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Current Affairs search results for tag: defence
By admin: June 22, 2022

The Indian Navy launched 'Operation Sankalp' in the Persian Gulf

Tags: Popular Defence

The Indian Navy has launched 'Operation Sankalp' in the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman as a measure to ensure the safety of Indian ships.

  • The stealth frigate of the Indian Navy, INS Talwar is presently deployed for Operation Sankalp, the third consecutive year of Indian Navy presence in the Gulf region, with the objective of safeguarding India's maritime interests.

  • Operation Sankalp

  • The Indian Navy had launched Operation Sankalp in the Gulf region on June 19, 2019, following the deteriorating security situation in the region following attacks on merchant ships in the Gulf of Oman.

  • It was started to ensure the safe passage of Indian flag ships passing through the Strait of Hormuz.

  • The operation is carried out in collaboration with stakeholders including the Ministry of External Affairs, the Ministry of Shipping, the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.

  • Under this, the Indian Navy is constantly monitoring the situation in the Gulf region. It maintains a presence in the region to ensure the security of maritime trade as well as the security of Indian flag merchant ships.

  • Persian Gulf

  • Also called the Arabian Gulf, it is a shallow marginal sea in the Indian Ocean located between the Arabian Peninsula and southwestern Iran.

  • Its length is about 990 km and its width ranges from a maximum of about 340 km to a minimum of 55 km in the Strait of Hormuz.

  • Gulf of Oman

  • The Gulf of Oman is located in the northwestern part of the Arabian Sea between the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula (Oman) and Iran.

  • It is 560 km long and connects to the Persian Gulf through the Strait of Hormuz.

  • It provides the only gateway into the Persian Gulf from the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.

  • It is a shipping route for the oil-producing region around the Persian Gulf.

By admin: June 21, 2022

New Advanced Light Helicopter Squadron 840 CG inducted in Indian Coast Guard

Tags: Defence

The Indian Coast Guard Region (East) inducted the Advanced Light Helicopter (ALH) Mark-III, indigenously developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd (HAL), in Chennai on 20 June.

  • The ALH will be the first aircraft of the newly created "840 Squadron" to be stationed at Chennai and the first ALH Mk-III to be deployed in the Coast Guard area east.

  • The aircraft was received with a traditional water cannon salute at Coast Guard Air Station, Chennai.

  • Coast Guard Zone East Commander Inspector General A.P. Badola welcomed the aircraft and crew.

  • Three more ALHs will be inducted into the squadron shortly.

  • The aircraft has Beyond the Visual Range Detection using modern radars.

  • It is equipped for target neutralization operations using its mounted heavy machine gun.

  • The operational area of the squadron would cover the entire eastern sector due to its strategic importance and geographical location.

  • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)

  • It is a Government of India owned aerospace and defence company headquartered in Bangalore.

  • It was established as Hindustan Aircraft Limited in Bangalore on 23 December 1940 by Walchand Hirachand, who became the chairman of the company.

  • It is governed under the management of the Indian Ministry of Defence.

  • It is presently engaged in the design, manufacture and assembly of aircraft, jet engines, helicopters and their spare parts.

  • Its branches are located in Nasik, Korwa, Kanpur, Koraput, Lucknow, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kasaragod.

  • The HAL HF-24 Marut fighter-bomber was the first fighter aircraft manufactured in India.

  • Indian Coast Guard

  • It performs non-military functions.

  • Established - 18 August 1978 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978

  • Operates - under the Ministry of Defence

  • Headquarter - in New Delhi

  • Jurisdiction - over the territorial waters of India including contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.

  • It is responsible for the protection of the marine environment in the maritime regions of India.

By admin: June 16, 2022

Indian Naval Ships Sahyadri, Kamorta on 3-day visit to Jakarta

Tags: Defence International News

As part of deployment to South East Asia, Indian Naval Ships INS Sahyadri and Kamorta are on a three-day visit to Jakarta.

  • During the visit, Indian Navy personnel will participate in interactions with the Indonesian Navy (TNI-AL) towards further enhancing interoperability and mutual cooperation.

  • In addition, a number of social and informal exchanges are also planned with an aim to strengthen ties and mutual understanding between the navies.

  • The visit of INS ships seeks to enhance maritime cooperation and strengthen India's friendship with Indonesia which will contribute towards security and stability in the region.

  • INS Sahyadri

  • It is the Shivalik-class advanced, guided-missile frigate warship.

  • It is built by the Mazagon Dock Limited, Mumbai.

  • It was launched in 2005. 

  • It was commissioned along with INS Shivalik (F-47), INS Satpura (F-48) into the Indian Navy on July 21st, 2012.

  • It is 468 feet in length and 55 feet in breadth. 

  • It has a displacement capacity of 6,800 tons.

  • It has a massive surface speed of 32 knots.

  • INS Kamorta 

  • INS Kamorta is first of the four ASW Stealth Corvettes.

  • It was designed by the Navy’s in-house organisation, the Directorate of Naval Design (DND), under Project 28.

  • With a length of 110 m, width of 14 m and a displacing capacity of 3500 tonnes, it can achieve a speed of 25 knots.

  • It is suited with anti-submarine rockets and torpedoes, medium and close-in weapon systems and indigenous surveillance radar Revathi.

  • It was commissioned on 23 Aug 2014.

By admin: June 16, 2022

Short-range ballistic missile Prithvi-II successfully tested

Tags: Popular Defence

India successfully launched the Prithvi-II short-range ballistic missile in the night on June 15 from an integrated test range at Chandipur in Odisha.

  • Prithvi-II Missile

  • It is an indigenously developed surface-to-surface missile, which has a range of about 250 km and can carry one tonne of payload.

  • It was developed by DRDO and first used by the Indian Air Force.

  • It is a proven system and is capable of hitting targets with a very high degree of accuracy.

  • The user training launch successfully validated all operational and technical parameters of the missile.

  • Prithvi Missiles of India

  • Prithvi missile is a tactical surface-to-surface short-range ballistic missile developed by DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme.

  • Prithvi was the first missile to be developed under this programme.

  • Three variants of Prithvi Missiles

  1. Prithvi-I - Army version -150 km range with a payload of 1,000 kg.

  2. Prithvi II – Air Force version 250-350 km range with a payload of 500 kg

  3. Prithvi III – Naval version 350 km range with a payload of 1,000 kg

  • The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP)

  • It was started by the Government of India in 1982-83, it included the following projects -

  1. Prithvi - Short range surface to surface missile

  2. Trishul - Short range surface to air missile

  3. Aakash - Medium range surface to air missile

  4. Nag - Third generation anti-tank missile

  5. Agni-I -Agni missile was later separated from the IGMDP due to its strategic importance

By admin: June 14, 2022

India expanding its nuclear arsenal - SIPRI

Tags: Popular Defence

Stockholm-based defence think tank SIPRI (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute) claimed on June 13 that India had 160 nuclear warheads as of January 2022, indicating India's expansion of nuclear arsenal.

  • India's nuclear stockpile increased from 156 in January 2021 to 160 in January 2022.

  • Nuclear stockpile of neighbouring countries

  • Pakistan's nuclear stockpile remains at 165 in January 2021 and January 2022.

  • In January 2021 and January 2022, China had 350 nuclear warheads.

  • China is nearing substantial expansion of its nuclear weapons arsenal, satellite images indicate, including the construction of more than 300 new missile silos.

  • India and Pakistan appear to be expanding their nuclear arsenals, and both countries introduced the new type of nuclear system in 2021 and continue to develop it.

  • Countries with nuclear weapons

  • As per SIPRI, the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea have nuclear weapons. 

  • Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

  • SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament. It is funded mainly by the Swedish Government.

  • Established in 1966 

  • Headquarters : Solna, Sweden

By admin: June 8, 2022

Multinational peace exercise "X Khan Quest 2022"

Tags: Defence

A multinational peace exercise "X Khan Quest 2022" involving military contingents from 16 countries was held in Mongolia.

  • The Indian Army is represented in the exercise by a contingent of Ladakh Scouts.

  • The exercise was inaugurated by Mongolian President Ukhnagin Khuralsukh.

  • X Khan Quest

  • Khan Quest is a multinational peacekeeping mission organised in Mongolia.

  • This includes a United Nations Peacekeeping Mission command post exercise in the Five Hills Mountain Training Area of the Mongolian Armed Forces and a United Nations Peacekeeping Operation (PKO) mission field training exercise.

  • The exercise is designed to improve peacekeeping capabilities, strengthen military ties and enhance the UN principle PKO competencies of all participants.

  • The military exercise will enhance the level of defence cooperation between the Indian Army and the Armed Forces of the participating countries, especially Mongolia, thereby enhancing the bilateral ties between the two countries.

  • Important fact

  • Nomadic Elephant is another military exercise that is conducted between India and Mongolia.

By admin: June 8, 2022

Govt changes Service rules to make retired officers eligible for CDS post

Tags: Defence

The Central Government has made a major change in the rules for appointment to the post of Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The government has amended the service rules of the Army, Navy and Air Force.

  • What are the new rules?

  • Under the new rule, now retired chiefs of the Army, Navy and Air Force or serving lieutenant general rank officers can also become CDS.

  • Age should be less than 62 years at the time of appointment.

  • Thus, under the new rules, the way has been cleared for the second best active rank officers of the three services to become CDS.

  • General Bipin Rawat was appointed as the country's first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) after retiring from the post of Army Chief.

  • The post of CDS has been lying vacant since the death of General Bipin Rawat in a helicopter crash in Tamil Nadu in December last year.

  • About Chief of Defence Staff (CDS)

  • CDS is the head of Indian Armed Forces  and the highest-ranking officer of the Indian Armed Forces.

  • The President of India is the supreme commander of the armed forces.

  • General Bipin Rawat was the first Chief of Defence Staff.

  • He assumed office on 1 January 2020.

  • CDS post was created on 24 December 2019.

  • CDS is a member of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, National Security Council, Defence Acquisition Council, Defence Planning Committee, Nuclear Command Authority, Defence Cyber Agency and Defence Space Agency.

  • List of Chiefs of the Indian Defence

  • Army Chief - General Manoj Pande

  • Navy Chief - Admiral R. Hari Kumar

  • Air Force Chief - Air Chief Marshal  Vivek Ram Chaudhari

By admin: June 6, 2022

Chinese astronauts enter Tiangong space station module after successful launch

Tags: Defence Science and Technology

The China Manned Space Agency (CMSA) announced that three Shenzhou-14 astronauts successfully entered the Tiangong Space Station on June 6 with the Tianzhou-4 cargo craft.

  • The three astronauts Chen Dong, Liu Yang and Kai Xuje will collaborate with the ground team to complete the assembly and construction of the Tiangong space station.

  • Astronauts will grow the space station from a single-module structure with core module Tianhe, two lab modules Wentian and Mengtian into a National Space Laboratory.

  • About Tiangong Space Station

  • This is a planned permanent space station of China which will be placed in Low Earth Orbit.

  • It was launched on September 15, 2016.

  • This is China's longest manned space mission so far.

  • China had launched Tiangong-1 in 2011 as a proof-of-concept of technologies for future stations.

  • Tiangong will be fully operational by the end of 2022.

By admin: June 6, 2022

India, Bangladesh hold joint military exercise as part of bilateral defence cooperation

Tags: Defence

As part of India-Bangladesh bilateral defence cooperation, a joint military training exercise Ex SAMPRITI-X is being conducted at Jashor Military Station, Bangladesh from 5 June to 16 June 2022.

  • Exercise SAMPRITI

  • Exercise SAMPRITI is an important bilateral defence cooperation organised by the two countries alternately.

  • It aims to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the two armies.

  • Its aim is to understand each other’s tactical drills and operational techniques.

  • Exercise Ex SAMPRITI-X

  • During this joint military exercise, the armies of the two countries will share expertise in multiple scenarios of terrorism, humanitarian aid and disaster relief and UN peacekeeping under the mandate of the United Nations.

  • As the exercise progresses, a joint tactical exercise will be conducted in which the joint combat exercise of both the troops will be practised.

  • The exercise will culminate with a final verification exercise in which soldiers of both the armies will jointly practice counter-terrorism operations in a simulated environment.

  • The exercise is an opportunity for cultural understanding besides strengthening trust and cooperation between the armies of both nations.

  • Both the armies will benefit from each other's experience from this exercise which will further contribute to peace and stability in the region.

By admin: June 4, 2022

INS Akshay and Nishank decommissioned after 32 years of glorious service

Tags: Defence

INS Akshay and INS Nishank were decommissioned on 4 June after rendering excellent service to the nation for 32 years.

  • The ceremony was conducted at Naval Dockyard, Mumbai in a traditional ceremony.

  • INS Nishank and INS Akshay were constructed and commissioned at Poti Shipyard in Georgia.

  • These fine and lethal warships were inducted in the Indian Navy in 1989 and 1990.

  • INS Nishank and Akshay were part of 22 Missile Vessel Squadron and 23 Patrol Vessel Squadron respectively under the control of Flag Officer Commanding, Maharashtra Naval Area.

  • Both participated in several naval operations including Operation Talwar during the Kargil War and Operation Parakram in 2001.

  • Operation Parakram was launched consequent to the Parliament attack in 2001.

  • INS Nishank, the fourth of the Veer class missile corvette killers, will be displayed as a war relic at a historic place.

  • INS Nishank

  • It was inducted into the Indian Navy on 12 September 1989.

  • It is a Veer class corvette ship, it has a length of 184 feet and a beam of 34 feet.

  • It used to move in the sea at a speed of 59 kilometres per hour.

  • It had 4 P-15 Termit missiles.

  • INS Akshay 

  • It was inducted into the Navy on 10 December 1990.

  • It is an Abbey class corvette battleship

  • It is 183.7 feet long, has a beam height of 33 feet and a draft of 11 feet.

  • This warship used to move in the sea at a speed of 52 kilometres per hour.

  • It had 1 quad surface to air missile Strela-2M, 1 AK-76 machine gun, 4 torpedo tubes.

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