Current Affairs search results for tag: important-days
By admin: Sept. 11, 2023

1. World Suicide Prevention Day - 10 September

Tags: Important Days

World Suicide Prevention Day is observed every year on 10 September.

An Overview of the News

  • Suicide is a significant public health concern with wide-ranging social, emotional, and economic impacts.

  • Globally, there are more than 700,000 suicides each year, and the impact of each suicide spreads to many others.

Triennial Theme of World Suicide Prevention Day:

  • The triennial theme of World Suicide Prevention Day, running from 2021 to 2023, is "Creating Hope Through Action".

  • The theme serves as a compelling call to action and emphasizes that alternatives to suicide exist.

  • Through our actions, we can create hope and strengthen suicide prevention efforts.

  • Creating hope through action communicates our care and support to individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts.

History of World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD):

  • It was founded in 2003 by the International Association for Suicide Prevention in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO).

  • This annual festival is celebrated on 10 September each year and its primary objectives include reducing the stigma associated with suicide and raising awareness in various sectors such as organizations, governments, and the general public.

  • The overarching message of WSPD is that suicides are preventable while emphasizing the importance of proactive measures and support.

By admin: Sept. 9, 2023

2. World Physiotherapy Day - 8 September

Tags: Important Days

World Physiotherapy Day is celebrated every year on 8 September.

An Overview of the News

  • The theme of World Physiotherapy Day 2023 is "Prevention and Management of Osteoarthritis".

  • This theme emphasizes the role of physiotherapists in preventing and managing osteoarthritis and highlights two types of inflammatory arthritis: rheumatoid arthritis and axial spondyloarthritis.

History of World Physiotherapy Day:-

  • World Physical Therapy Day was established in 1996 by the World Confederation for Physical Therapy.

  • 8 September was specifically chosen to celebrate this day because of its historical significance. On this day in 1951, the World Confederation for Physical Therapy was born.

  • The name of the organization changed and is now called World Physiotherapy.

By admin: Sept. 8, 2023

3. International Literacy Day - 8 September

Tags: Important Days

International Literacy Day is celebrated every year on 8 September.

An Overview of the News

  • The day aims to highlight the importance of literacy for human rights, dignity, and the development of sustainable societies.

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is responsible for overseeing and promoting International Literacy Day.

The theme of 2023:

  • The theme for International Literacy Day 2023 is ‘Promoting literacy for a world in transition: Building the foundation for sustainable and peaceful societies’.

  • Literacy Day is celebrated at various levels including global, regional, national and local.

Global Programme:

  • A conference, both in person and online, will be held in Paris, France on September 8, 2023, as part of the global celebration.

UNESCO International Literacy Award:

  • During the global event, outstanding literacy promotion programs will be recognized by conferring UNESCO International Literacy Awards.

History of International Literacy Day:-

  • UNESCO introduced International Literacy Day in 1966 at its 14th General Conference.

  • The first International Literacy Day was celebrated in 1967.

  • The official date of International Literacy Day is 26 October, which was established during the 1966 UNESCO conference.

  • The primary goal of this day is to highlight the importance of literacy for individuals, communities and society.

  • Literacy is seen as the foundation of a well-educated and productive society.

By admin: Sept. 7, 2023

4. "International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies" - 7 September

Tags: Important Days

“International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies” is observed annually on 7 September.

An Overview of the News

  • The day is dedicated to recognizing the vital importance of clean air for people's well-being and daily life.

The theme of 2023:

  • The theme of the fourth annual International Day of Clean Air for blue skies in 2023 is "Together for Clean Air".

  • This theme serves multiple objectives: strengthening partnerships, increasing investment, shared responsibility, impacts on health and ecosystems, protecting the environment, ensuring healthy air for all

History of "International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies"

  • Resolution 74/212 of January 22, 2020, established September 7 as the "International Day of Clean Air for Blue Skies".

  • The Second Committee of the 74th session of the United Nations General Assembly passed the resolution on November 26, 2019.

  • The purpose of this day is to promote awareness and actions to improve air quality.

  • Its central focus is on reducing air pollution to protect human health.

By admin: Sept. 5, 2023

5. National Teacher Award 2023 to be awarded to outstanding teachers by the President of India

Tags: Important Days

The President of India Draupadi Murmu will confer the National Awards to Teachers 2023 to 75 teachers on September 5, 2023, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.

An Overview of the News

  • The event is organized annually on 5th September, the birthday of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, which is celebrated as National Teachers' Day in India.

  • The objective of the National Teacher Awards is to acknowledge and celebrate the extraordinary contribution of teachers to education and the positive impact they have on the lives of students.

Reward Benefits:

  • Each award includes a certificate of merit.

  • Cash prize of Rs. 50,000.

  • A silver medal.

  • Opportunity to interact with the Honorable Prime Minister.

Extent of Award Area:

  • The Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education organizes this event to honor outstanding teachers.

  • This year the National Award to Teachers has been expanded to include the following teachers:

    • Higher Education Department

    • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

Number of award winners:

  • A total of 75 teachers will be honored in 2023:

    • 50 school teachers

    • 13 Higher Education Teacher

    • 12 teachers from the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

History of Teacher's Day in India:

  • In 1962, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan became the President of India.

  • His students approached him to celebrate 5 September as a special day.

  • Instead, Dr. Radhakrishnan proposed to celebrate this date as Teachers' Day.

  • Its objective was to recognize and honor the valuable contribution of teachers to society.

  • While the global World Teachers' Day falls on 5 October and is led by organizations like UNESCO, UNICEF, and ILO, India decided to celebrate it on 5 September.

  • Dr. Radhakrishnan's students accepted his suggestion and since then 5th September has been celebrated as Teacher's Day in India.

By admin: Aug. 31, 2023

6. World Sanskrit Day - 31 August

Tags: Important Days

World Sanskrit Day is celebrated annually on 31 August, an occasion dedicated to celebrating the importance of Sanskrit.

An Overview of the News

  • The day serves as an opportunity to spread awareness about the language that was used by scholars and saints in ancient India to compose revered texts, especially those related to religious teachings and philosophy.

Alternate name - Vishva-Sanskrit-dinam:

  • Also known as Vishva-Sanskrit-Dinam, this day is an annual event focusing on the ancient Indian language Sanskrit.

  • It consists of lectures about the language and aims to promote its revival and preservation.

History of World Sanskrit Day

  • It started in 1969 when the Government of India started its establishment.

  • This day honors the contribution of Panini to Sanskrit language and linguistics.

  • It coincides with the birth anniversary of Panini, which emphasizes the purpose of the celebration.

  • The event has gained global recognition, bringing together Sanskrit scholars and enthusiasts from around the world.

By admin: Aug. 29, 2023

7. National Sports Day - 29 August

Tags: Important Days

National Sports Day in India is celebrated every year on 29 August.

An Overview of the News

  • The day commemorates the enduring legacy of Major Dhyan Chand, the great Indian hockey player.

  • It serves as a tribute to the extraordinary achievements of athletes and their influence in shaping society.

  • The theme for this year's National Sports Day celebrations is "Sports are an enabler to an inclusive and fit society".

  • People can participate in the celebration by using the hashtag #NationalSportsDay in their social media posts.

History of National Sports Day

  • The National Sports Day celebrated in India is based on the birth of Major Dhyan Chand, an eminent sports personality known for his hockey excellence.

  • Major Dhyan Chand was born on August 29, 1905, and started his career in the British Indian Army Regimental Team.

  • Due to his remarkable skill, India won three consecutive Olympic gold medals in hockey in 1928, 1932 and 1936.

  • In 2012, the Government of India declared Major Dhyan Chand's birthday as National Sports Day to honor his unique contribution to sports.

  • The primary goal of this declaration was toinspire future generations and emphasize the importance of promoting sports and physical fitness among all strata of society.

By admin: Aug. 25, 2023

8. Women's Equality Day - 26 August

Tags: Important Days

Women's Equality Day is celebrated every year on 26 August.

An Overview of the News

  • The day acknowledges the ongoing global struggle for equal rights and opportunities for women.

  • It serves as a tribute to the universal suffrage movement and celebrates the progress of women.

  • The day reinforces the commitment to achieve gender equality at the global level.

The theme of Women's Equality Day 2023:

  • The theme for Women's Equality Day 2023 is "Embrace Equality".

  • This theme is in line with the Strategic Plan from 2021 to 2026.

  • "Embracing Equality" underscores the importance of achieving gender equality.

  • Gender equality is seen not only as a driver of economic development but also as a fundamental human right.

History of Women's Equality Day

  • It begins with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the US Constitution, which gives women the right to vote.

  • Its importance is attached to 26 August 1970, which celebrated the 50th anniversary of this important amendment.

  • The National Organization for Women (NOW) took advantage of this opportunity by advocating a "strike for equality".

  • More than 100,000 women participated in strikes organized by NOW in more than 90 major US cities.

  • The wide participation in the strike highlighted the importance of continuing efforts toward gender equality.

  • In 1971, the US Congress officially established Women's Equality Day to honor the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment and the ongoing pursuit of full women's rights.

By admin: Aug. 23, 2023

9. World Water Week - 20 to 24 August

Tags: Important Days

World Water Week, a global event organized annually by the Stockholm International Water Institute since 1991, will take place at the Waterfront Congress Center from 20 to 24 August.

An Overview of the News

  • This non-profit event serves as a platform to address the global water crisis and various related challenges.

  • It aims to develop solutions to the international water crisis (along with many other problems).

  • Water, an important natural resource, plays an important role in our daily activities like drinking and cleaning. Therefore its conservation is very important.

  • The theme for World Water Week 2023 is "Seeds of Change: Innovative Solutions for a Water-Wise World," The theme encourages a re-evaluation of water management practices and emphasizes the need for new ideas, innovations, and effective governance systems in the face of increasing water scarcity, and instability around the world.

History of World Water Week

  • World Water Week is a recurring global event that has taken place every year since its inception in 1991.

  • The event is organized by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), a non-profit organization committed to advocating for sustainable water solutions.

  • The first World Water Week was held in 1991 in Stockholm, Sweden.

  • The theme of the opening ceremony was "Water: An Imminent Crisis."

  • The event brought together water experts and professionals from around the world to discuss and address challenges related to water scarcity and pollution.

  • Since its inception, World Water Week has been held continuously in Stockholm.

  • The event serves as an important platform for international stakeholders to engage in discussion, knowledge-sharing, and collaborative efforts to tackle various water-related issues.

By admin: Aug. 1, 2023

10. Muslim Women's Rights Day - 1 August

Tags: Important Days

Muslim Women's Rights Day is observed annually on 1 August to mark the second anniversary of the enactment of the law against triple talaq.

An Overview of the News

  • A law against triple talaq was introduced by the central government of India on August 1, 2019, making the practice a criminal offence.

  • The legislation is a part of the Protection of Rights on Marriage Act 2019, which outlaws instant triple talaq and protects the marriage rights of Muslim women.

  • By celebrating Muslim Women's Rights Day, the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs highlights the importance of protecting the rights of Muslim women and promotes awareness about the impact of the law.

History of Muslim Women's Rights Day

  • The Supreme Court in August 2017 declared the practice of triple talaq, a form of divorce based on the husband saying talaq three times in succession, as 'unconstitutional'.

  • In response to the Supreme Court ruling and the triple talaq cases in India, the government introduced the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill in Parliament in December 2017.

  • The bill was initially passed by the Lok Sabha, but faced opposition in the Rajya Sabha, due to which it stalled.

  • The bill was reintroduced and successfully passed by both the Houses of Parliament in July 2019.

  • The bill got assent from President Ram Nath Kovind and officially became a law.

  • The law outlaws instant triple talaq, punishes three years' imprisonment for violations, and imposes a fine on the violator.

  • Muslim Women's Rights Day is observed on 1 August to mark the passage of the Triple Talaq Bill in Parliament on 1 August 2019.

  • The cases of 'Shah Bano Begum and others v. Mohd. Ahmed Khan' and 'Shayra Bano v. Union of India and others' laid the foundation for this move.

  • Shayra Banu in her writ petition sought the Supreme Court to declare the practices of Talaq-e-bidat, polygamy and nikah-halala as unconstitutional.