Current Affairs search results for tag: national
By admin: July 20, 2024

1. EAM Jaishankar Inaugurates India’s First Overseas Jan Aushadhi Kendra in Mauritius

Tags: International News

External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar inaugurated India’s first overseas Jan Aushadhi Kendra in Mauritius.

An Overview of the News

  • The event marked a significant step in strengthening bilateral ties between India and Mauritius.

  • Mauritius Prime Minister Pravind Kumar Jugnauth was also present at the inauguration.

Purpose and Goals

  • The Jan Aushadhi Kendra is a health partnership project aimed at supplying cost-effective, Made-in-India medicines.

  • It aims to enhance public healthcare and well-being in Mauritius.

  • This initiative fulfills a promise made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi earlier this year.

Inauguration of the Mediclinic Project

  • Jaishankar also inaugurated the Mediclinic project at Grand Bois village in Mauritius.

  • The project is funded by Indian assistance and will provide secondary healthcare.

  • The Mediclinic project is expected to serve approximately 16,000 people living in the area.

About Mauritius

  • Capital - Port Louis

  • Currency - Mauritian Rupee

  • Official Language - English

  • Prime Minister - Pravind Jugnauth

By admin: July 20, 2024

2. Houston Zoo Administers First-Ever mRNA Vaccine to Combat Deadly EEHV in Elephants

Tags: Environment International News

Tess, a 40-year-old Asian elephant at Houston Zoo, received the first-ever dose of an mRNA vaccine to prevent elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirus (EEHV) 1A.

An Overview of the News

  • The vaccine was created by virologists at Baylor College of Medicine (BCM).

  • Tess was vaccinated on Tuesday, June 18.

  • Effectiveness will be measured by antibody levels in her blood and monitoring for side effects.

  • The dosage for Tess was based on studies with mRNA vaccines in horses.

Collaboration and Contributions

  • The vaccine is the result of a long-term collaboration between the Houston Zoo and Dr. Paul Ling at BCM’s Department of Virology and Microbiology.

  • Contributors include Jessica Watts, a graduate student in Dr. Ling’s laboratory, and Dr. Jeroen Pollet at Texas Children’s Hospital and the National School of Tropical Medicine at BCM.

  • Research funded by the Houston Zoo, a private foundation, International Elephant Foundation (IEF), and Colossal Biosciences.

Global Impact

  • The protocol developed at the Houston Zoo and BCM is utilized globally for monitoring, diagnosing, and treating EEHV.

  • The collaboration has saved elephant lives worldwide and is essential for the long-term survival of elephant populations.

Elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses (EEHV)

  • It is also known as Elephantid betaherpesvirus 1 (ElHV-1), is a type of herpesvirus.

  • EEHV can cause a highly fatal hemorrhagic disease when transmitted to young Asian elephants.

  • In African elephants, related forms of these viruses are generally benign, sometimes causing small growths or lesions.

  • Some types of EEHV can cause a highly fatal disease in Asian elephants, with up to 80% mortality in severely affected individuals.

  • The disease can be treated with the rapid application of antiviral drugs.

  • Treatment with antiviral drugs has been effective in about a third of cases.

About Houston Zoo

  • Location: Houston, Texas, United States

  • Date Opened: September 1922

  • Size: 55 acres (22 hectares)

  • Situated Within: Hermann Park

  • Number of Animals: Over 6,000

  • Number of Species: More than 900

  • Annual Visitors: Around 2 million

  • Ranking: Second most visited zoo in the United States (surpassed only by the San Diego Zoo)

  • Accreditation: Accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA)

By admin: July 19, 2024

3. Yaël Braun-Pivet Re-Elected as Speaker of French National Assembly

Tags: Person in news International News

Yaël Braun-Pivet from Emmanuel Macron's centrist party has been re-elected as the speaker of the National Assembly in France with 220 votes.

An Overview of the News

  • The election was closely contested, with veteran communist lawmaker André Chassaigne receiving 207 votes after three rounds of voting.

  • The re-election follows recent elections that left no single group with a majority in the lower house of parliament.

  • The National Assembly, France's influential lower house of parliament, convened to elect a speaker after chaotic snap elections called by President Emmanuel Macron resulted in a hung legislature.

National Assembly (France)

  • The National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) is the lower house of the French Parliament.

  • It operates under the Fifth Republic.

  • The upper house is the Senate (Sénat).

  • Legislators in the National Assembly are known as députés.

  • "Député" means "delegate" or "envoy." The term is similar to "deputy" in other parliamentary systems.

  • Founded - 4 October 1958

About France

President: Emmanuel Macron

Prime minister: Gabriel Attal

Capital: Paris

Currency : Euro

By admin: July 19, 2024

4. European Parliament approves Ursula von der Leyen as President of the European Commission

Tags: Person in news International News

The European Parliament has approved Ursula von der Leyen's bid for a second five-year term as President of the European Commission.

An Overview of the News

  • Von der Leyen received 401 votes in the 720-seat chamber, surpassing the majority required to maintain her position.

  • In the secret ballot, 284 members voted against her.

  • Von der Leyen addressed the European Parliament, outlining her priorities for the next five years.

  • She committed to continuing the European Green Deal, aiming to make Europe the first climate-neutral continent by 2050.

  • She pledged to reduce emissions by 90 percent by 2040.

  • Substantial investments in infrastructure and industry, particularly in energy-intensive sectors, were announced.

  • Von der Leyen also pledged to continue supporting Ukraine.

About Ursula Gertrud von der Leyen

  • Leyen, born 8 October 1958, is a German politician.

  • She has been the 13th president of the European Commission since 2019.

  • Served in Angela Merkel's cabinet from 2005 to 2019, most recently as federal minister of defence.

  • Member of the centre-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the European People's Party (EPP).

  • Elected as EPP's Spitzenkandidat for the 2024 European Parliament elections on 7 March 2024.

  • Re-elected to head the Commission in July 2024.

By admin: July 19, 2024

5. Metsola Becomes First Female President to Secure Second Term in European Parliament

Tags: Person in news International News

Roberta Metsola was re-elected as President of the European Parliament on July 16, 2024, for another two and a half years, extending her term until 2027.

An Overview of the News

  • Metsola became the first woman to win a second term as President of the European Parliament.

  • Election Details: She secured 562 out of 699 votes, achieving an absolute majority in the first round and defeated Irene Montero, who received 61 votes.

Metsola's Background and Career:

  • First Election: Elected as a member of the European Parliament (MEP) in 2013, becoming one of Malta's first female MEPs.

  • Re-elections: Re-elected as MEP in 2014 and 2019.

  • Vice-Presidency: Became the first Maltese First Vice-President of the European Parliament in November 2020.

  • Acting President: Served as acting President following the death of David Sassoli on January 11, 2022.

  • Full Presidency: Elected as President on January 18, 2022, for the second half of the 9th legislative term.

  • Past Presidents: Third woman to hold the position, following Simone Veil (1979-1982) and Nicole Fontaine (1999-2002).

Metsola's Roles and Contributions:

  • Committee Work: Served as the EPP Group's Coordinator in the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice, and Home Affairs (2017-2020).

  • Legislative Contributions: Was the Parliament's rapporteur on the European Border and Coastguard Regulation in 2019.

  • Journalist Protection: Co-authored a report on protecting journalists in the EU from Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation.

About European Union (EU)

  • EU Presidency (July-December 2024): Hungary

  • European Council President: Charles Michel (until December 2024)

  • European Commission President: Ursula von der Leyen

  • Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium

By admin: July 17, 2024

6. India and Marshall Islands Strengthen Ties with MoU on Community Projects

Tags: International News

On July 15, 2024, India and the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) signed an MoU at the Embassy of India in Tokyo, Japan.

An Overview of the News

  • The agreement is part of India's strategic Pacific outreach efforts.

  • It aims to strengthen bilateral ties under the Forum of India-Pacific Islands Cooperation (FIPIC).

Key Signatories and Attendees:

  • Signatories included Kalani R. Kaneko, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of RMI, and Sibi George, India's Ambassador to Japan and RMI.

  • RMI President Dr. Hilda C. Heine was present during the signing.

  • The RMI delegation included officials like Alexander Carter Bing and Isabela Silk, while Indian officials included Union Minister Dr. S. Jaishankar.

Focus Areas and Projects:

  • The MoU covers four Community Development Projects (CDPs) in RMI.

  • Projects include a community sports center in Ailuk Atoll, an airport terminal on Mejit Island, and community centers at Arno and Wotje Atolls.

  • Focus areas of cooperation include healthcare, affordable medicines, education, capacity building, renewable energy, and clean water facilities.

About Marshall Islands

  • The Marshall Islands are a vast archipelago of volcanic islands and coral atolls located in the central Pacific Ocean, situated between Hawaii and the Philippines.

  • Bikini Atoll, in the northwest, once used as a ship graveyard post-World War II, is now renowned as a popular site for wreck diving.

  • Majuro Atoll, the capital and largest settlement of the islands, is located nearby.

  • Kalalin Pass, near Majuro Atoll, features a vibrant coral reef teeming with diverse marine life.

    • Capital - Majuro

    • Currency - United States Dollar

    • Continent - Oceania

    • Official languages - Marshallese, English

By admin: July 17, 2024

7. Asia's First Pre-Clinical Network Facility Inaugurated in Faridabad

Tags: National News

Dr. Jitendra Singh inaugurated Asia's first health research-related "Pre-clinical Network Facility" under CEPI at THSTI, Faridabad.

An Overview of the News

  • CEPI selected BRIC-THSTI for its BSL3 pathogen handling capabilities, making it Asia's first and the 9th globally.

  • The facility includes a large experimental Animal Facility accommodating 75,000 mice and other species.

  • Dr. Rajesh Gokhale, Secretary DBT, Dr. K. Shrinath Reddy, and Dr. Kathikeyan, Director THSTI, were present at the event.

Inauguration of G-HUMIC Facility

  • The Genetically Defined Human Associated Microbial Culture Collection (G-HUMIC) facility was also inaugurated.

  • G-HUMIC is designed to support research institutions, universities and industries with genetically characterized pathogen-free animal and microbial cultures.

THSTI and its Role

  • THSTI, part of BRIC under the Department of Biotechnology, fosters collaborations for vaccine development and research in diseases like Nipah and Influenza.

  • It supports fundamental and translational research, biomarker identification, and research collaborations across sectors.

About Haryana

  • Capital: Chandigarh

  • Chief Minister: Nayab Singh Saini

  • Governor: Bandaru Dattatreya

  • Formerly: Part of Punjab

  • State Bird: Black francolin

  • Demonym: Haryanvi

  • Districts: 22 (organized into 6 divisions)

First In Haryana

  • First Governor: Dharambir

  • First Chief Minister: Bhagwat Dayal Sharma

  • The first newspaper to be published in Haryana: Haryana Jhajjar

  • Haryana is the first state to form educated Panchayats

  • In 1970, Haryana became the first state to provide electricity to all villages

  • Haryana was the first state to introduce VAT

  • Haryana implemented the first crop insurance scheme in the state

  • Haryana ranks first in the country in mushroom production

  • Prominent Women Satyagrahi of Haryana: Chandbai

  • Haryana was the first state to start an old age pension scheme

  • Haryana launched the Apni Beti Apna Dhan Yojana

  • Haryana is second only to Punjab in milk production

By admin: July 16, 2024

8. Jayant Chaudhary Launches Skill India Digital Hub for Transparent Scheme Access

Tags: National News

Jayant Chaudhary, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) at the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), launched the Skill India Digital Hub (SIDH) Portal.

An Overview of the News

  • The portal's primary objective is to ensure beneficiaries have access to complete information about all schemes.

  • It aims to enhance transparency and facilitate easier access to skill development opportunities across India.

About SIDH:

  • SIDH is integral to India's Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI), a flagship initiative by the Government of India aimed at leveraging digital technologies for skill development.

  • Its primary goal is to enhance transparency and provide detailed information about government schemes to beneficiaries.

  • The portal offers education aligned with industry needs, career opportunities, and support for entrepreneurship, catering to the aspirations of millions of Indians seeking better prospects.

Skill India Digital (SID) Platform Launch (Sept. 2023)

  • In September 2023, Dharmendra Pradhan, former Union Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, launched Skill India Digital (SID).

  • SID is a comprehensive digital platform designed to transform India's skills, education, employment, and entrepreneurship sectors.

  • The platform aims to revolutionize the landscape of skill development in India through digital means.

  • Its focus spans across enhancing skills, facilitating education, promoting employment, and fostering entrepreneurship.

By admin: July 16, 2024

9. Bangladesh Joins Colombo Security Conclave as 5th Full Member

Tags: International News

Bangladesh officially became the 5th full member of the Colombo Security Conclave (CSC), joining India, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, and the Maldives.

An Overview of the News

  • The announcement was made during the 8th Deputy National Security Adviser (DNSA) meeting of the CSC, hosted virtually by Mauritius on July 10, 2024.

  • Seychelles participated as an Observer state.

Historical Context:

  • Mauritius became the 4th member of the CSC during the 5th meeting held in Male, Maldives, in March 2022.

  • The 6th NSA-level meeting was held in Mauritius in December 2023.

Key Dignitaries:

  • India: Represented by Pankaj Kumar, Deputy National Security Adviser (Internal Affairs).

  • Bangladesh: Represented by Lt. General Mizanur Rahman Shameem, Principal Staff Officer, Armed Forces Division, Prime Minister's Office (PMO).

  • Maldives: Represented by Major General (Retired) Hamid Shafeeg, DNSA.

  • Mauritius: Represented by Yoidhisteer Thecka, Principal Coordinator Security Matter in PMO.

  • Sri Lanka: Represented by General LHSC Silva, Chief of Defence Staff (CDS).

  • Secretariat of the CSC: Represented by Acting Secretary Commodore AD Weerasinghe.

  • Seychelles: Delegation led by Lt. Colonel Michael Hollanda, Commander of Land Force, Seychelles Defence Forces.

Future Meetings:

  • The 7th National Security Adviser (NSA)-level meeting of the CSC will be hosted by India in 2025.

Review of Previous Decisions:

  • Member nations reviewed decisions from the 7th DNSA level meeting hosted virtually by the Maldives on July 12, 2023, and the 6th NSA-level meeting.

  • Progress of activities under the Roadmap of Activities for 2023-24 of the CSC was also reviewed.

About CSC:-

  • Established: 2011 as a trilateral maritime security group (India, Sri Lanka, Maldives).

  • Renamed: 2020 as Colombo Security Conclave (CSC) to expand maritime cooperation.

  • Aim: Promote regional cooperation and shared security for littoral nations in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR).

Secretariat: Established in Colombo, Sri Lanka in 2021.

About Bangladesh:-

  • Capital: Dhaka

  • Official Language: Bengali

  • Currency: Bangladeshi Taka

  • Borders: India, Myanmar

  • National Day: 26th March

  • National Symbols: Shapla (water lily), Royal Bengal tiger

  • National Anthem: Amar Sonar Bangla (‘My Golden Bengal’)

  • Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina

  • President: Mohammad Shahabuddin

By admin: July 15, 2024

10. KP Sharma Oli sworn in as Nepal PM

Tags: Person in news International News

KP Sharma Oli took oath as Nepal PM on 14 July.

An Overview of the News

  • The swearing-in ceremony took place at Shital Niwas, the main building of Rashtrapati Bhavan in Kathmandu at 10:45 am IST.

  • A group of ministers were also inducted into the Cabinet along with Oli.

  • Oli was appointed PM for the third time to lead the new coalition government.

  • He will replace Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda, who lost the trust vote in the House of Representatives on 12 July.

  • Nepal President Ram Chandra Paudel appointed Oli from the Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML)-Nepali Congress (NC) alliance as the new PM.

  • Oli presented the signatures of 165 members of the House of Representatives - 77 of which were from his party and 88 from the NC.

About Nepal

  • The kingdom of Nepal was established by the Shah dynasty.

  • It is a landlocked country in South Asia.

  • President - Ram Chandra Paudel

  • Capital - Kathmandu

  • Currency - Nepalese Rupee