Blogs / Editorials:Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Yojana (PM-KISAN)
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Yojana (PM-KISAN)
To boost the income of the farmers in the country, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi launched the PM-KISAN yojana on 24th February, 2019 at Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh.
It is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.
What is the aim of the Scheme
The aims of the scheme are as follows:
to augment the income of the farmers by providing income support to all landholding farmers’ families across the country,
to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs.
What is the benefit of the scheme
Under this scheme eligible farmers receive Rs 6000 per year in their bank account from the Government of India in three installments, every 4th month of the year.
All installments falling due on or after 1st December, 2019 are being paid only on the basis of Aadhaar authenticated bank data of beneficiaries.
Who are eligible for this scheme
The Scheme initially provided income support to all Small and Marginal Farmers’ families across the country, holding cultivable land upto 2 hectares.
It was later expanded from 01.06.2019 to cover all farmer families in the country irrespective of the size of their land holdings.
Here family means husband, wife and their minor childrens.
Who are excluded from this scheme
All institutional landholders
Farmer families which belongs to one or more of the following categories:
Former or present holders of constitutional posts.
Former or present Ministers either at the Center or at the State government , former or present Member of Parliament, former or present Member of State Legislature (MLA or MLC), present or former Mayor of Municipalities, former or present Chairman of District Panchayats.
Present or retired officers and employees of state/central government as well as PSUs and government autonomous bodies.
Pensioners whose monthly pension is Rs 10000 or more
All people who paid income tax last year.
Professionals like doctors, engineers and lawyers, and architects.
What is the role of the State Government /Union Territories Government
The scheme is hundred percent financed by the Central government but State governments/Union Territories (UT) governments also some responsibilities
The responsibilities of the State governments/Unions Territories governments are as follows:
They have to identify the eligible beneficiary farmers for the scheme.
The state governments/UT governments have to notify the local patwari/ revenue officer / Nodal Officer for this scheme where the farmers can get enrolled through their Aadhaar card.
State governments/UTgovernments have to organises camps periodically for the farmers to facilitate correction of application details.
Where can the farmers register themselves
The farmers can register themselves at the local patwari / revenue officer / Nodal Officer notified by the State governments/UT governments .
They can also self register at the pm kisan portal
They also register themselves at the Common Service Center after payment of a small fee.
Aadhaar is mandatory for the scheme
Which Ministry administer the scheme
The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer Welfare, Government of India administers the PM-KISAN yojana in India .
Classification of farmers in India
The Agriculture census in India has classified farmers in five categories on the basis of land holdings. They are as follows:
Marginal Farmers: Farmers which owns less than 1 hectare of agricultural lands
Small Farmers: Farmers who own at least one hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 2 hectares of agricultural land.
Semi-Medium Farmers: Farmers who own more than 2 hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 4 hectares of agricultural land.
Medium Farmers: Farmers who own more than 4 hectare of agricultural lands and maximum up to 10 hectares of agricultural land.
Large Farmers: Farmers who own more than 10 hectares of agricultural land.
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