Summer Solstice 2022
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June 21 was the day of the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere. People in the Northern Hemisphere celebrate the summer solstice, which is the longest day of the year.
What is the Summer Solstice?
Solstice means ‘the sun is still’ in Latin.
It is a natural phenomenon that occurs twice every year, once in summer and once during winter.
It is the longest day and shortest night of the year in the Northern Hemisphere.
On this day, more energy is received from the sun.
On this day the countries of the Northern Hemisphere are closest to the Sun and the Sun shines upward at the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° North).
The summer solstice marks the beginning of the astronomical summer and occurs when the earth has its maximum tilt towards the sun.
The Earth orbits the Sun at an angle.
For half the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun and, therefore, it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere and winter in the Southern Hemisphere.
During the second half of the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun, thus causing winter in the Northern Hemisphere and summer in the South.
High amount of energy
It is characterised by the high amount of energy received from the sun on this day.
According to NASA, the amount of energy the Earth receives from the Sun on this day is 30% more at the North Pole than at the Equator.
The maximum amount of sunlight received by the northern hemisphere during this time is usually on June 20, 21 or 22.
In contrast, the southern hemisphere receives the most sunlight on December 21, 22 or 23, when the northern hemisphere has the longest nights, or the winter solstice.
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