By admin: Jan. 3, 2022
To boost the income of the farmers in the country, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the PM-KISAN yojana on 24th February, 2019 at Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.
It is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.
What is the aim of the Scheme
The aims of the scheme are as follows:
- to augment the income of the farmers by providing income support to all landholding farmers’ families across the country,
- to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs.
What is the benefit of the scheme
- Under this scheme eligible farmers receive Rs 6000 per year in their bank account from the Government of India in three installments, every 4th month of the year.
- All installments falling due on or after 1st December, 2019 are being paid only on the basis of Aadhaar authenticated bank data of beneficiaries.
Who are eligible for this scheme
- The Scheme initially provided income support to all Small and Marginal Farmers’ families across the country, holding cultivable land upto 2 hectares.
- It was later expanded from 01.06.2019 to cover all farmer families in the country irrespective of the size of their land holdings.
- Here family means husband, wife and their minor childrens.
Who are excluded from this scheme
- All institutional landholders
Farmer families which belongs to one or more of the following categories:
- Former or present holders of constitutional posts.
- Former or present Ministers either at the Center or at the State government , former or present Member of Parliament, former or present Member of State Legislature (MLA or MLC), present or former Mayor of Municipalities, former or present Chairman of District Panchayats.
- Present or retired officers and employees of state/central government as well as PSUs and government autonomous bodies.
- Pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs 10000 or more
- All people who paid income tax last year.
- Professionals like doctors, engineers and lawyers, and architects.
What is the role of the State Government /Union Territories Government
The scheme is hundred percent financed by the Central government but State governments/Union Territories (UT) governments also some responsibilities
The responsibilities of the State governments/Unions Territories governments are as follows:
- They have to identify the eligible beneficiary farmers for the scheme.
- The state governments/UT governments have to notify the local patwari/ revenue officer / Nodal Officer for this scheme where the farmers can get enrolled through their Aadhaar card.
- State governments/UTgovernments have to organises camps periodically for the farmers to facilitate correction of application details.
Where can the farmers register themselves
- The farmers can register themselves at the local patwari / revenue officer / Nodal Officer notified by the State governments/UT governments .
- They can also self register at the pm kisan portal
- They also register themselves at the Common Service Center after payment of a small fee.
- Aadhaar is mandatory for the scheme
Which Ministry administer the scheme
The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare, Government of India administers the PM-KISAN yojana in India .
Classification of farmers in India
The Agriculture census in India has classified farmers in five categories on the basis of land holdings. They are as follows:
- Marginal Farmers: Farmers which owns less than 1 hectare of agricultural lands
- Small Farmers: Farmers who own at least one hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 2 hectares of agricultural land.
- Semi-Medium Farmers: Farmers who own more than 2 hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 4 hectares of agricultural land.
- Medium Farmers: Farmers who own more than 4 hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 10 hectares of agricultural land.
- Large Farmers: Farmers who own more than 10 hectares of agricultural land.
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