1. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurates ‘Arogya Manthan’ to mark the anniversary of flagship health scheme of the government
The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated the two days (25-26 September 2022) Arogya Manthan 2022 programme in New Delhi on 25 September 2022.
The Arogya Manthan has been organised by the National Health Authority (NHA) to celebrate the 4 years of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) and 1 year of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).
NHA under the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is the implementing agency of AB PM-JAY and ABDM.
Speaking on the occasion the minister said that presently 4.5 lakh Ayushman cards are being issued per day and the target is to increase it to 10 lakh Ayushman Cards every day. Ayushman card is issued to the beneficiaries of the AB PM-JAY.
Achievements of the AB PM-JAY
The minister released the annual report, National Health Authority 2021. The main points of the report regarding the two health schemes are as follows:
- The scheme is presently being implemented in 33 states and Union Territory;
- Over 19 crore cards have been issued to the individuals till date of which 52 per cent of them were males and 48 per cent females.
- Under the AB PM-JAY scheme, 3.8 crore of patients were admitted in hospitals across the country with 46% of them in public hospitals and 54% in private hospitals. As much as 52% of these patients were males and 48% were females.
Performance of the states in enrolling patients under AB PM-JAY
- Goa, Kerala, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra were the top five states in which empanelled hospitals admitted the highest number of patients as per the AB PM-JAY.
- Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur and Mizoram were the top Northeast/Hilly states.
- Puducherry, Chandigarh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and Ladakh were the top Union Territories.
Performance of the ABDM
The health minister also said that more than 24 crore ABHA (Ayushman Bharat Health Account) has been generated in India.
One crore health records have been linked digitally under the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).
National Health Protection Scheme or Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)
- Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 23rd September, 2018 in Ranchi, Jharkhand.
- It is the largest health assurance scheme in the world which provides a health cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per eligible family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)
- The Prime Minister launched the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) via video conferencing on 27th September 2021.
- It aims to provide a health ID (now called as ABHA) to every citizen that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application.
- The data will be available to doctors, hospitals, health insurance companies so that a seamless health care is provided to the patients.
- It is voluntary and no citizen can be forced to join it.
Chief Executive Officer of National Health Authority : Dr Ram Sewak Sharma
2. Government of India’s flagship programme ’Make In India’ completes 8 years
The flagship program of the Government of India, 'Make in India’ completed 8 years on 25 September 2022. The programme was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 to transform the country into a leading global manufacturing and investment destination.
The initiative is an effort of the government to attract foreign investors to invest in India.
Giving the accomplishment of the Make in India Initiative the Union Commerce Ministry highlighted the following accomplishment of the programme.
- Production Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme across 14 key manufacturing sectors, was launched in 2020-21 as a big boost to Make in India initiative. The PLI Scheme incentivises domestic production in strategic growth sectors where India has comparative advantage.
- Recognising the importance of semiconductors in the world economy, the Government of India has launched a USD 10 billion incentive scheme to build a semiconductor, display, design ecosystem in India.
- The Ministry highlighted that India's export of toys increased to Rs 2601.5 crore in 2021-22 as compared to Rs 1612 crore in 2018-2019, an increase of 61%.
- The Foreign Direct Investment has increased from US $ 45.15 billion in 2014-2015 to record $83.6 billion in 2021-22.
3. Jitendra Singh announces the launch of the “Innovation Roadmap of the Mission Integrated Biorefineries”
Union Minister Dr Jitendra Singh announced the launch of the Innovation Roadmap of the Mission Integrated Biorefineries” developed by co-leads and active inputs from Brazil, Canada, EC and the United Kingdom.
He was speaking at the 1st Roundtable on “Sustainable Bioenergy and Bio-refineries” at the Global Clean Energy Action Forum in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the United States.
Under the Global Clean Energy Action Forum the 7th Mission Innovation and 13th Clean Energy Ministerial -2022 are being held jointly from 21-23 September 2022.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
India’s effort in furthering Biorefineries :
- A bio refinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and value-added chemicals from biomass. Biomass is renewable organic material that comes from plants and animals.
- Dr Singh said that a pilot plant of 10 Tons/day capacity plant with integrated enzyme production is being set up at Panipat Haryana, which will be commissioned by December 2022.This will be the 1st indigenous technology for on-site enzyme production.
- The Minister pointed out that Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) has also planned to supply this indigenous enzyme to a commercial 2G ethanol plant of 100 KL/day expected to be commissioned by 2024.
- He also said that India has established 5 Bioenergy Centers, where an interdisciplinary team is working on advanced sustainable biofuels using modern biotechnology tools.
4. Chhattisgarh government to start ‘Hamar beti Hamar mann’ for women safety in the state
The Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel in a tweet on 23 September 2022, has announced that the government will launch the Hamar beti Hamar Mann’ campaign for the safety of women, especially girls.
The state government will deploy a special women police patrol on girls’ schools, colleges and prominent places where women and girls visit. A mobile number will also be issued for the ‘Hamar Beti-Hamar Maan’ helpline, on which the girls will be able to register their complaints.
The state government has also decided to deploy women prosecutors for the investigation of crimes related to women.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- It was known as southern Kosala in ancient times.
- The modern state of Chhattisgarh was created on 1 November 2000 by splitting Madhya Pradesh.
- The state shares boundaries with 6 states. They are Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand to the north and northeast, Odisha to the east, Telangana to the south, and Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh to the west.
- Governor of Chhattisgarh: Anusuiya Uikey
- Capital : Raipur
- High Court seat : Bilaspur
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
State symbol :
- State Animal : Wild Water Buffalo
- State Bird : Hill Myna
- State Tree : Sal tree
- State Flower : Foxtails Orchid
5. Union Ministry of Food Processing & Agriculture launches Convergence Portal
The Government launched a Joint Convergence Portal for various schemes of the Ministry of Food Processing and Agriculture on 21st September.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- The portal has been jointly launched by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAFW) and the Ministry of Food Processing Industries (MoFPI).
The portal has been launched between the Agriculture Infrastructure Fund (AIF), Pradhan Mantri Micro Food Processing Enterprises (PMFME) Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY).
The portal was launched in the presence of Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar, Union Food Processing Industries Minister Pashupati Kumar Paras and Minister of State for Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Kailash Chaudhary.
This initiative is going to add a new chapter in the life of micro units engaged in food processing.
Agriculture Infrastructure Fund :
It was launched in 2020 as a stimulus package against the Covid-19 crisis.
Its objective is to facilitate medium-long-term debt financing for investment in viable projects for post-harvest infrastructure management and community farm assets.
Pradhan Mantri Micro Food Processing Enterprises (PMFME) Yojana :
The Ministry of Food Processing launched the Centrally Sponsored PMFME Scheme on June 29, 2020.
Its objective is to enhance the competitiveness of existing individual micro enterprises in the unorganized sector of the food processing industry and to promote formalization of the sector.
Under this scheme, financial, technical and commercial assistance is provided for the up-gradation of micro food processing enterprises in the country.
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana :
It is a Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Food Processing Industries.
The objective of the scheme is to create modern infrastructure with efficient supply chain management from farm gate to retail outlet.
6. Union Minister Anurag Thakur launches capacity building training programme
Youth Affairs and Sports Minister Anurag Thakur on 21 September launched a capacity building training programme in New Delhi for 14,000 youth volunteers of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- The aim of this ambitious online training program is to enhance the life skills of young volunteers so that they can contribute effectively to national development.
The content of the training program has been carefully crafted and includes in-depth exercises on communication skills, leadership skills and decision making.
This will help create the world's largest skilled workforce.
Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan :
It was established in 1972.
Its objective is to provide rural youth avenues to take part in the process of nation building as well providing opportunities for the development of their personality and skills.
It is working on various fronts of youth development with various youth programs of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and special programs in coordination and collaboration with other Ministries.
7. SCALE App launched for skill development in leather sector
Union Minister for Education and Skill Development Dharmendra Pradhan launched the SCALE (Skill Certification Assessment for Leather Employees) app at Chennai on 20 September 2022.
He inaugurated the SCALE app while on a visit to the CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute, Chennai.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
The SCALE App
- The app has been developed by the Leather Skill Sector Council. It provides a one-stop solution for the skilling, learning, assessment, and employment needs of the leather industry.
- The app allows people from all age groups interested in leather craft to access online live streamed classes from the state-of-the-art studio of the Leather Skill Sector Council office.
Leather Industry in India :
- India is the second largest producer and consumer of footwear in the world after China.
- The Leather industry in India accounts for around 13% of the world’s leather production.
- The country accounts for 9% of the world’s footwear production.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
The major production centers for leather and leather products in India are located in the states of :
- Tamil Nadu – Chennai, Ambur, Ranipet, Vaniyambadi, Vellore, Pernambut, Trichy, Dindigul and Erode.
- West Bengal – Kolkata.
- Uttar Pradesh – Kanpur, Agra, Noida, Saharanpur
- Maharashtra – Mumbai.
- Punjab – Jalandhar.
- Karnataka – Bangalore.
- Andhra Pradesh – Hyderabad.
- Haryana – Ambala, Gurgaon, Panchkula, Karnal and Faridabad.
- Madhya Pradesh – Dewas.
- Kerala – Calicut and Ernakulam / Cochin.
- Rajasthan - Jaipur.
- Jammu & Kashmir - Srinagar.
- Data Source: Invest India, Ministry of Commerce and Industry
8. Health Minister Dr Mansukh Mandaviya to launch Raktdaan Amrit Mahotsav
The Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will launch Raktdaan Amrit Mahotsav, a countrywide mega drive for voluntary blood donation from 17th September to 1st October this year. 1st October is observed as the National Voluntary Blood Donation Day.
According to the Union Health Minister Dr Mansukh Mandaviya, Government plans to set up a database of eligible voluntary blood donors in the country through the nationwide voluntary blood donation drive.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
Aim of the Raktdaan Amrit Mahotsav :
- According to the Minister the campaign is aimed at increasing awareness about the need for regular non-remunerated voluntary blood donations.
- It would also ensure that different components of blood including packed red cells, plasma and platelets are available, accessible, affordable and safe.
- Along with filling the current capacity of blood banks in the country, the campaign would also help create a repository of blood donors in the country,
- As per the government, in the year 2021, India had 1.25 crore units of blood against the demand of 1.46 crore units. One unit comprises 350 millilitre of blood.
9. Tamilnadu Government to launch ‘SIRPI’ programme in Schools
The Tamil Nadu government will launch SIRPI (Students In Responsible Police Initiative) along the lines of the National Cadet Corps (NCC).
IMPORTANT FACTS -
- The initiative will be launched by the Chief Minister M K Stalin. The Greater Chennai Police is forming SIRPI units. In the first stage, 50 students will be selected from 100 schools.
- According to the Tamil Nadu government, the project is aimed at addressing the issue of juvenile delinquency, driven by factors such as socio-economic status, peer pressure, lack of family support and unemployment.
SIRP: (Students In Responsible Police Initiative).
10. Fisheries sector record all time high production and Export as Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana turns two years old
Tags: Government Schemes
The flagship central government scheme, Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMSSY), focused on sustainable development of the fisheries sector in the country completed 2 years on 10 September 2022.
To commemorate the day, the Union Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, held an event in New Delhi with Parshottam Rupala, Union Minister of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry as Chief Guest.
IMPORTANT FACTS -
Achievement of the Fisheries sector :
- The Ministry released the achievement of the scheme on the occasion.
- The fish production in the country reached an all-time high of Fish production reaching 161.87 lakh tons (provisional) during 2021-22 as compared to 141.64 lakh tons during 2019-20.
- The growth rate of the sector from 2019-20 to 2021-22 was 14.3%.
- The export reached an all-time high of 13.64 lakh tonnes valuing Rs 57,587 crores (USD 7.76 billion) dominated by exports of shrimps.
- India exports fish to 123 countries in the world and it is the 4th largest exporter of fish in the world.
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMSSY) :
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) on 10th September 2020 digitally.
- The main motto of PMMSY is ‘Reform, Perform and Transform’ in the fisheries sector.
- PMMSY is designed to address critical gaps in fish production and productivity, quality, technology, post-harvest infrastructure and management, modernization and strengthening of value chain, traceability, establishing a robust fisheries management framework and fishers’ welfare.
Duration of the scheme :
- It is a five year scheme from 2020-21 to 2024-25. It is being implemented in all the States and Union Territories.
PMMSY aims at :
- enhancing fish production by an additional 70 lakh tonne by 2024-25, increasing fisheries export earnings to Rs.1,00,000 crore by 2024-25,
- doubling of incomes of fishers and fish farmers,
- reducing post-harvest losses from 20-25% to about 10% and
- Generation of additional 55 lakhs direct and indirect gainful employment opportunities in fisheries sector and allied activities.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
Budget allocation :
- The government has allocated Rs 20,500 crores for a period of 5 years (2020-21 to 2024-25).
Points to remember :
- According to the United Nation Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), in 2020, India was the 4th largest fish producing country in the world.
- China was the largest producer followed by Indonesia and Peru.
- India was the 2nd second largest producer of fish in the world through aquaculture.
- The term aquaculture broadly refers to the cultivation of aquatic organisms like fish, plants, algae and other organisms in controlled aquatic environments for any commercial, recreational or public purpose.
- Andhra Pradesh is the largest fish producing state in India.
- Blue revolution: It refers to the increase in the production of aquaculture.
- National Fish Farmer’s Day is celebrated on 10th July every year.