Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered the Indian Lipstick plant
Tags: Science and Technology
Researchers from the Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered a rare plant after more than a century in Anjou district of Arunachal Pradesh. It is known as 'Indian lipstick plant'.
Scientists had collected some specimens of 'Eschinanthus' from Huiliang and Chipru in Anjou district in December 2021 during flower studies in Arunachal Pradesh.
After review of documents and study of fresh specimens it was confirmed that specimens belong to Aeschynanthus monetaria, which has not been found in India since the year 1912.
This plant was first discovered in Arunachal Pradesh in 1912 by the British botanist Stephen Troyt Dunn.
The discovery was based on plant samples collected from Arunachal Pradesh by another English botanist, Isaac Henry Burkill.
About 'Indian Lipstick Plant'
It is known in botany as 'aeschynanthus monetaria dun'.
The word aeschynanthus is derived from the Greek word aishine or aishine, which means feeling ashamed or embarrassed, while anthos means flower.
Some species under the genus Eschinanthus are called lipstick plants due to the presence of the tubular red corolla.
This plant grows in moist and evergreen forests at a height of 543 to 1134 metres.
The flowering and fruiting time of this plant is between October to January.
The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has placed the lipstick plant species in the 'endangered' category.
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