Chabahar Day conference

Tags: Important Days National News

On July 31, 2022, the Chabahar Day convention was launched in Mumbai by Sarbananda Sonowal (Union Minister of Shipping) and Shripad Naik (Minister of State for Shipping).

Important facts

  • The inaugural ceremony was attended by dignitaries from Kazakhstan, Iran, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.

  • In May 2016, India and Iran signed a bilateral agreement, in which India agreed to renew a berth at Shahid Beheshti port.

  • India also agreed to rebuild a 600-metre long container handling facility at this port.

  • In October 2017, India sent its first consignment of wheat to Afghanistan through Chabahar port.

About Chabahar Port

  • Chabahar Port is located in the Gulf of Oman. It is at a distance of 72 km from Gwadar port in Pakistan. Gwadar Post was developed by China.

  • It serves as the only port in Iran consisting of two separate ports named Shahid Beheshti and Shahid Kalantari, each with 5 berths.

  • It is an important pillar of India's Indo-Pacific vision, in its endeavour to connect Eurasia with the Indian Ocean region.

  • It is a part of the International North South Transport Corridor network connecting India.

  • Iran has given special impetus to enhance trade cooperation activities between India and Iran through Chabahar Port.

Importance of Chabahar Port for India

  • Alternate Route - Chabahar Port provides India with an alternative supply route, thus reducing the importance of Pakistan in relation to trade.

  • Connectivity - In future the Chabahar Project and the North South Transport Corridor will complement each other by optimising Indian connectivity with Russia and Eurasia.

  • Strategic Needs - China is aggressively pursuing its Belt and Road Initiative under the One Belt One Road project.

  • Chabahar port is important for India to enhance connectivity with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries.

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