Global Hunger Index: India at 101st rank.


Why in the news?

  • Global Hunger Index-2021, with a score of 27.5, India has slipped to 101st place in the Global Hunger Index-2021 of 116 countries.  It is also behind its neighboring countries Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal.
  •  In the year 2020, India was ranked 94th out of 107 countries.

What is GHI?

  • GHI is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger at the global, regional, and national levels.
  • Every year, the GHI score of countries is decided on the basis of 4 indicators. These include 

Undernourishment, malnutrition, child growth rate and child mortality.

  •  It was Created in 2006 
  • The GHI was initially published by the US-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and Germany-based Welthungerhilfe. 
  • In 2007, the Irish NGO Concern Worldwide also became a co-publisher of GHI
  • In 2018, IFPRI stepped aside from its involvement in the project and the GHI became a joint project of Welthungerhilfe and Concern Worldwide.

Additional information:

  •  According to the report, neighboring countries such as Nepal (76), Bangladesh (76), Myanmar (71) and Pakistan (92) are also in a worrying position due to hunger, but these countries are in a better position than India.
  • First rank (2021): Belarus. 
  • Last rank (2021): Somalia.

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