4th National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign 2021-22
Union Agriculture and Farmer Welfare Minister Narendra Kumar Tomar virtually addressed the 4th National Conference on Agriculture for Summer Campaign 2021-22 held at New Delhi on 27 January 2022.
The conference mainly focused on Zaid crops and the objective of the Zaid conference was to review and assess the crop performance during the preceding crop seasons and fix crop-wise targets for the summer season in consultation with State Governments.
The Minister said that the area under cultivation of Zaid crops including rice has increased progressively 2.7 times from 29.71 lakh hectares in 2017-18 to 80.46 lakh hectares in 2020-21.
According to the minister,
- the country produced 3086.47 lakh tonnes of food grains during 2020-21 (4th Advance Estimates), which will be an all-time record.
- Pulses and oilseed production has also achieved all-time highs at 257.19 and 361.01 lakh tonnes, respectively.
- Production of cotton is being estimated at 353.84 lakh bales with which India is set to rise to the first position in the world.
Cropping season in India
According to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) there are three agricultural seasons in India
- Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September-October.
- Important crops grown during this season are paddy, maize, jowar, bajra, tur (arhar), moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut and soybean.
- Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June.
- Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
- In between the rabi and the kharif seasons, there is a short season during the summer months known as the Zaid season.
- Some of the crops produced during ‘zaid’ are watermelon, muskmelon, cucumber,vegetables and fodder crops.
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