Current Affairs search results for tag: international-relations
By admin: Nov. 25, 2022

1. India and Gulf Cooperation Council to resume FTA talks

Tags: International Relations Economics/Business

resume FTA talks

India's Industry and Trade Minister Piyush Goyal said on 24 November that India and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have agreed to resume talks on a free trade agreement.

Important facts

  • Both sides have agreed to expedite the necessary legal and technical requirements for the formal resumption of FTA negotiations.

  • The FTA will be a comprehensive economic partnership that will cover different aspects of trade. 

  • Goyal said the GCC is currently India's largest trading partner bloc with bilateral trade expected to exceed USD 154 billion in the financial year 2021-22.

  • bilateral trade in services between India and the GCC was worth 14 billion US dollars in the last financial year.

  • GCC countries contribute almost 35 per cent of the country's oil imports and 70 per cent of gas imports.

About Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) :

  • It is a political and economic alliance of six Middle Eastern countries—Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, and Oman.

  • It was established in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, in May 1981. 

  • Its aim is to achieve coordination, cooperation and integration and Arab regional unity among these countries.

  • The GCC member states have a total GDP of over USD 3.464 trillion and a total population of 54 million.


By admin: Nov. 18, 2022

2. Army Chief General Manoj Pandey received guard of honour at Les Invalides in Paris

Tags: International Relations Defence International News

Army Chief General Manoj Pandey received

Army Chief General Manoj Pande who is on a four-day visit to France, received a Guard of Honour at the Les Invalides in Paris on 17 November, 2022.

Important facts

  • General Manoj Pande held talks with his French counterpart General Pierre Schille and discussed issues of mutual interest during his visit to the European country.

  • The Chief of Army Staff is on a visit to France from 14 to 17 November.

  • Gen Pande left for France on November 14 on a four-day visit with an aim to further strengthen the "bond of trust" between the Indian and French armies amid the rapidly evolving security matrix and geopolitical situation.

  • General Pande held extensive talks with the top military brass of France including the Chief of the Defence Staff, the Chief of the Army Staff and the Commander of the Land Combat Forces. 

About France

  • France is located on the western edge of Europe

  • Prime minister: Élisabeth Borne

  • President: Emmanuel Macron

  • Capital: Paris

  • Currency: euro


By admin: Nov. 18, 2022

3. India, Australia convene fifth bilateral Cyber Policy Dialogue in New Delhi

Tags: International Relations International News

Australia-India Cyber and Critical Technology Partnership.

India and Australia held their fifth bilateral cyber policy dialogue on November 17, 2022 in New Delhi.

Important facts

  • The Cyber Policy Dialogue was held under the aegis of the India-Australia Framework on Cyber and Cyber-Enabled Critical Technology Cooperation and Action Plan 2020-2025 for Comprehensive and Deepening Cyber Cooperation.

  • The dialogue was co-chaired by Joint Secretary (Cyber Diplomacy Division) Muanpuii Saiawi from the Ministry of External Affairs.

  • The Indian delegation consisted of senior officials from the National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS), the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), the Ministry of Electronics and Information technology (MEITY), the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) and CERT-In.

  • The Australian delegation included senior officials from the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, the Department of Home Affairs, the Department of Industry, Science and Resources and the Australian Federal Police.

  • Both sides agreed to explore opportunities for collaboration with the private sector and academia, including the Australia-India Cyber and Critical Technology Partnership.

  • In addition, India and Australia will jointly organise a Cyber Bootcamp and Cyber and Tech Policy Exchange in collaboration with Indo-Pacific partners and the 6th India-Australia Cyber Policy Dialogue will be held in 2023.

Agenda of Dialogue

  • The Cyber Policy Dialogue provides a bilateral forum to discuss high-profile issues of mutual interest.

  • It discussed strategic priorities, cyber threat assessment, capacity building for next generation telecommunications (including 5G technology) and cooperation in the Indo-Pacific region, and the latest developments in cyber at the United Nations.

About Australia

  • Prime Minister: Anthony Albanese

  • Governor-General: David Hurley

  • Capital: Canberra

  • Currency: Australian dollar


By admin: Nov. 16, 2022

4. Britain approves three thousand work visas for young Indian professionals

Tags: International Relations International News

Britain approves three thousand work visas

On November 16, 2022, the United Kingdom government approved three thousand visas for young professionals from India to work in the country every year.

Important facts

  • This visa is done under the UK-India Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement which was signed in 2021.

  • India is the first country to benefit from such a scheme.

  • The UK government has approved the UK-India Young Professionals Scheme which offers 3,000 visas to Indian graduates aged 18-30 years to live and work in the UK for up to two years.

  • The announcement was made hours after British Prime Minister Rishi Sunak met Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the sidelines of the 17th edition of the G20 Summit in Bali.

UK-India Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement 

  • The Union Cabinet approved the signing of Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Migration and Mobility Partnership in 2021 between India and the United Kingdom.

  • The objective of the agreement is to liberalize the issuance of visas promoting the mobility of students, researchers and skilled professionals and to strengthen cooperation between the two sides on issues related to irregular migration and human trafficking.

About United Kingdom

  • It is an island country located off the northwestern coast of mainland Europe. 

  • Prime Minister - Rishi Sunak

  • Capital - London

  • Currency - British pound

  • Head of State - King Charles III


By admin: Nov. 12, 2022

5. India, Cambodia sign 4 MOUs in the areas of culture, wildlife & health

Tags: International Relations International News

India, Cambodia sign 4 MOUs

On November 12 India and Cambodia signed 4 MoUs in areas of health, technology, biodiversity conservation and preservation of ancient buildings.

Important facts 

  • Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar holds a bilateral meeting with Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen on the sidelines of the ongoing ASEAN Summit in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on November 12.

  • The two had extensive discussions on bilateral relations including human resources, mining and development projects.

  • Cambodia also stressed on enhancing cooperation on mine clearance to help Cambodia reach the goal of "a mine-free Cambodia by 2025".

Four memorandum of understanding (MoU)

  • MoU between the Institute of Technology of Cambodia and the Indian Institute of Technology, Jodhpur for digitalisation of Cambodian heritage sites.

  • MoU regarding reintroduction of tigers in Cambodia between the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, India and Ministry of Environment, Cambodia for Cooperation in Biodiversity Conservation and Sustainable Wildlife Management.

  • MoU between the Ministry of Health and the Indian Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on cooperation in the fields of health and medicine. 

  • MoU on Financing Agreement on the Preservation of Wat Raja Bo Pagoda Paintings in Siem Reap, Cambodia.


By admin: Nov. 10, 2022

6. S Jaishankar holds bilateral talks with Foreign Minister of Belarus, Vladimir Makei

Tags: International Relations International News

S Jaishankar holds bilateral talks with Foreign Minister of Belarus, Vladimir Makei

External Affairs Minister Dr. S Jaishankar held bilateral talks with his Belarus counterpart Vladimir Makei in New Delhi on 9 November, 2022.

Important facts

  • The Foreign Minister of Belarus, Vladimir Makei arrives in New Delhi on November 9, 2022 for a two-day visit to India.

  • Both leaders held talks on a range of issues including bilateral economic ties, Ukraine conflict and multilateral cooperation.

India - Belarus Relations

  • India’s relations with Belarus have been traditionally warm and cordial.

  • India was one of the first countries to recognize Belarus as an independent country in 1991.

  • After formal diplomatic relations were established, the Indian diplomatic mission was opened in Minsk in 1992 and Belarus opened its mission in New Delhi in 1998.

  • Cooperation between the two countries is reflected in several multilateral fora such as the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG).

  • Belarus helped consolidate India's candidature for a temporary seat at the UNSC in July 2020.

  • India has supported Belarus in various international fora such as membership of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and other international and multilateral groups such as the IPU (Inter-Parliamentary Union).

  • The two countries have established mechanisms for the exchange of views on bilateral, regional and multilateral issues through the Foreign Office Consultations (FOC), the Intergovernmental Commission (IGC), and the Joint Commission on Military Technical Cooperation.

  • The two countries signed several MoUs on various subjects including defence and technical cooperation, trade and economic cooperation, culture, education, media and sports, tourism, science and technology, agriculture, textiles, avoidance of double taxation, promotion of investment.

  • In the economic sphere, the annual bilateral trade turnover in 2019 is USD 569.6 million.

About Belarus

  • President - Alexander Lukashenko 

  • Prime Minister - Roman Golovchenko

  • Capital - Minsk

  • Currency - Belarusian ruble


By admin: Nov. 7, 2022

7. Indian Foreign minister S.Jaishankar visits Moscow to strengthen bilateral relations with Russia

Tags: International Relations Person in news

S.Jaishankar visits Moscow to strengthen bilateral relations with Russia

The Indian External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar arrived in the Russian capital Moscow on 7 November 2022. He is on a 2 day (7 and 8 November) official visit to Russia. During his visit he will meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov.

Importance of the visit 

India and Russia share a very strong political, strategic and defence relationship. Russia is a major supplier of defence equipment to India.

Also India and Russia hold an annual bilateral summit meeting between the Russian President and the Indian Prime minister. 

The 21st India- Russia summit meeting was held in New Delhi on December 2021. Vladimir Putin came to India to attend this meeting.

The next 22nd Annual India- Russia Summit meeting will be held in Russia in 2022. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Russia to participate in the summit meeting.

The visit of the External Affairs Minister is seen as preparing the ground for the forthcoming Prime Minister Modi’s visit to Russia.

Russian Federation  

It is the world’s largest country area wise.

It lies in both Asia and Europe but is considered as a European country.

It has 11 time zones, the highest in the world.

Russia contains Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and Europe’s largest lake, Ladoga. Russia also is home to the world’s deepest lake, Baikal.

Leo Tolstoy, author of the War and Peace book is considered to be the spiritual guru of Gandhiji was a Russian.

Capital: Moscow. It lies on the bank of the Moskva River.

Currency: Ruble

President: Vladimir Putin 


By admin: Oct. 30, 2022

8. Russia suspends UN backed Black sea grain deal with Ukraine

Tags: Russia-Ukraine International Relations

Russia suspends

Russia on 29 October 2022 announced that it was suspending participation in the United Nations and Turkiye brokered black sea grain deal. The Russian move has been condemned by the United States President Joe Biden saying it will increase starvation in the world.

More than 9 million tonnes of corn, wheat, sunflower products, barley, rapeseed and soya have been exported under the deal, signed on 22July 2022.

Why Russian pulled out of the deal 

According to the Russian Defence ministry, Ukraine attacked the Russian Black Sea Fleet near Sevastopol on the Russian-annexed Crimean peninsula with 16 drones early on 29 October 2022, and that British navy "specialists" had helped coordinate the "terrorist" attack. It also accused British navy personnel of blowing up the Nord Stream gas pipelines last month.

It said that Russia is no longer able to guarantee the safety of the civilian ship under the agreement. 

Black Sea grain deal  

  • President Vladimir Putin ordered Russia's invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022 in an offensive he said was aimed at “demilitarising” and "denazifying" Ukraine. The Russian Naval fleet later  blockaded the Black sea port of Ukraine which was a major grain shipment port for Ukraine.
  • The blockade halted the shipment of grains from one of the biggest exporters of grains in the world where 5 million tonnes of grains used to be shipped per month. 
  • This precipitated a sharp increase in food prices across the world, sparking fear of famine in parts of Africa.
  • Ukraine, Russia, Turkiye and the United Nation signed an agreement on 22 July 2022 in Istanbul ,Turkiye to unblock Ukraine’s Black Sea grain exports.
  • When the agreement was signed, the U.N. World Food Programme said some 47 million people had moved into "acute hunger" as the war halted Ukrainian shipments. 
  • The agreement which is set to expire on 19 November 2022 established a safe corridor for the Ukrainian grain ships and Russia guaranteed the safety of the civilian ship.


 

By admin: Oct. 21, 2022

9. China’s total trade surplus with India ‘surpasses $1 trillion’

Tags: Economy/Finance International Relations

Since the boom in bilateral trade in the early 2000s, China has taken advantage of a favourable trade balance with India that now exceeds $1 trillion.

India-China bilateral trade

  • Bilateral annual trade between India and China crossed $100 billion for the first time in 2021 to reach $125.6 billion, of which India's imports were $97.5 billion.

Important facts

  • Trade ties between both countries began to boom in the early 2000s.

  • This was largely driven by the import of Chinese machinery and other equipment by India.

  • It increased from $3 billion in 2000 to $42 billion in 2008 and China became India's largest trading partner in 2008.

  • One-third of the machinery and about two-fifths of organic chemicals that India buys from the world come from China.

  • Automotive parts and fertilizers are other items where China accounts for more than 25 per cent of India's imports.

  • India procures nearly 90 percent of the parts for some mobile phones from China.

India’s export to China

  • China is also a major partner of India in terms of export market.

  • China is the third largest destination for Indian shipments.

  • According to the Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO), India's share in China's total exports is only a little over two per cent.

By admin: Oct. 10, 2022

10. S Jaishankar inaugurates new Indian High Commission Chancery at Wellington in New Zealand

Tags: International Relations International News

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar on 9 October inaugurated the new Indian High Commission Chancery in Wellington, New Zealand.

Important facts

  • He said that coordinating each other's potentials is a more prudent way to further deepen the vital ties between India and New Zealand.

  • S. Jaishankar, who is on his first visit to New Zealand as External Affairs Minister, also said that there is a need to take the ties between the two countries afresh.

  • He also said that there is massive potential for partnership between India and New Zealand in the field of agri-business.

  • Strong cooperation between India and New Zealand will ensure peace, prosperity and progress in the shared region, he said.

  • There is huge potential in business, digital, agriculture, education, skills, traditional medicine and maritime security domains, he said.

About New Zealand

  • It is a remote, mountainous group of islands located off the southeast coast of Australia. 

  • Prime Minister - Jacinda Ardern

  • Capital - Wellington

  • Currency - New Zealand dollar

  • New Zealand was the first country to allow women to vote in 1893.

  • New Zealand's wetapunga is one of the heaviest insects in the world.

  • Major rivers - Waikato, Clurtha, Rangitaiki, Wanganui, Manawatu, Buller, Rakaia, Waitaki, Waiau

  • Major Mountain Ranges - Southern Alps, Kaikoura Ranges

  • New Zealand's two main islands - North and South Islands, are separated by the Cook Strait.