India to host UNSC meet on counterterrorism in October

Tags: National News

For the first time, India will host diplomats and officials from all 15 countries of the UN Security Council, including China, Russia and the United States, for a special meeting on terrorism in October.

Important facts

  • India is chairing the meeting of the Anti-Terrorism Committee (CTC) as a member of the UNSC.

  • The meeting will particularly focus on challenges such as terrorism financing, cyber threats and use of drones.

  • India will attempt to highlight cross-border threats from Pakistan and Afghanistan in this meeting to be held two months before India completes its term as an elected member of the UNSC (2021-22).

  • In addition, India is pushing the members of the United Nations to adopt a Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (first proposed in 1996), which is likely to be taken up during the meeting.

Counter-Terrorism Committee of UNSC

  • It was established by Security Council Resolution 1373, which was adopted unanimously on 28 September 2001 in the wake of the 9/11 terror attacks in the US.

  • It includes all permanent and non-permanent members of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC).

  • The committee was tasked with overseeing the implementation of Resolution 1373, which urged countries to implement a number of measures aimed at increasing their legal and institutional capacity to combat terrorist activities both domestically and around the world.

About UNSC

  • It was established in 1945 by the United Nations Charter.

  • It is one of the six major organs of the United Nations.

  • The other 5 organs of the United Nations are - the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the Trusteeship Council, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice and the Secretariat.

  • It has five permanent members - China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, collectively known as the P5. 

  • Any one of them can veto a resolution.

  • Headquarters - New York

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