Current Affairs search results for tag: important-days
By admin: March 24, 2023

1. World Tuberculosis Day

Tags: Important Days

World Tuberculosis Day

World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on 24 March to raise awareness about tuberculosis and encourage timely action to combat the global TB epidemic.

An overview of the news

  • The theme of the year 2023 is - "Yes! We can end TB!".

  • It aims to urge leaders from around the world to act to stop the TB epidemic. 

  • The theme emphasizes the importance of increased funding, rapid action, multi-sectoral collaboration, rapid adoption of new WHO guidelines, and adoption of innovation to eliminate tuberculosis.

What is Tuberculosis (TB)?

  • It is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

  • The bacteria generally attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body, such as the kidneys, spine, and brain.

  • Tuberculosis infections began increasing in 1985 because of the emergence of HIV.

  • HIV weakens a person's immune system, so it can't fight the TB germs.


  • Its bacteria spread from person to person through the air.

  • When people with pulmonary (Lung) TB cough, sneeze or spit, they spread TB germs into the air.

Symptoms of TB

  • Cough for three or more weeks

  • Coughing up bloody sputum

  • Chest pain, pain with breathing and coughing

  • Weight loss, Fatigue, Fever and Night sweats etc.

Government Initiatives to Combat TB

  • National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Tuberculosis (TB) Elimination (2017-2025)

  • Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY- financial support)

  • TB Harega Desh Jeetega Campaign

  • Universal Immunisation Programme

  • The government of India aims to have a TB-free India by 2025.

  • Revised National TB Control Program under National Health Mission

  • Ending the TB epidemic by 2030 under United Nations SDG target 3.3.

  • Every year World TB Day is celebrated on 24 March.

  • TB Burden
    Every year one crore people fall ill with TB and 1.5 million people die from TB every year.

  • About half of all people with TB are found in eight countries – Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and South Africa.

  • It is one of the top 10 leading causes of death worldwide.

  • India accounts for 30 percent of the world's TB cases, the highest in the world, followed by Indonesia and China.

By admin: March 23, 2023

2. World Meteorological Day-2023

Tags: Important Days

World Meteorological Day is observed every year on March 23 to commemorate the formal establishment of the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in 1950.

An overview of the news

  • The day symbolizes how human behavior and the planet's climate are intertwined.

  • "The day highlights the essential role played by the 'National Meteorological and Hydrological Service' (NMHS) in the safety and well-being of society".

  • The day highlights past achievements, present progress and future potential from the late 19th century. 

  • The Theme for WMD 2023 is 'The Future of Weather, Climate and Water across Generations.' 

  • This theme emphasizes the effects of climate change and actions to protect the environment for future generations.

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

  • It was founded in 1873 by the International Meteorological Organization. 

  • Headquarter - Geneva, Switzerland

  • On March 23, 1950, the World Meteorological Organization became a specialized organization of the United Nations.

  • This organization uses the latest information on meteorology, climatology, hydrology and related geophysical research to contribute to the safety and welfare of society.

By admin: March 22, 2023

3. World Water Day 2023

Tags: Important Days

World Water day is celebrated every year on 22 March  as a means of focusing attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.

An overview of the news

  • A core focus of World Water Day is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.

  • The  water day celebration started in 1993 after the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution in 1992.

  • According to the United Nations, currently, one in four people lack access to safe drinking water.

  • About 1.4 million people die annually from diseases related to poor water and sanitation.

  • According to the United Nations "Billions of people and countless schools, businesses, health centers, farms and factories do not have the safe water and toilets they need.

  • The United Nations 2023 Water Conference is being held from March 22-24 in New York, United States of America.

  • The theme for World Water Day 2023 is 'Accelerating Change to Solve Water and Sanitation Crises'.

  • The theme emphasizes the need to take strong action to address the global water crisis.

Background of the day

  • The resolution to celebrate World Water Day was first adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 22 December 1992, after which March 22 was declared as World Water Day and is celebrated worldwide since then.

  • Thefirst World Water Day was celebrated in the year 1993.

By admin: March 22, 2023

4. Bihar State foundation day

Tags: State News Important Days

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has greeted the people of Bihar on 22nd March, Bihar State Foundation Day.

An overview of the news

  • This is the 111th Foundation Day of the state.

  • Bihar Diwas is celebrated every year on 22 March to commemorate the separation of Bihar from Bengal.

  • The tradition of celebrating Bihar Day was first started in the year 2010 under the guidance of Chief Minister Nitish Kumar and since then it is celebrated with great pride.

  • Theme of 2023 Bihar Diwas is “ Yuva Shakti ki Pragati”.

  • The day holds immense significance as it provides an opportunity to celebrate therich cultural heritage and history of Bihar.

  • It is also a time to reflect on the achievements and challenges of the state and plan for its future development.

  • The state of Bihar was carved out from the Bengal presidency on March 22 in 1912.

By admin: March 21, 2023

5. World Poetry Day: 21 March

Tags: Important Days

World Poetry Day is observed across the world on 21 March each year to honour the expression of language through poetry, which unites people through shared humanity and values.

The theme for World Poetry Day 2023 is "Always be a poet, even in prose."

An Overview of the News

  • The day promotes reading, writing, and teaching poetry, as well as other forms of expression like music, dance, and painting.

  • Poetry is such a medium of expression that evokes feelings and emotions more than any other genre of literature.

  • National and international poetry movements receive recognition and energy through World Poetry Day.

  • It was traditionally celebrated in October, but now it is celebrated every year on March 21.

  • The day aims to promote linguistic diversity through poetic expression and expand the possibility of endangered languages being heard.

  • The day remembers writers past and present, and oral poetry recitation customs are reintroduced.

  • In 2021, theUNESCO Offices in Paris celebrated the 100th birthday of Macedonian poet Blaye Konski and announced the Struga Poetry Evening's Golden Wreath Prize for 2021.

  • UNESCO established World Poetry Day in 1999 to promote poetry appreciation globally, protect endangered languages, and encourage poetic expression.

By admin: March 21, 2023

6. International Day of Forests - 21 March

Tags: Important Days

International Day of Forests - 21 March

March 21 is celebrated worldwide as the International Day of Forests or World Forestry Day to raise awareness about the importance of forests, woodlands and trees in our lives.

An Overview of the News

  • The day highlights the value, importance and contribution of forests to balance the life cycle on earth and addresses issues such as deforestation.

  • The theme for the International Day of Forests in 2023 is "Forests and Health", emphasising the interdependence between the existence of forests and our well-being. Forests play an important role in maintaining the existence of all living beings including humans.

  • International Day of Forests encourages citizens, governments, non-governmental organisations and other local, national and international bodies to plant trees and make concerted efforts to save forests from destruction.

  • The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) declared 2011 as the International Year of Forests during its 61st session on 20 December 2006.

  •  Its objective was to promote awareness on the conservation and sustainable development of all types of forests in the context of poverty alleviation and global warming mitigation.

  • The decision was taken to underline the importance of forests in achieving development goals.

About the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

  • It is the main policy-making and representative part of the United Nations and was created in 1945.

  • It is one of the six principal parts of the United Nations (UN).

  • It serves as the main deliberative, policy making and representative part of the United Nations.

  • Its powers, structure, functions and procedures are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter.

  • Its main functions are to prepare the budget of the United Nations, appoint non-permanent members to the Security Council, appoint the Secretary-General of the United Nations, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations system, and make recommendations through resolutions.

By admin: March 21, 2023

7. World Down Syndrome Day - 21 March

Tags: Important Days

World Down Syndrome Day - 21 March

World Down Syndrome Day is observed annually on 21 March to raise awareness and show support for individuals with Down syndrome.

An Overview of the News

  • This date was chosen because Down syndrome is caused by a triplication of the 21st chromosome, which makes March 21 unique.

  • The main goal of World Down Syndrome Day is to promote equal treatment and opportunities for persons with disabilities, including Down syndrome.

  • This year's theme is "With Us, Not For Us," emphasising the importance of treating individuals with Down syndrome fairly and inclusively.

  • World Down Syndrome Day was first observed in 2006 through a global campaign led by the Brazilian Federation of Associations of Down Syndrome.

  • In 2011, the United Nations General Assembly officially recognized 21 March as World Down Syndrome Day, calling for increased awareness and understanding of the condition worldwide.

About down syndrome

  • Down syndrome is a genetic condition caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21.

  • This can lead to physical characteristics such as a small head, flattened facial features, and upward-slanting eyes.

  • Medical issues such as heart defects and increased susceptibility to infection are also associated with Down syndrome.

By admin: March 20, 2023

8. International Day of Happiness: 20 March

Tags: Important Days

International Day of Happiness is celebrated as an annual festival on 20 March. It aims to emphasise the importance of happiness and the overall well-being of individuals.

An Overview of the News

  • The theme for International Day of Happiness 2023 is “Be Mindful, Be Grateful, Be Kind”.

  • The United Nations General Assembly, through its resolution 66/281 on 12 July 2012, declared 20 March as the International Day of Happiness.

  • The United Nations started the event in 2013 as one way to mark the occasion is by sharing heartfelt greetings and quotes with loved ones, to inspire them to embrace happiness.

  • The International Day of Happiness event had its first celebration in 2013 and has since served as a means to acknowledge the importance of happiness in the lives of people around the world.

About the United Nations General Assembly

President of the 77th session - H.E. saba korosi

Headquarters – New York, United States

By admin: March 20, 2023

9. World Oral Health Day: 20 March

Tags: Important Days

World Oral Health Day: 20 March

World Oral Health Day is observed globally on 20 March every year to raise awareness about the importance of oral health.

An Overview of the News

  • It aims to encourage and sensitise individuals to adopt good oral hygiene practices, take care of their teeth and learn how to prevent dental problems.

  • The theme of 2023 is 'Be Proud of Your Mouth', this theme has been used for the last three years and this campaign was started in 2021 by FDI.

  • According to a WHO Global Oral Health report, 514 million children in the world suffer from caries in primary teeth and about 75% of the population suffers from permanent tooth decay.

About the World Dental Federation

  • Establishment - 15 August 1900

  • Chairman - Ihsen Ben Yahya

By admin: March 16, 2023

10. National Immunisation Day: 16 March

Tags: Important Days

National Immunisation Day: 16 March

Every year on 16 March, India observes National Immunization Day to raise awareness about polio eradication worldwide.

An Overview of the News

  • India has set a target of vaccinating more than 324 million children through MR vaccination campaigns to eliminate measles and rubella.

  • Immunisation is an important aspect of public health that provides immunity to the body against pathogens that may cause diseases in the future.

  • Vaccines have successfully reduced the spread of many deadly diseases such as measles, chickenpox, tetanus, rubella, polio and, more recently, COVID-19.

Background of the day

  • National Immunization Day was first observed in 1995 when the Pulse Polio Immunization Program was launched to eradicate polio from India.

  • On March 16, 1995, the first dose of oral polio vaccine was administered in India as part of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO), which began in 1988.

  • The vaccination program was popularised through a nationwide campaign called 'Do Boond Zindagi Ki'.

  • Two drops of the vaccine are given orally to children aged 0-5 years in public health centres.

  • According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the last polio case in India was reported in 2011 in Howrah, West Bengal, and India was declared polio-free on March 27, 2014.

  • Every year National Immunization Day is celebrated under a specific theme and in 2022 its theme is 'Vaccines Work for Everyone'.