Current Affairs search results for tag: popular
By admin: July 11, 2022

1. India will surpass China as the most populous country on earth in 2023: UN

Tags: Popular International News

According to a report by the United Nations released on 11 July India will surpass China as the most populous country on earth in 2023.

  • Important facts

  • The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Population Division has said that the global population is projected to reach eight billion on November 15, 2022.

  • As per a UN report, the world's population is growing at its slowest pace since 1950. It has fallen under 1% in 2020.

  • According to the United Nations the world’s population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030 and 9.7 billion in 2050.

  • This year's World Population Day, July 11, marks a milestone, when the birth of the eight billionth person on Earth is expected.

  • More than half of the projected growth in global population by 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania.

  • India’s population in 2022

  • According to the report, India's population is 1.412 billion in 2022 as compared to China's 1.426 billion.

  • India, which will overtake China as the world's most populous country by 2023, is projected to have 1.668 billion people in 2050, far ahead of China's 1.317 billion people by the middle of the century.

  • World’s most populous regions in 2022

  • The world's two most populous regions in 2022 were East and South-East Asia, with 2.3 billion people, representing 29% of the global population.

  • Central and Southern Asia, with 2.1 billion, account for 26% of the world's population in 2022.

  • With a population of over 1.4 billion in 2022, China and India account for the largest populations in these regions.

  • Outflow of more than 1 million migrants

  • It is estimated that ten countries experienced a net outflow of more than 1 million migrants between 2010 and 2021.

  • In many of these countries, these outflows were due to temporary workers leaving their country.

  • Pakistan (net outflow of -16.5 million during 2010-2021), India (-3.5 million), Bangladesh (-2.9 million), Nepal (-1.6 million) and Sri Lanka (-1 million).

  • Projections of Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)

  • Alternative long-term population estimates have also been made by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).

  • In its recent projections, IHME projected that the global population will reach 8.8 billion in 2100.

By admin: July 11, 2022

2. INS Vikrant successfully completes 4th phase of sea trials

Tags: Popular Defence

India's first indigenous aircraft carrier (IAC) Vikrant successfully completed the fourth phase of sea trials on 10 July before being inducted into the Indian Navy next month.

  • INS Vikrant

  • INS Vikrant (IAC-I) is the first aircraft carrier built in India by Cochin Shipyard (CSL) in Kochi, Kerala for the Indian Navy. 

  • It is the first Vikrant-class aircraft carrier.

  • It is also known as the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier 1 or IAC-1.

  • INS Vikrant can carry a total of 30 aircraft (fighters and helicopters).

  • It is powered by four gas turbines and can reach speeds of 30 knots (about 55 kmph).

  • Its endurance is 7,500 knots at a speed of 18 knots (32 kph).

  • The shipborne weapons include Barak LR SAM and AK-630, while it has MFSTAR and RAN-40L 3D radars as sensors. 

  • The ship is largely based on Russian technology.

  • The aircraft carrier, built at a cost of around Rs 23,000 crore. 

  • The warship is ready to operate MiG-29K fighter jets, Kamov-31 helicopters and MH-60R multi-role helicopters.

  • It is 262 metres long, 62 metres wide and it has a height of 59 metres. Its construction began in 2009.

By admin: July 9, 2022

3. NMA recommends two sites connected to Ambedkar to be declared as monuments of national importance

Tags: Popular National News

The National Monuments Authority (NMA) on July 9 has recommended the declaration of two sites associated with BR Ambedkar in Gujarat and Maharashtra as monuments of national importance.

  • These recommendations have been placed before Minister of State for Culture Arjun Ram Meghwal by the National Monuments Authority.

  • Name the two sites

  1. Sankalp Bhumi banyan tree campus

It is located in Vadodara, Gujrat where Dr. Ambedkar had taken a resolve to eradicate untouchability on 23th September, 1917. 

The site is more than a hundred years old and witnesses the beginning of the social respect revolution initiated by Ambedkar, who is regarded as the architect of the Constitution of India.

     2. PratapRao Bhosale High School, Satara, Maharashtra

         Dr Ambedkar received his primary education in PratapRao Bhosale     High School.

         This school is under Satara Zilla Parishad and presently the condition of the school is dilapidated.

         The school's register still shows the signature of a student, Bhim Rao, in Marathi.

  • National Monuments Authority (NMA) 

  • Established - in 2010 

  • Ministry - Union Ministry of Culture

  • Established under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010

  • Composition - a Chairperson and up to 5 Whole Time and 5 Part Time Members and a Member Secretary

  • The Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is its ex-officio member.

  • Headquarters - New Delhi 

By admin: July 8, 2022

4. Akasa Air Airlines gets Air Operator Certificate

Tags: Popular National News

The country's newest airline Akasa Air has received the Air Operator Certificate (AOC) from aviation regulator Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) on 7 July to start its commercial operations.

  • Important facts

  • The AOC Certificate signifies the airline's operational readiness to satisfactorily meet all regulatory and compliance requirements.

  • Under the supervision of DGCA, the airline concluded the process with a number of flights proving to be successfully operated.

  • The airline, backed by stock market investor Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, took delivery of its first Boeing 737 MAX aircraft in India on June 21.

  • Akasa Air is the first airline in India whose end-to-end AOC process was conducted using the government's progressive EGCA digital platform.

  • It will commence commercial operations at the end in July 2022. 

  • By the end of the financial year 2022-23, the airline will have 18 aircraft and after that, 12-14 aircraft will be added per year. 

  • Last November, Akasa Air announced the order for 72 '737 MAX' aircraft from Boeing.

  • Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) 

  • It is a statutory body and formed under the Aircraft (Amendment) Bill, 2020.

  • It investigates aviation accidents and enforces all regulations related to aviation.

  • It registers and provides certificates to civil aircrafts.

  • It is attached to the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India.

  • It coordinates all regulatory functions with the International Civil Aviation Organisation.

By admin: July 8, 2022

5. Centre to promote dragon fruit cultivation in 50,000 hectares

Tags: Popular National News

Following in the footsteps of the Gujarat and Haryana governments, the Center has decided to promote the cultivation of dragon fruit, which is known as "super fruit" for its health benefits.

  • The centre is planning to expand dragon fruit cultivation in India considering nutritional values, cost-effectiveness and global demand.

  • Currently, this exotic fruit is being cultivated in India in 3,000 hectares, which is planned to be increased to 50,000 hectares in five years.

  • About dragon fruit (Kamalam)

  • Dragon fruit originated in Central and South America and has also spread to Asian countries.

  • It is the fruit of a species of wild cactus indigenous to South and Central America. 

  • It is also called pitaya or pitahaya.

  • It belongs to the cacti family.

  • The fruit is fleshy with tiny black seeds.

  • The inner part of the fruit is consumed while the outer part is discarded.

  • The plant grows nearly five to six feet in height during which time it requires support.

  • Cultivation of Dragon fruit  

  • Dragon fruit is also cultivated in Thailand, Taiwan, China, Australia, Israel, and Sri Lanka apart from its native Latin America.

  • It was introduced to India in the 1990s, and is grown in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

  • It is grown in all types of soil and does not require much water.

  • At present, Mizoram is at the forefront in the states cultivating this fruit.

  • The export of the fruit has made a huge contribution to Vietnam’s GDP. 

  • All the states of India except the cold regions are suitable for dragon fruit plants.

  • Nutritional benefit 

  • It is considered beneficial for diabetic patients, is low in calories and is rich in nutrients like iron, calcium, potassium and zinc.

  • It is rich in Vitamin C and is believed to be helpful in improving the platelet count during infectious diseases.

  • Farmers benefit

  • It doesn’t need much water and can be cultivated on dry land.

  • It gives maximum production from non-productive, less fertile areas. 

  • This is beneficial for a lot of farmers.

By admin: July 7, 2022

6. PT Usha, Ilaiyaraaja, V Vijayendra Prasad, and Veerendra Heggade nominated to Rajya Sabha

Tags: Popular National News

Music maestro Ilaiyaraaja, sports icon PT Usha, screenwriter V Vijayendra Prasad and philanthropist and spiritual leader Virendra Hegde were nominated to the Rajya Sabha on 6 July.

  • The nominations were made after the term of Rajya Sabha of Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi of BJP and RCP Singh of JD(U) ended.

  • Ilaiyaraja

  • Ilaiyaraja is from Tamil Nadu. 

  • In a career spanning nearly five decades, Ilaiyaraaja has composed songs in several Indian languages and won several awards.

  • He has won national awards five times. In 2010, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan and in 2018 the Padma Vibhushan.

  • PT Usha

  • Usha, born in Kozhikode in Kerala, is India’s best known track and field athlete.

  • She also runs the Usha School of Athletics for training young athletes in the sport.

  • He has won 11 medals at the Asian Games, including four golds at the 1986 Seoul Games.

  • She has been awarded the Arjuna Award and Padma Shri in the past.

  • V Vijayendra Prasad

  • He is from Telangana. 

  • He is Telugu cinema’s leading screenwriter.

  • He has been associated with the creative world for many decades.

  • His works showcase India’s glorious culture and have made a mark globally.

  • Sivaji Ganesan (1982-86), Vyjayantimala Bali (1993-99) and S Ramaswamy (1999-2005) are the other Tamil film personalities who have served as nominated members of the Rajya Sabha.

  • Veerendra Heggade

  • He is from Karnataka.

  • He has been the ‘Dharmadhikari’ (custodian) of the Dharmasthala temple in Karnataka from the age of 20. 

  • He established the Institute of Rural Development and Self-Employment Training to provide awareness about self-employment opportunities and to train rural youth.

  • He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in the year 2015.

  • Nomination of Rajya Sabha members by the President

  • Of the 245 members of the Rajya Sabha, 12 are nominated by the President on the recommendation of the government.

  • They are nominated under Article 80(3) of the Constitution.

  • As per Article 80(3) they should have special knowledge or practical experience in matters like literature, science, art and social service.

  • A nominated member is allowed to join a political party within the first six months of taking membership.

By admin: July 6, 2022

7. CBSE has launched the Pariksha Sangam portal

Tags: Popular National News

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has launched the Pariksha Sangam portal for the convenience of the students.

  • Pariksha Sangam will provide at one place various examination related procedures to be conducted by the School Regional Offices and CBSE Headquarters.

  • It has 3 parts – School (Ganga), Regional Office (Yamuna) and Head Office (Saraswati).

  • Here complete information will be given from the registration of the student to the declaration of the board's examination results.

  • Almost all the processes of CBSE are online which is going on through various portals. Now all these activities will be integrated in the Pariksha Sangam portal by CBSE.

  • Students will be able to register their request for revaluation, photocopy of answer sheets through this portal.

  • Apart from all this, this portal will also be used in the registration process of class 9th and 11th.

  • About Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE)

  • The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a national level board of education in India for public and private schools, controlled and managed by the Government of India.

  • The first education board to be set up in India was the Uttar Pradesh Board of High School and Intermediate Education in 1921

  • Formation- 2 July 1929

  • Headquarters- New Delhi

  • Chairperson- Nidhi Chibber

By admin: July 6, 2022

8. Odisha tops first national food security ranking, Tripura best among smaller states

Tags: Popular National News

Union Food Minister Piyush Goyal released on 5 July the first State Ranking Index for implementation of the National Food Security Act, 2013.

  • Odisha has been placed at the top position in the 'State Ranking Index for NFSA' among the general category states.

  • In the ranking, Uttar Pradesh is second and Andhra Pradesh is at third position.

  • Tripura ranks first among special category states/UTs followed by Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim respectively.

  • In addition, among the 3 union territories where Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT)-cash driven, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu are in top position.

  • Three key pillars for ranking

  • The index for ranking of states and union territories is built on three major pillars-

  1. NFSA - Coverage, Targeting and Provisions of the Act

  2. Delivery platform

  3. nutritional initiatives

  • These pillars cover end-to-end implementation of NFSA through TPDS.

  • State Ranking Index for NFSA

  • It attempts to document the status and progress of implementation of NFSA across the country and various reform initiatives in consultation with the states.

  • It highlights the reforms undertaken by States and UTs and creates a cross-learning environment and scale-up reform measures by all States and UTs.

  • The index largely focuses on NFSA distribution and will include future buyouts, PMGKAY distributions.

  • National Food Security Act (NFSA)

  • It was enacted on July 5, 2013.

  • NFSA provides a legal right to persons belonging to "eligible households" to receive food grains at subsidized prices under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).

  • It provides rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg and coarse grain at Re 1/kg under the TPDS.

  • Overall, the NFSA caters to 67% of the total population.

  • It is responsible for the provision of subsidized food grains to 75% of the rural population and 50% of the urban population of all states and union territories.

  • The Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS), Public Distribution System (PDS), and Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) are covered under this Act.

By admin: July 5, 2022

9. Airports Authority of India inks pact with UP government to operate 5 airports

Tags: Popular National News

The Airports Authority of India has signed an operation and management agreement to operate five airports owned by the UP government for a period of 30 years.

  • These five airports are Aligarh, Azamgarh, Chitrakoot, Mirpur and Shravasti.

  • The airport will be developed by the state government and will be operated and managed by the Airports Authority of India as a service provider.

  • In the presence of Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath, a letter of agreement (MoU) was exchanged between Additional Chief Secretary of Civil Aviation Department SP Goyal and AAI President AK Pathak.

  • The communication navigation monitoring services will also be provided by the Airports Authority of India, for which the state government will enter into a separate agreement.

  • After the MoU, now the process of licensing of these airports will be done and soon all the five airports will start air service.

  • About Airports Authority of India 

  • Airports Authority of India is an organisation/authority functioning under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India.

  • The Airports Authority of India (AAI) manages a total of 125 airports which include 11 international airports, 8 customs airports, 81 domestic airports and 25 civil enclaves in defence airfields.

  • Established- 1st April, 1995

  • President- Sanjeev Kumar

  • Headquarters - New Delhi

By admin: July 5, 2022

10. Saving Chenkurinji from climate change

Tags: Popular National News

Chenkurinji (Gluta travancorica) is a species endemic to the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve. Its numbers are continuously decreasing due to climate change.

  • About Chenkurinji tree

  • It belongs to the Anacardiaceae family.

  • This tree was once found in abundance in the hills of the southern parts of Aryankavu Pass, Kollam district (Kerala), but over the years its presence is rapidly decreasing from this area.

  • It is susceptible to climate change and the current status of these species is poor due to low regeneration.

  • There are sufficient numbers of these trees but most of them are not productive, thereby creating a negative trend in its population.

  • Flowering and fruiting rates are very poor in most trees.

  • Medicinal properties of the tree

  • It has medicinal properties and is used to lower blood pressure and treat arthritis.

  • The forest department has launched a 'Save Chenkurinji' campaign.