'Neutral Citation' system to be launched for Supreme Court judgments

Tags: National National News

Chief Justice of India D Y Chandrachud on February 23 announced that the Supreme Court will adopt a “neutral citation system” for its judgments.

An overview of the news

  • The Chief Justice hoped that the High Courts would also follow the neutral citation for their judgements.

  • The Delhi, Kerala and Madras High Courts have already introduced neutral citations.

What is a “citation”?

  • The citation of a case is essentially an identification tag for the decision.

  • Typically, this will include a reference number, the year of the decision, the name of the court that issued the decision, and shorthand for the journal that published the decision.

What is a neutral citation?

  • A neutral citation would mean that the court would provide its own citation, separate from that provided by traditional law reporters.

  • Law reporters are periodicals or annual digests that publish judgments.

Why is implementation of the neutral citation system required?

  • Steps have been taken to introduce and implement a uniform, reliable and secure methodology for identifying and citing Supreme Court judgments.

  • The Court is using machine learning tools to translate its judgments from English to local languages.

  • 2,900 judgments of the Supreme Court have been translated so far.

  • It has also asked district courts to examine machine learning translations of judgments.

  • About 30,000 judgments will have neutral citations.

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