On 23 June, India launched its GSAT-24 satellite from Kourou in French Guiana in South America.
The GSAT-24 satellite was launched by the French company Arianespace on the Ariane 5 space launch vehicle.
This satellite is built by ISRO for NewSpace India Limited (NSIL).
GSAT-24 is a 24-KU band communication satellite. Its weight is 4180 kg.
This satellite will provide pan India coverage to meet the needs of DTH application.
Why was GSAT-24 launched on a French rocket?
The GSAT-24 satellite was launched on board the French rocket Ariane 5, as India currently does not have a space-launch rocket that can lift a satellite weighing more than 4 tonnes into geostationary orbit.
India's most powerful rocket GSLV MK3 is capable of lifting a maximum of 4 tonnes into geostationary orbit.
GSAT-24 is a 24-Ku band communication satellite
The weight of this satellite is 4180 kg.
About NewSpace India Limited (NSIL) -
NSIL is a Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) and the commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
It was established on March 6, 2019.
It works under the administrative control of the Department of Space (DoS).
This organisation seeks to increase the participation of industries in the Indian space programmes.
Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) has unveiled its patented indigenous solar cook top, "Surya Nutan".
It is a patented product designed and developed by IndianOil's R&D Centre, Faridabad.
Surya Nutan will help drastically reduce India's CO2 emissions and protect our citizens from the uncertainty of high international fossil fuel prices.
The product was showcased at the residence of Union Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister Hardeep Puri.
About Surya Nutan -
Surya Nutan is an indoor solar cooking system installed at one location, rechargeable and always connected to the kitchen.
Surya Nutan operates in hybrid mode, which means it can run on both solar and auxiliary power sources simultaneously. The solar cook top's insulation design minimises radiative and conductive heat loss.
Surya Nutan's insulation design minimises radiation and conductive heat loss.
Surya Nutan is available in three different models: Surya Nutan's premium model (Breakfast + Lunch + Dinner) can cook a complete meal for a family of four.
Surya Nutan is a modular system and can be designed in different sizes as per the requirement.
The starting cost of the product is Rs 12,000 for the base model and Rs 23,000 for the top model. However, costs are expected to come down significantly with economies of scale.
Presently, pilot projects are being conducted at around 60 locations like Leh (Ladakh) to explore various operational and commercial aspects related to its application.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION -
About Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) -
Indian Oil Corporation Limited is the largest integrated oil refining and marketing public sector company of the Government of India.
Indian Oil has been accorded Maharatna status by the government.
Headquarters- New Delhi, India
President- Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
By admin: June 23, 2022
Indian communication satellite launched by Arianespace
China recently launched the country's most advanced and first fully domestically built aircraft carrier named 'Fujian'.
The third aircraft carrier named after China's eastern coastal province of Fujian was commissioned.
China's first aircraft carrier Liaoning is a refined version of the Soviet-era ship, which was commissioned in 2012 and was followed by the launch of second aircraft carrier 'Shandong' in 2019 which was indigenously built.
China's new warship is said to be the first drone aircraft carrier.
The ship can carry 50 unmanned systems, including unmanned boats, drones and underwater vehicles.
China officially the People's Republic of China is a country in East Asia.
It is the world's most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion.
China spans five geographical time zones and borders 14 countries,
the second most of any country in the world after Russia.
China's capital is Beijing, and the financial centre is Shanghai.
China is the world's largest economy by GDP at purchasing power parity, the second-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the second-wealthiest country.
China is one of the fastest growing major economies and is the world's largest manufacturer and exporter.
China is the world's largest standing army by military personnel and second-largest defence budget.
The United States of America has announced $122 million in funding to the top three Indian medical research institutes to help prevent preventable pandemics, early detection of disease threats, and prompt and effective response.
A total amount of US$ 122,475,000 will be disbursed to three top Indian health research institutes over a period of five years.
These three research institutes are Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune and National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Chennai.
The fund will accelerate progress towards India that protects against infectious disease threats by focusing on emerging pathogens.
The fund will help in detecting and controlling zoonotic disease outbreaks through a ‘one health’ approach, evaluate vaccine safety monitoring systems, capacitance of the public health workforce in epidemiology and outbreak response.
Starting from September 30, 2022, eligibility for funding is limited to ICMR, and ICMR institutions, which are the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, and the National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE), Chennai.
Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
It is one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world headquartered in New Delhi for the coordination and promotion of biomedical research.
It works under the Department of Health Services (DHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
It was established in 1911 as Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA).
Later in 1949 its name was changed to ICMR.
National Institute of Virology (NIV)
It is one of the major institutes of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
It was established at Pune, Maharashtra in 1952.
It was established as Virus Research Center (VRC) under the aegis of ICMR and Rockefeller Foundation (RF), USA.
National Institute of Epidemiology (NIE)
It is a permanent premier institute of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) established on 2 July 1999.
It was established by merging the Central JALMA Institute for Leprosy (CJIL Field Unit), Avadi with the Institute for Research in Medical Statistics (IRMS), Chennai.
The objectives of the Institute are conducting epidemiological studies, development of human resources in epidemiology and bio-statistics etc.
America's Frontier supercomputer has become the world's fastest supercomputer, surpassing Japan's Fugaku, according to the Top 500 list of the world's most powerful supercomputers.
The Frontier supercomputer, built for the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), has a speed of 1.1 exaflops, making it the world's first supercomputer operating at exascale speeds.
This supercomputer is built using Hewlett Packard Enterprise Architecture, coupled with Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) processors.
Its speed exceeds that of Japan's Fugaku supercomputer (442 petaflops), which was by far the fastest supercomputer in the world.
Frontier is also ranked first in the Green 500 list as the world's most energy efficient supercomputer. It measures supercomputing energy use and efficiency with 52.23 gigaflops of performance per watt, making it 32% more energy efficient than the Fugaku supercomputer.
In the latest edition of the Top 500 list, LUMI is followed by Frontier and Fugaku. The third place is given to the supercomputer, which is installed in Kajani, Finland.