India nominates GARBA to be inscribed on UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage list

Tags: National National News

India has nominated the dance form Garba to be inscribed in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List.


  • After including 'Durga Puja' in UNESCO's list of intangible cultural heritage last year, India has now nominated 'Garba' dance for 2022.
  • India was selected by UNESCO in July 2022 to serve on the Specialized Intergovernmental Committee on the 2003 Convention for the Protection of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

  • India received 110 votes from 155 state parties making the selection final.

Garba Dance :

  • It is a type of Indian dance usually performed on festivals and other special occasions in the state of Gujarat, India.

  • Traditionally this nine day Hindu festival is performed during Navratri.

  • It is a dance performed by women around it by filling an earthen pot, called a garbo, with water.

  • A betel nut and silver coin are kept inside the pot, which is called Kumbh. A coconut is placed on top of it.

  • The dancing women move round the pot and a singer and a dholak or tabla player give the music.

  • 'Garba' is born according to a lamp, which is called Garbhadeep, which means the lamp placed inside the pot.

India's 'Intangible Cultural Heritage' recognized by UNESCO :

  • (1) Tradition of Vedic chanting (3) Ramlila, traditional performance of Ramayana (3) Kutiyattam, Sanskrit theatre (4) Ramman, religious festivals and rituals of the Garhwal Himalayas, India (5) Mudiyettu, ritual theatre and dance drama of Kerala (6) Kalbelia Folk Songs and Dances of Rajasthan (7) Chhau Dance (8) Buddhist Chanting of Ladakh: Recitation of Sacred Buddhist Scriptures in the Ladakh Region of the Himalayas, Jammu and Kashmir, India (9) Sankirtana, Traditional Singing, Nagade of Manipur and dance (10) Brass and copper utensils made by Thathers of Punjab (11) Yoga (12) Navroz, (13) Kumbh Mela (14) Durga Puja, Kolkata.

  • UNESCO was established in the year 1945 to develop the "intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind" in the form of lasting peacekeeping.

  • UNESCO officially recognizes sites of cultural and natural importance as World Heritage.

  • India has a total of 40 Tangible Heritage Heritage Sites (31 Cultural, 8 Natural and 1 Mixed) and 14 Intangible Cultural Heritages recognized by UNESCO.

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