Japan has described the Kuril Islands as being under Russia’s “illegal occupation”

Tags: Latest International News

Japan recently described the Kuril Islands (which Japan calls the Northern Territory and Russia calls the South Kurils) as an "illegal occupation" of Russia.

  • This is the first time in nearly two decades that Japan has used the phrase in relation to the dispute over the Kuril Islands.

  • About Kuril Islands/ Northern Territories

  • These are a group of four islands located between the Sea of Okhotsk and the Pacific Ocean, north of Hokkaido, Japan's northernmost prefecture.

  • Both Moscow and Tokyo claim sovereignty over it, although the islands have been under Russian control since the end of World War II.

  • The islands were occupied by the Soviet Union at the end of World War II.

  • Tokyo claims that these disputed islands have been part of Japan since the early 19th century.

  • The reason behind the dispute

  • Japan's sovereignty over the islands is confirmed by a number of treaties since 1855.

  • Russia, on the other hand, claims the Yalta Agreement (1945) and the Potsdam Declaration (1945) as proof of its sovereignty.

  • It argues that the 1951 San Francisco Treaty is legal evidence that Japan acknowledged Russian sovereignty over the islands.

  • Under Article 2 of the treaty, Japan had "renounced all rights, entitlements and claims to the Kuril Islands."

  • However, Japan argues that the San Francisco Treaty cannot be used here because the Soviet Union never signed a peace treaty.

  • In fact, Japan and Russia are technically still at war because they haven't signed a peace treaty since World War II.

Please Rate this article, so that we can improve the quality for you -