India's first indigenously built Hydrogen Fuel Cell bus launched in Pune
Union Minister of State, Science and Technology Jitendra Singh on 21 August launched "India's first indigenously developed hydrogen fuel cell bus" in Pune.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- The bus is developed by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and private firm KPIT Limited.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi's 'Hydrogen Vision' is crucial for India to ensure self-reliance.
PM's ‘Hydrogen Vision' means affordable and accessible clean energy, meeting climate change goals, and creating new entrepreneurs and jobs.
The central government is going to start operating hydrogen-powered buses on a pilot basis in the Leh region of Ladakh.
What is a hydrogen fuel cell ?
The hydrogen fuel cell uses hydrogen and atmospheric air to generate electricity, producing only heat and water in the process.
The hydrogen fuel cells on the bus combine hydrogen and oxygen atoms to generate electricity.
The two gases i.e. hydrogen and oxygen react in an electrochemical cell, similar to a conventional battery cell, to produce electricity, water, and a small amount of heat.
This electricity is used by electric motors to propel the vehicle.
Hydrogen fuel cells continue to produce electricity as long as there is a supply of hydrogen.
Like a conventional cell, a fuel cell consists of an anode (negative electrode) and a cathode (positive electrode) around an electrolyte.
Advantages of Hydrogen Fuel Cell :
They produce no tailpipe emissions. They emit only water vapour and warm air.
'Tailpipe' emission standards specify the maximum amount of pollutants allowed in the exhaust gases from an internal combustion engine.
They are more efficient than internal combustion engine vehicles.
It is more practical than battery-powered electric vehicles.
Hydrogen can be refilled in a fuel cell vehicle within minutes.
Hydrogen-powered vehicles provide an excellent means to eliminate road emissions.
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