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By admin: June 24, 2022

Announcement to ban single use plastic (SUP) from July 1

Tags: Popular National News

Recently, the central government has prepared a list of single-use plastic items that will be banned from July 1, 2022.

  • The manufacture, import, stocking, distribution, sale and use of notified single-use plastics, including polystyrene and expanded polystyrene, shall be prohibited with effect from July 1, 2022.

  • A gazette notification was issued in 2021 by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change and the ban was announced.

  • Single use plastic

  • Single use plastic refers to plastic items that are used once and are discarded.

  • Single-use plastic products such as plastic bags, straws, coffee bags, soda and water bottles, and plastics used mostly for food packaging.

  • single use plastic parts

  • According to the Minderoo Foundation's 2021 report, single-use plastics account for a third of global production, with 98% being made up of fossil fuels.

  • Single-use plastics are responsible for most of the 130 million metric tons of plastic waste globally in 2019, all of which is burned, landfilled or released directly into the environment.

  • Single use plastic waste generation in india

  • The report found that India is among the top 100 countries producing single-use plastic waste - rank 94 (the top three are Singapore, Australia and Oman).

  • With domestic production of 11.8 million metric tonnes annually and imports of 2.9 MMT, India's net production of single use plastic waste is 5.6 MMT and per capita production is 4 kg.

  • Which items will be banned in India?

  • The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has announced a ban on items like earbuds, candy, balloon sticks and ice cream sticks.

  • Cutlery items including plates, glasses, cups, spoons, knives, forks, trays will also be banned.

  • It has also been reported to ban sweets cans, invitation cards, cigarette packs, PVC banners of less than 100 microns as well as polystyrene for decoration.


  • Plastic ban countries

  • Bangladesh- Bangladesh became the first country to ban thin plastic bags in the year 2002.

  • New Zealand- New Zealand became the latest country to ban plastic bags in July 2019

  • China- China issued a ban on plastic bags with a phased implementation in the year 2020

  • US - Eight states in the US have banned single-use plastic bags, beginning with California in 2014.

By admin: June 24, 2022

India-Nepal India gaurav Tourist Train

Tags: Popular National News

The first India-Nepal Bharat Gaurav tourism train has been flagged off from Delhi's Safdarjung Railway Station.

  • This tourist train will connect India and Nepal for the first time.

  • 500 Indian tourists are on board this train.

  • The Bharat Gaurav Tourist Train between India and Nepal will provide an opportunity to people across the country to visit the country's architectural, historical and cultural sites.

  • The first journey of this train (Ramayana Circuit) covered the religious destination of Janakpur (in Nepal) apart from other popular destinations like Ayodhya, Nandigram, Varanasi, Sitamarhi, Chitrakoot, Prayagraj, Hampi, Panchavati (Nashik), Rameshwaram and Bhadrachalam.

  • Bharat Gaurav Trains is an attempt to showcase the rich spiritual, cultural and historical heritage of India to its people.

  • This unique idea was conceived by the Ministry of Railways.

  • This train will return to Delhi after completing an 18 days journey.

  • It will cover a distance of about 8000 km in the entire Ramayana tour.

  • The theme of Bharat Gaurav Train is 'Dekho Apna Desh'.

  • IRCTC has fixed a fee of Rs 62370/- per person for this 18 days journey.

  • About Bharat Gaurav Scheme

  • In November 2021, Indian Railways introduced Bharat Gaurav trains which will be operated by private operators and will run on theme-based circuits.

  • Through this scheme operators have the “Right of Use” of railway rakes and infrastructure. 

  • Under this scheme, private players and tour operators can buy trains on lease from the Railways and operate them on any circuit of their choice and decide the fares, route and quality of services.

  • Till now, railways used to operate the passenger section and goods section but now the tourism section has also been added under this scheme.

  • The scheme has been developed after extensive discussions with several state governments including Odisha, Rajasthan, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and stakeholders.

  • The first train to be operated between Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) and Shirdi (Maharashtra) by a private operator under the "Bharat Gaurav" scheme was flagged off on June 14.

By admin: June 24, 2022

14th summit of BRICS countries organised

Tags: Popular Summits

The 14th BRICS Summit was held in virtual mode on 23rd June, 2022 which was presided over by the President of China, Xi Jinping.

  • During this meeting, the Heads of State discussed inter-BRICS cooperation in areas such as trade, terrorism, traditional medicine, health, environment, reform of multilateral institutions and combating the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • The summit was attended by Chinese President Xi Jinping, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro.

  • The BRICS grouping has become a forum for all developing countries to discuss and deliberate on issues of common concern.

  • Ahead of the summit, China held several preliminary meetings, including the BRICS Foreign Ministers' Meeting and the National Security Advisors' meeting.

  • The BRICS Summit 2022 was held under the theme “Foster High-Quality BRICS Partnership, Usher in a New Era for Global Development” . 

  • The 13th BRICS summit was held in India in the year 2021 which was presided over by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

  • India hosted the BRICS summit for the third time in 2021 after 2012 and 2016.

  • About BRICS

  • The full form of BRICS is Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.

  • Goldman Sachs economist Jim O'Neill coined the term BRIC (without South Africa) in 2001.

  • He claimed that by 2050, the four BRIC economies would dominate the global economy by 2050.

  • South Africa was included in the list in 2010.

  • The presidency of the Forum is rotated annually among the members.

  • BRICS accounts for about 40% of the world’s population. 

  • It accounts for 30% of the world's GDP (Gross Domestic Product).

  • In the year 2014, during the 6th BRICS Summit in Fortaleza, Brazil, the BRICS leaders signed an agreement to establish a New Development Bank (NDB).

By admin: June 23, 2022

Santhals community in spotlight after NDA named Draupadi Murmu as their Presidential candidate

Tags: Popular National News

The Santhal community is back in the spotlight after the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) named Draupadi Murmu as their Presidential candidate for the upcoming election on July 18.

  • Community leaders termed it the 'Golden Age' for the Santhals in the country.

  • If elected, Draupadi Murmu will become India's first tribal woman president.

  • Who are the Santhals?

  • The Santhals are the third largest scheduled tribe community in India after the Gonds and Bhils.

  • Santhal population is found in Odisha, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

  • Mayurbhanj, the home district of Draupadi Murmu, is one of the districts with the largest concentration of the tribe.

  • In Odisha, apart from Mayurbhanj district, Santhals are found in Keonjhar and Balasore.

  • The literacy rate of this tribe is very high as compared to other tribes of Odisha.

  • Santhal's tribal language is called Santhali, which is written in a script called Ol chiki, developed by Santhal scholar Pandit Raghunath Murmu.

  • Other notable Santhal personalities

  • Hemant Soren, the Chief Minister of Jharkhand belongs to santhal tribes.

  • Girish Chandra Murmu, the first Lieutenant Governor of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir, is now Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

  • Mayurbhanj MP, Biseshwar Tudu, is a Santhal who is the Union Minister for Tribal Affairs and Jal Shakti.

By admin: June 23, 2022

Maharashtra political crisis and anti-defection law

Tags: Popular State News

The anti-defection law has once again come into the limelight after 34 MLAs wrote to the Maharashtra Governor promising their support to Shiv Sena's 'rebel' MLA Eknath Shinde.

  • Some MLAs have formed an alliance with the rebel party leader and are camping in Guwahati.

  • The party has warned its MLAs that their absence from the meeting would lead to speculation that they want to leave the political party.

  • Therefore, action will be taken against them under the Anti-Defection Act.

  • What is the Anti-Defection Law?

  • The Tenth Schedule, popularly known as the Anti-Defection Act, was included in the Constitution via the 52nd Amendment Act, 1985.

  • It lays down provisions for disqualification of elected members on the ground of defection to any other political party.

  • The anti-defection law provides for the disqualification of legislators who, after being elected on a political party ticket, "voluntarily give up their party membership".

  • This law also applies to independent MLAs.

  • But this law does not apply when the number of legislators leaving a political party is two-thirds of the party's strength in the legislature.

  • These MLAs can merge with another party.

  • Rule of two thirds in Maharashtra

  • According to reports, 30 MLAs are with the rebel leader.

  • Shiv Sena has 55 MLAs in the Maharashtra Assembly, if the rebel MLAs want to merge, then two-thirds of the 55 i.e. 37 MLAs will have to go to another party together.

  • If this happens then there will be no constitutional action against those MLAs.

  • But if this does not happen, then action can be taken against these MLAs under the anti-defection law.

By admin: June 22, 2022

The Indian Navy launched 'Operation Sankalp' in the Persian Gulf

Tags: Popular Defence

The Indian Navy has launched 'Operation Sankalp' in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as a measure to ensure the safety of Indian ships.

  • The stealth frigate of the Indian Navy, INS Talwar is presently deployed for Operation Sankalp, the third consecutive year of Indian Navy presence in the Gulf region, with the objective of safeguarding India's maritime interests.

  • Operation Sankalp

  • The Indian Navy had launched Operation Sankalp in the Gulf region on June 19, 2019, following the deteriorating security situation in the region following attacks on merchant ships in the Gulf of Oman.

  • It was started to ensure the safe passage of Indian flag ships passing through the Strait of Hormuz.

  • The operation is carried out in collaboration with stakeholders including the Ministry of External Affairs, the Ministry of Shipping, the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

  • Under this, the Indian Navy is constantly monitoring the situation in the Gulf region. It maintains a presence in the region to ensure the security of maritime trade as well as the security of Indian flag merchant ships.

  • Persian Gulf

  • Also called the Arabian Gulf, it is a shallow marginal sea in the Indian Ocean located between the Arabian Peninsula and southwestern Iran.

  • Its length is about 990 km and its width ranges from a maximum of about 340 km to a minimum of 55 km in the Strait of Hormuz.

  • Gulf of Oman

  • The Gulf of Oman is located in the northwestern part of the Arabian Sea between the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula (Oman) and Iran.

  • It is 560 km long and connects to the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz.

  • It provides the only gateway into the Persian Gulf from the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.

  • It is a shipping route for the oil-producing region around the Persian Gulf.

By admin: June 22, 2022

Summer Solstice 2022

Tags: Popular Important Days

June 21 was the day of the summer solstice in the northern hemisphere. People in the Northern Hemisphere celebrate the summer solstice, which is the longest day of the year.

  • What is the Summer Solstice?

  • Solstice means ‘the sun is still’ in Latin.

  • It is a natural phenomenon that occurs twice every year, once in summer and once during winter.

  • It is the longest day and shortest night of the year in the Northern Hemisphere.

  • On this day, more energy is received from the sun.

  • On this day the countries of the Northern Hemisphere are closest to the Sun and the Sun shines upward at the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° North).

  • The summer solstice marks the beginning of the astronomical summer and occurs when the earth has its maximum tilt towards the sun.

  • The Earth orbits the Sun at an angle. 

  • For half the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the Sun and, therefore, it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere and winter in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • During the second half of the year, the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the Sun, thus causing winter in the Northern Hemisphere and summer in the South.

  • High amount of energy

  • It is characterised by the high amount of energy received from the sun on this day.

  • According to NASA, the amount of energy the Earth receives from the Sun on this day is 30% more at the North Pole than at the Equator.

  • The maximum amount of sunlight received by the northern hemisphere during this time is usually on June 20, 21 or 22.

  • In contrast, the southern hemisphere receives the most sunlight on December 21, 22 or 23, when the northern hemisphere has the longest nights, or the winter solstice.

By admin: June 22, 2022

26th Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit - 2022

Tags: Popular International News

26th Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit 2022 organised on 20-25 June 2022, in Kigali, Rwanda.

  • External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar attended the meeting.

  • The meeting had been postponed twice due to Covid-19 pandemic.

  • During the meeting, leaders of Commonwealth member states will deliberate on global challenges such as climate change, food security and health.

  • Theme of the summit - Delivering a Common Future - Connecting, Innovating, Transforming.  

  • About Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM)

  • It brings together delegations from 54 countries in Africa, the Caribbean, the Americas, Europe, Asia and the Pacific.

  • It aims to strengthen multilateral cooperation, explore new opportunities and tackle common challenges for the betterment of future generations.

  • It is hosted alternately by different member countries.

  • This meeting has been held Since 1971.

  • Members of the Commonwealth of Nations

  • The head of the Commonwealth is the Queen of Great Britain Elizabeth II.

  • He received this title as a result of elections following the resignation of his father. 

  • The title of head cannot be inherited, so the new head of the Commonwealth of Nations is elected by voting at each meeting.

  • The Commonwealth comprises 54 countries of the world in all 6 continents.

  • The members have a total population of 2.1 billion, which is about a third of the world's population.

  • Of its total population, 1.17 billion live in India.

  • After India, the next largest Commonwealth countries by population are Pakistan (176 million), Bangladesh (156 million), Nigeria (149 million).

  • The land area of the Commonwealth of Nations accounts for about 21% of the total world land area.

  • The largest Commonwealth nations by area are Canada, Australia and India. 

By admin: June 20, 2022

Government clears the appointment of new chief justices in 5 high courts

Tags: Popular National News

The government has approved the appointment of new Chief Justices in five High Courts.

  • The Ministry of Law and Justice has released the notification for the appointment of Chief Justices of the High Courts of Uttarakhand, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Guwahati.

  • Uttarakhand High Court - Justice Vipin Sanghi of the Delhi High Court will be appointed as the Chief Justice of the Uttarakhand High Court.

  • Gauhati High Court - Gujarat High Court judge Rashmin Manharbhai Chhaya has been appointed Gauhati Chief Justice. 

  • Telangana High Court - Telangana High Court judge Ujjal Bhuyan has been appointed Chief Justice of the Telangana High Court.

  • Himachal Pradesh High Court - Bombay High Court Chief Justice AA Sayed has been appointed Himachal Pradesh High Court Chief Justice.

  • Rajasthan High Court - Bombay High Court Justice SS Shinde has been appointed Rajasthan High Court Chief Justice.

  • Judicial vacancies

  • As of June 1, the number of judicial vacancies in high courts remains at 400, while the number of serving judges is 708.

  • The sanctioned strength of judges in 25 High Courts is 1,108.

  • Important facts about High Courts

  • Number of High Courts in India - 25

  • Newest High Court of India - Andhra Pradesh High Court established on 1st January 2019. 

  • The High Court is the highest court in a state in India. 

  • Article 217 of the Constitution states that the Judge of a High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the State.

  • There is a High Court for Haryana, Punjab and the Union Territory of Chandigarh.

  • There is only one High Court for the northeastern states.

  • The first High Court in India is the Calcutta High Court, it was established in 1862.

  • The Gauhati High Court has the largest number of benches in India.

By admin: June 16, 2022

India's first Display Fabrication Unit in Hyderabad

Tags: Popular National News

Recently Telangana Government has signed an MoU with Bengaluru based Elest to set up India's first Display Fabrication Unit in Hyderabad.

  • This display fabrication unit will be set up with an investment of Rs 24,000 crore.

  • It will be set up under the India Semiconductor Mission program of the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology.

  • The Generation 6 AMOLED Displays FAB will be set up in Hyderabad to manufacture next generation displays for tablet computers, smartphones and laptops.

  • Importance of Display Fab

  • Setting up Display Fab in Telangana will put India on the global map along with countries like the US, China and Japan.

  • Having a display fab in Telangana will give a boost to the electronics and IT ecosystem in the state and its subsidiaries.

  • Ever since the Bharat Semiconductor Mission has been announced, the Telangana government is working on a mission mode to set up the fabs in the state.

  • Semiconductor mission

  • ISM was launched in 2021 under the aegis of Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) with an outlay of Rs 76,000 crore.

  • The scheme is a part of a comprehensive program for the development of the semiconductor and display ecosystem in India.

  • It was launched with the aim of providing financial assistance to companies investing in semiconductors, design ecosystem and display manufacturing.

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