Current Affairs search results for: "MANIPUR"
By admin: April 16, 2023

1. First AIIMS inaugurated in the Northeast at Changsari near Guwahati

Tags: State News

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in Changsari near Guwahati on 14th April. It is the first AIIMS in the Northeast.

An overview of the news

  • He announced three other medical colleges in Assam.

  • The three medical colleges at Nalbari, Nagaon and Kokrajhar have been built at a cost of around Rs 615 crore, Rs 600 crore and Rs 535 crore, respectively.

  • He also laid the foundation stone of Assam Advanced Health Care Innovation Institute (AAHII) at IIT-Guwahati

  • The Prime Minister also launched a healthcare scheme to provide free medical treatment of Rs 5 lakh each year to 11 million beneficiaries.

  • The AIIMS campus, built at a cost of Rs 1,123 crore, is a one-of-a-kind healthcare facility in the entire northeastern region. 

  • It will have an annual intake capacity of 100 medical students every year.

  • The foundation stone for the institute was laid by PM Modi in 2017.

  • He distributed Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY) cards in all districts.

About Northeast India

  • Northeast India comprises seven states : Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura.

  • The northeast is bordered by Bhutan, China, Myanmar and Bangladesh with a total length of over 2000 km and is connected to the rest of India by a narrow 20 km wide corridor of land.

  • Northeast India is also known as the “Seven Sisters”.

By admin: April 15, 2023

2. Bihu performance in Guwahati creates Guinness World Record

Tags: State News

Bihu, a beloved cultural event in Assam, was performed in front of Prime Minister Narendra Modi and other dignitaries at the Suraszai Stadium in Guwahati on 14 April.

News Overview

  • The festival is known for bridging differences and symbolising harmony between human beings and nature.

  • More than 11,000 folk dancers and drummers performed the Bihu dance and played the dhulia (drum) at one place, creating two Guinness World Records.

  • The performance set a new record for the largest Bihu dance at a single venue, while the dhol players set a record for the highest number of drummers performing at a single venue.

  • The Assam government announced an appreciation of Rs 25,000 for each artist.

About Assam:

  • Location: It is a state located in the northeastern region of India. It is bounded by Bhutan in the north, Arunachal Pradesh in the east, Nagaland in the northeast, Manipur in the southeast, Mizoram in the south and West Bengal in the west.

  • Wildlife: Contains Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park and Nameri National Park.

  • Language: Assamese is the official language of the state, but several other languages are also spoken, including Bengali, Bodo, and Hindi.

Formation (as a state) - 26 January 1950

Capital - Dispur

Chief Minister - Himanta Biswa Sarma

Governor - Gulab Chand Kataria

Rajya Sabha - 7 seats

Lok Sabha - 14 seats

Official Animal - Indian Rhinoceros

Official Bird - White-winged Duck

Official Dance - Bihu Dance

Official flower -Rhynchostylis retusa

Official river -Brahmaputra

By admin: March 26, 2023

3. AFSPA removed from most areas of North Eastern states

Tags: National National News

Centre has decided to further reduce the jurisdiction of ‘disturbed areas’ under the Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, 1958 (AFSPA) in Assam, Nagaland and Manipur.

An overview of the news

  • The decision has been taken in view of the significant improvement in the security situation in North-East India.

  • Compared to 2014, there has been a 76 percent reduction in extremist incidents in 2022.

  • During this period, there has been a 90 percent reduction in the deaths of security personnel and 97 percent in the deaths of civilians.

  • Earlier, in a historic move, the Center brought down the disturbed areas in Nagaland, Assam and Manipur from April 2022 under AFSPA.

What is AFSPA?

  • Armed Forces Special Powers Act, (AFSPA),1958, gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in “disturbed areas.

  • It came into force decades ago in the context of insurgency in the northeastern states.

  • It provides "special powers" to the army, air force and central paramilitary forces.

  • The Act provides that if "reasonable suspicion exists", the armed forces may also arrest any person without warrant; May enter or search premises without warrant and prohibit possession of firearms.

What are the Disturbed Areas?

  • A disturbed area means which is declared by notification under Section 3 of the AFSPA.

  • A region may be disturbed because of differences or disputes between members of different, racial, religious, language or regional groups or castes or communities.

  • The Central Government or the Governor of the State or administrator of the Union Territory have power to declare the whole or part of the State or Union Territory as a disturbed area.

By admin: March 3, 2023

4. Hekani Jakhalu became the first female MLA of Nagaland Assembly

Tags: State News

On March 2, Hakani Jakhalu of the Nationalist Democratic Progressive Party (NDPP) became the first female MLA to be elected to the Nagaland Legislative Assembly.

An overview of the news

  • Jakhu won the Dimapur III seat by defeating Lok Janshakti Party (Ram Vilas) leader Azheto Jhimomi by 1,536 votes.

  • Another NDPP female candidate, Salhunuonu Cruce defeated her independent rival by just seven votes in the Western Angami constituency. Both became the first female MLA from Nagaland.

About Hekani Jakhalu

  • She studied in Lady Shri Ram College for Women and Law Faculty of Delhi University and has done LLM from the University of San Francisco.

  • He later worked in a law firm in Delhi.

  • In 2005, she returned to Nagaland to start an NGO called Youthnet, with "Youth Empowerment".

  • In 2019, she won the Nari Shakti Puruskar from the Ministry of Child and Women Development.

Nagaland State 

  • Nagaland was formally recognized as a separate state on December 1, 1963, with Kohima declared as its capital.

  • It is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh in the northeast, Manipur in the south and Assam in the west and northwest and Myanmar (Burma) in the east.

  • Mithun (Gyal) is the state animal of Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh.

  • Blyth's Tragopan is the state bird of Nagaland.

  • The Konyaks are the largest tribe, followed by the Aos, Tangkhul, Semas and Angami.

  • Other tribes include the Lotha, Sangtam, Phom, Chang, Khim Hungama, Yimchungar, Zeliang, Chakhesang (chokri) and Rengma.

By admin: Feb. 20, 2023

5. Mizoram Statehood Day

Tags: State News Important Days

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has greeted the people of Mizoram on the state's foundation day on February 20.

An overview of the news

  • Every year 20 February is celebrated as the Statehood Day of Mizoram.

  • The state of Mizoram was formed on 20 February 1987 following the 53rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, 1986.

  • At the time of independence, the Mizo Hills region became the Lushai Hills district within Assam.

  • In 1954 it was renamed Mizo Hills District of Assam.

  • Mizoram was granted union territory status in 1972 following the signing of an important accord with the moderates of the Mizo National Front (MNF).

  • It became the 23rd full state of India on 20 February 1987.

Geographical Situation

  • International Border - Myanmar and Bangladesh

  • State boundary - Tripura (North-West), Assam (North) and Manipur (North-East).


  • It is the second least populous state in India after Sikkim.

  • Sex ratio - 975 females per 1000 males (at national level it is 943).

  • The literacy rate of the state is 91.58%. (National rate - 74.04%).

Protected Areas 

  • Murlen National Park 

  • Phawngpui National Park 

  • Dampa Tiger Reserve 

  • Ngengpui Wildlife Sanctuary

  • Tawi Wildlife Sanctuary

Important Festivals 

  • Chapchar Kut

  • Christmas Festival 

  • Anthurium Festival 

  • Lyuva Khutla Festival

By admin: Feb. 12, 2023

6. President Draupadi Murmu appoints new governors in 13 states

Tags: National National News

President Droupadi Murmu  appointed 13 new Governors while accepting the resignations of  Bhagat Singh Koshyari as Governor of Maharashtra and of Radha Krishnan Mathur as Lt. Governor of Ladakh on 12 February.

The fresh appointments

  • Lt. General Kaiwalya Trivikram Parnaik, (Retired) Governor of Arunachal Pradesh

  • Lakshman Prasad Acharya, Governor of Sikkim

  • C P Radhakrishnan, Governor of Jharkhand

  • Shiv Pratap Shukla, Governor of Himachal Pradesh

  • S. Abdul Nazeer, Governor of Andhra Pradesh

  • Gulab Chand Kataria, Governor of Assam

Change of states of some current governors

  • Justice (Retd) Biswa Bhusan Harichandan, Governor of Andhra Pradesh appointed as Governor of Chhattisgarh.

  • Anusuiya Uikye, Governor of Chhattisgarh appointed as Governor of Manipur.

  • La. Ganesan, Governor of Manipur appointed as Governor of Nagaland.

  • Phagu Chauhan, Governor of Bihar appointed as Governor of Meghalaya.

  • Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar, Governor of Himachal Pradesh appointed as Governor of Bihar.

  • Ramesh Bais, Governor of Jharkhand appointed as Governor of Maharashtra.

  • Brig (Dr) B D Mishra (Retd), Governor of Arunachal Pradesh appointed as Lt. Governor of Ladakh.

How are Governors appointed?

  • Article 153 of the Constitution says “There shall be a Governor for each State.”

  • According to Article 155 "the Governor of a State shall be appointed by the President by warrant under his hand and seal".

  • Under Article 156, "the Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President", but his term shall be five years.

  • Articles 157 and 158 lay down the qualifications and terms of office of the Governor.

  • The Governor must be a citizen of India and must have completed 35 years of age.

  • The Governor should not be a member of Parliament or State Legislature, and should not hold any other office of profit.

  • The position of Governor is envisaged as a political head who has to act on the advice of the Council of Ministers of the State.

Related Constitutional Articles

  • Article 153- Governors of states

  • Article 154- Executive power of state

  • Article 155- Appointment of Governor

  • Article 156- Term of office of Governor

  • Article 157- Qualifications for appointment as Governor

  • Article 158- Conditions of Governor’s office

  • Article 159- Oath or affirmation by the Governor

  • Article 160- Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies

  • Article 161- Power of the Governor to grant pardons and others

  • Article 162- Extent of executive power of state

  • Article 163- Council of ministers to aid and advise the Governor

By admin: Feb. 11, 2023

7. Govt appoints two new Supreme Court judges

Tags: Person in news National News

The Central Government has approved Justice Rajesh Bindal and Justice Arvind Kumar as judges of the Supreme Court.

An overview of the news

  • Chief Justice of Allahabad High Court Rajesh Bindal and Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court Arvind Kumar have been made judges of the Supreme Court.

  • The total number of judges in the Supreme Court has gone up to 34, which is also the sanctioned number of 34 judges.

  • On January 31, the six-member collegium of the Supreme Court sent the names of these two judges to the government for approval.

  • Earlier on December 13, 2022, the names of five judges were recommended. These five judges were sworn in as judges of the Supreme Court on 6 February.

  • These include the names of Rajasthan High Court Chief Justice Pankaj Mithal, Patna High Court Chief Justice Sanjay Karol, Manipur High Court Chief Justice PV Sanjay Kumar, Patna High Court Justice Ahsanuddin Amanullah and Allahabad High Court Justice Manoj Mishra.

  • Chief Justice of India DY Chandrachud has to finalise 19 judicial appointments in his tenure till November 2024.

By admin: Feb. 4, 2023

8. Collegium System: Supreme Court

Tags: National National News

Collegium System: Supreme Court

5 New Judges to be appointed Soon in the Supreme Court according to the Government of India. 

An overview of the news

  • The Supreme Court collegium led by Chief Justice of India D.Y. Chandrachud on December 13, 2022 recommended the names of five judges for appointment as apex court judges and three for elevation as Chief Justices (CJ) of High Courts (HC).

  • The five judges recommended to the government for appointment as Supreme Court judges are Rajasthan High Court Chief Justice Pankaj Mithal; Patna High Court Chief Justice Sanjay Karol; Manipur High Court Chief Justice P.V. Sanjay Kumar; Patna High Court judge Justice Ahsanuddin Amanullah; and Allahabad High Court judge Justice Manoj Misra.

  • Once the five take oath as judges of the Supreme Court, its working strength will go up to 32.

  • The sanctioned strength of the top court is 34, including the Chief Justice of India. Its present working strength is 27.

 Collegium System in India

  • The collegium system in India refers to the process of appointment and transfer of judges in the higher judiciary, which includes the Supreme Court and the High Courts.

  • Under this system, a collegium of the Chief Justice of India and four senior-most judges of the Supreme Court recommend appointments and transfers to the President of India, who has the power to make the appointments.

  • The system was established by a 1993 judgement of the Supreme Court and has been the subject of controversy and criticism.

  • Some have criticized it for lack of transparency and accountability, while others have defended it as necessary to ensure the independence of the judiciary.

National Judicial Appointments Commission

  • The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) was a proposed body in India that was intended to replace the existing collegium system for the appointment and transfer of judges to the higher judiciary.

  • The NJAC Act was passed by the Indian Parliament in 2014, but it was later struck down by the Supreme Court of India in 2015 on the grounds that it violated the basic structure of the Indian Constitution.

  • The court held that the NJAC Act sought to undermine the independence of the judiciary and the basic feature of separation of powers between the executive and the judiciary.

  • As a result, the collegium system was restored and continues to be used for the appointment of judges to the higher judiciary in India.

By admin: Jan. 26, 2023

9. Padma Awards 2023: Mulayam Yadav, Ustad Zakir Hussain, Dilip Mahalanabis among 6 awarded Padma Vibhushan

Tags: Awards

The Centre has announced the Padma Awards on the eve of Republic Day 26 January.

An overview of the news

  • Of the total 106 Padma Awards announced, six are Padma Vibhushan, nine are Padma Bhushan and 91 are Padma Shri.

  • Nineteen of the awardees are women. 

  • Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) pioneer Dilip Mahalanobis will be posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan in the field of medicine (paediatrics).

  • He pioneered the widespread use of ORS, which is believed to have saved more than five crore lives globally.

  • Former Samajwadi Party chief Mulayam Singh Yadav will be posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan in the public sector.

  • Tabla player Zakir Hussain will also be awarded the Padma Vibhushan.

  • Those who will be awarded the Padma Bhushan include Kannada novelist and screenwriter S L Bhairappa, industrialist Kumar Mangalam Birla and author and philanthropist Sudha Murthy.

  • The prominent names among Padma Shri awardees include stockbroker Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, Rasna founder Areez Khabatta, former union minister and Manipur BJP president Thounaojam Chaoba Singh, former Tripura minister and Indigenous Peoples Front of Tripura president Narendra Chandra Debbarma, RRR music composer M M Keeravani. 

  • Ghazal singers Ahmed Hussain and Mohd Hussain, and Bollywood actor Raveena Tandon are also among Padma Shri awardees.

Padma Vibhushan

  • Mulayam Singh Yadav (posthumously)

  • Balkrishna Doshi (posthumous)

  • Zakir hussain

  • SM Krishna

  • Dilip Mahalanabis (posthumous)

  • Srinivasa Vardhan

Padma Bhushan

  • SL Bhairappa

  • Kumar Mangalam Birla

  • Deepak Dhar

  • vani jairam

  • swami chinna jiyar

  • Suman Kalyanpur

  • Kapil Kapoor

  • Sudha Murthy

  • Kamlesh D Patel

Padma Shri

  • Sukma Acharya

  • Jodhaiyabai Baiga

  • Premjeet Baria

  • Usha Burle

  • Munishwar Chandawar

  • Hemant Chauhan

  • Bhanubhai Chitra

  • Hemoprova Chutiya

  • Narendra Chandra Debbarma (posthumous)

  • Subhadra Devi

  • Khadar Valli Dudekula

  • Hem Chandra Goswami

  • Pratikana Goswami

  • Radha Charan Gupta

  • Modadugu Vijay Gupta

  • Ahmed Hussain and Mohammad Hussain (pair)

  • Dilshad Hussain

  • Bhikhu Ramji Idate

  • C I Issac

  • Ratan Singh Jaggi

  • Bikram Bahadur Jamatia

  • ramkuiwangbe jane

  • Rakesh Radheshyam Jhunjhunwala (posthumous)

  • Ratan Chandra Kar

  • Mahipat Kavi

  • M M Keeravani

  • Arez Khambatta (posthumous)

  • Parshuram Komaji Khune

  • Ganesh Nagappa Krishnarajnagar

  • Maguni Charan Kunar

  • Anand Kumar

  • Arvind Kumar

  • Domar Singh Kunwar

  • Rising Bor Kurklang

  • Hirabai Lobi

  • Moolchand Lodha

  • rani machaiya

  • Ajay Kumar Mandavi

  • Prabhakar Bhanudas Mande

  • Gajanan Jagannath Mane

  • Antaryami Mishra

  • Nadoja Pindipapanahalli Munivenkatappa

  • Pro. (Dr.) Mahendra Pal

  • Uma Shankar Pandey

  • Ramesh Parmar and Shanti Parmar (Pair)

  • Nalini Parthasarathy

  • Hanumantha Rao Pasupuleti

  • Ramesh Kites

  • Krishna Patel

  • K Kalyanasundaram Pillai

  • V P Appukuttan Poduval

  • Kapil Dev Prasad

  • S R D Prasad

  • Shah Rashid Ahmed Qadri

  • C V Raju

  • Bakshi Ram

  • Raman of Cheruvayal

  • Sujata Ramadorai

  • Abbareddy Nageswara Rao

  • Pareshbhai Rathwa

  • B Ramakrishna Reddy

  • Mangala Kanti Rai

  • K C Runremsangi

  • Vadivel Gopal and Masi Sadaiyan (Pair)

  • Manoranjan Sahu

  • payat sahu

  • Ritwik Sanyal

  • Kota Satchidananda Shastri

  • Shankurtri Chandra Shekhar

  • K Shanathoiba Sharma

  • Nekram Sharma

  • Gurcharan Singh

  • Lakshman Singh

  • Mohan Singh

  • Thounaojam Chauba Singh

  • Prakash Chandra Sood

  • Nihunuo Sorhi

  • Dr. Janam Singh Soy

  • Kushok Thiksey Nawang Chamba Stanzin

  • S Subbaraman

  • moa subong

  • Palam Kalyana Sundaram

  • Raveena Ravi Tandon

  • Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari

  • Dhaniram Toto

  • Tula Ram Upreti

  • Gopalasamy Veluchamy

  • Ishwar Chand Verma

  • Coomi Nariman Wadia

  • Karma Wangchu (posthumous)

  • Ghulam Muhammad Jazz

By admin: Jan. 21, 2023

10. Foundation Day of Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura

Tags: State News Important Days

The foundation day of the three northeastern states Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya is being celebrated on 21st January.

An overview of the news

  • Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya were granted full statehood on January 21, 1972 under the North Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.

Merger of Manipur with India:

  • Manipur became a part of India from 15 October 1949 after the merger treaty on 21 September 1949.

  • Manipur was made a Union Territory in 1956.

Merger of Tripura with India:

  • Tripura was a princely state until its merger with the Indian Union on 15 November 1949.

  • After the death of Bir Bikram Singh, the last Maharaja of Tripura on 17 May 1947, Maharani Kanchan Prabha (wife of Maharaja Bir Bikram) represented the state of Tripura and merged it with India.

Merger of Meghalaya with India:

  • The rulers of the Garo and Khasi regions acceded to the Indian Union in the year 1947.

  • Meghalaya was created as an autonomous state within Assam under the Assam Reorganisation (Meghalaya) Act, 1969.