Current Affairs search results for tag: important-days
By admin: April 23, 2022

1. World Book and Copyright Day 2022

Tags: Important Days

To raise awareness about the benefits of reading books, World Book Day, also known as World Book and Copyright Day 2022, is observed every year on 23 April.

  • This day is specially celebrated to show the importance of reading, writing, translating, publishing and copyright of books.

  • This annual event is organised by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).

  • The theme of the Day in 2022 is 'Read, so you never feel low'.

  • Guadalajara’s Mexican city has been selected as the World Book Capital for 2022.

  • History of the day

  • World Book Day has been celebrated every year since 1995.

  • The date holds a special significance as it marks the death anniversaries of two of the world's great writers William Shakespeare and well-known Spanish chronicler Inca Garcilaso de la Vega.

By admin: April 22, 2022

2. National Civil Services Day

Tags: Important Days

National Civil Services Day is celebrated every year on 21st April.

  • On this day, officers of the Central and State Governments are honoured by the Prime Minister of India for their exceptional service in the field of public administration.

  • The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country.

  • Civil servants are responsible for the successful implementation of all government policies and schemes.

  • It includes (IAS) Indian Administrative Services, (IPS) Indian Police Services, (IFS) Indian Foreign Services, Central Group A and Group B Services.

  • History of the day 

  • Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, the first Home Minister of India, inaugurated the All India Services on April 21, 1947.

  • The previous Indian Civil Services under British India at that time were changed into All India Services under full Indian control.

  • He delivered the speech at the All India Administrative Services Training School at Metcalfe House, Delhi. In his speech he called the civil servants the 'steel frame of India'.

  • About Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

  • He is known as the Iron Man of India.

  • He was an Indian barrister and a part of the Congress during the freedom struggle.

  • He was First Deputy PM, first Minister of Home Affairs, first Minister of Information and first Minister of States.

  • He played an important role in the integration and political unification of India.

  • The Statue of Unity (182 m), the world's tallest statue, is a tribute to him.

By admin: April 22, 2022

3. World Earth Day 2022

Tags: Important Days

World Earth Day, also known as International Mother Earth Day, is observed every year on 22 April.

  • On this day countries around the world come together to create awareness about the need to protect the environment.

  • The day focuses on the global climate crisis which is getting worse with each passing day.

  • On this special day, we emphasise growing environmental problems, including overpopulation, ozone layer depletion, loss of biodiversity, and increasing pollution.

  • The celebration of World Earth Day on 22 April is important because around this date spring comes in the Northern Hemisphere and autumn in the Southern Hemisphere.

  • Since the weather is also good during this time, it is more pleasant to celebrate the Earth Day.

  • The theme of Earth Day 2022 -  to ‘Invest in our planet’.

  • History of Earth Day

  • Earth Day was first celebrated on 22 April 1970.

  • It was during the UNESCO conference in San Francisco that peace activist John MacConnell proposed to honour Mother Earth and the concept of peace.

  • US Senator Gaylord Nelson proposed a nationwide environmental knowledge event on April 22, 1970, later renamed 'Earth Day'.

  • To raise awareness about climate change on Earth Day, Google has created a series of animations of four locations.

By admin: April 18, 2022

4. World Heritage Day

Tags: Important Days

Every year, World Heritage Day is celebrated on April 18 in order to spread awareness about the dying cultures and natural heritage around the globe. 

  • The theme for World Heritage Day 2022 is "Heritage and Climate".

  • It is decided by the International Council on Monuments and Sites every year.

  • This year’s theme offers a platform to respond to questions of climate change and equity to protect heritage in the background of climate justice.

  • Last year’s theme for World Heritage Day 2021 was “Complex Pasts: Diverse Futures.” 

  • During a seminar in Tunisia, the International Council of Mountains and Sights suggested celebrating World Heritage Day on April 18, 1982.

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) approved it in 1983.

  • World Heritage Day was started in 1983.

By admin: April 18, 2022

5. World Haemophilia Day

Tags: Important Days

World Haemophilia Day is celebrated on April 17 every year.

  • The aim of the day is to increase awareness about haemophilia and other inherited bleeding disorders.

  • World Haemophilia Day was started in 1989 by the World Federation of Haemophilia (WFH).

  • The day is celebrated in the honour of Frank Schnabel, founder of the World Federation of Haemophilia (WHF).

  • The theme of the year 2022 is 'Access to all'.

  • What Is Haemophilia?

–Haemophilia is a sex-linked recessive disease, in which a single  cut in an affected individual will result in non-stop bleeding. 

–A sex-linked disease is one which is passed down through families through one of the X or Y chromosomes, which are sex chromosomes. 

–Sex-linked recessive diseases most often refer to X-linked recessive diseases.

By admin: April 18, 2022

6. International Water Week 2022

Tags: Important Days

The Singapore International Water Week (SIWW) 2022 will be held from 17 to 21 April 2022 at the Sands Expo & Convention Centre in Singapore.

  • On behalf of India, Director General of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) G. Ashok Kumar participated in water week.

  • A presentation was made by India on 'Status of Wastewater generation, Treatment and Management in India: Success through NMCG Initiatives'.

  • Kumar spoke in the Hot Issue Workshop hosted by NMCG on 17th April on ‘Sustainable Wastewater Management in Developing Countries: An Innovative Indian Approach in River Rejuvenation’ under theme 3 of the Water Convention.

  • About Singapore International Water Week

–It is a global platform for sharing and co-creating innovative water solutions. 

–The biennial event gathers stakeholders from the global water industry to share best practices, showcase the latest technologies, and tap into business opportunities.

By admin: April 14, 2022

7. World Chagas disease day

Tags: Important Days

To focus attention on the threat of Chagas disease, the World Health Organisation started celebrating 14 April as World Chagas Disease Day from the year 2020.

  • Chagas disease or American trypanosomiasis is a potentially life-threatening disease caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi.

  • It is also known as "silent disease". It is mainly found in poor people who have less access to health facilities or are deprived of it.

  • Theme of 2022: Finding and reporting every case to defeat Chagas disease.

  • Initially this disease was recorded in Latin America but now it is found in many parts of the world.

Important facts :

WHO established: 7 April 1948;

WHO Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland;

Director-General of WHO: Tadros Adarnom Ghebreyesus (Ethiopia);

By admin: March 25, 2022

8. October 5 designated as National Dolphin Day

Tags: Important Days

Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Shri Bhupendra Yadav informed that October 5th is designated as National Dolphin Day to be celebrated every year as a historic step in creating awareness for conservation of Dolphins

The decision was taken in the 67th meeting of the Standing Committee of the National Board for Wild Life.

In India, mostly Gangetic dolphins, a species of freshwater dolphins, are sighted in long deep river reaches in Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

Gangetic river dolphins were declared national aquatic species in 2010.

By admin: March 25, 2022

9. International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade

Tags: Important Days

Every year, March 25 is observed as  International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade. It was first observed in 2008. 

  • Transatlantic slave trade refres to the 10 million to 12 million African men and women who captured in Africa and were transported by the Europeans as slave across the Atlantic ocean to the Americas from the 16th to the 19th century. 

  • 2022 Theme: “Stories of Courage: Resistance to Slavery and Unity against Racism”.

By admin: March 24, 2022

10. World Tuberculosis (TB) Day

Tags: Important Days

Every year March 24 is observed as World Tuberculosis Day in the world. 

On this day in 1882, Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis that causes TB.

Theme of the World Tuberculosis Day 2022 : ‘Invest to End TB. Save Lives.

TB is an infectious disease which spreads through air and it affects the lungs.

Robert Koch 

German Physician Robert Koch, is considered to be the  founder of modern bacteriology. He is known for his role in identifying the specific causative agents of tuberculosis, cholera, and anthrax and for giving experimental support for the concept of infectious disease.

Important for Exam 

  • India has the largest population of TB patients in the world. According to the World Health Organisation 26% of TB cases in the world in 2020 was reported from India .

  • The Indian Government has set a target to eliminate TB in India by 2025.

  • The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include ending the TB epidemic by 2030 under Goal 3.