Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plant Being Set Up in Lakshadweep
Tags: State News
National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), is setting up an ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) plant with a capacity of 65 kW at Kavaratti Lakshadweep.
What is an Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) Plant?
OTEC is a process or technology for energy production using the temperature difference (thermal gradient) between sea surface water and deep ocean water.
The energy of the sun heats the surface water of the ocean.
In tropical regions, surface waters can be warmer than deeper waters.
This temperature difference can be used to generate electricity and to desalinate sea water.
In recent times, high electricity costs, growing concerns for global warming, and a political commitment to energy security have made OTEC commercialization economically attractive in tropical island communities where a high percentage of electricity generation is oil-based.
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