6 competition medals to his name.
Thapa, who had won silver in 2017 and 2021 apart from winning bronze in 2015 and 2019, will be up against 2019 gold medallist Bakhodur Usmonov of Tajikistan in the semi-final.
Earlier, Indian boxer Mohammad Hussamuddin entered the semi-finals of the ongoing Asian Boxing Championships in Amman, Jordan, defeating Heungsok Lee of South Korea in the quarterfinals of the 57kg (featherweight) category.
Husamuddin beat his opponent 5-0. With his win, he has ensured India's sixth medal in the championship.
Indian boxer Ananta Chopade suffered a defeat in the quarterfinal clash of the 54 kg (bantamweight) category. He lost the match 0-4.
Earlier, Indian Olympic medalist boxer Lovlina Borgohain advanced to the semifinal of the 75 kg category after a win over Kazakhstan’s Valentina Khalzova quarterfinal bout. She won her match by 3-2 by split decision.
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