Current Affairs search results for tag: government-schemes
By admin: Oct. 13, 2022

1. IMF lauds DBT scheme, calls it 'logistic marvel'

Tags: Economy/Finance Government Schemes

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) on 12 October 2022 lauded the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Scheme in India and described it as a "logistical miracle" considering the country's sheer size.

Important facts

  • The International Monetary Fund's deputy director, Paolo Mauro, said India's plan is a "logistic marvel that has helped hundreds of millions of low-income people".

  • He said that countries across the world should learn from the DBT scheme as it is very impressive.

  • He said that this program is specially targeted towards women, elderly and farmers and the technological innovation involved is commendable.

  • IMF Chief Economist Pierre-Olivier Gourinches said that India has emerged as a bright light at a time when the world is facing imminent prospects of recession.

  • Gourinchas said that India needs some significant structural reforms to achieve the ambitious target of a $10 trillion economy.

  • The Chief Economist lauded India's digitization efforts and termed it as a game changer.

Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Scheme

  • The process of transferring the subsidy amount directly into the account of the beneficiaries instead of providing it directly to the government offices is known as DBT.

  • In this context, transfer can be defined as the payment that the government makes directly to the beneficiary without receiving any return. Scholarships and subsidies are some examples.

  • The Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) Scheme was introduced on 1 January 2013.

  • Its main objective was to reform the government's distribution system and redesign the existing process in welfare schemes by making the flow of money and information faster, safer and fraud-free.

By admin: Oct. 12, 2022

2. Center approves ‘Prime Minister’s Development Initiative for North East Region (PM-DevINE) Scheme’

Tags: National Economy/Finance Government Schemes

To boost economic and social development in the North Eastern region the central government has decided to launch a 100% centrally funded scheme Prime Minister’s Development Initiative for North East Region (PM-DevINE).  The scheme was approved by the Union Cabinet in a meeting held on 12 October 2022 and chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

PM-DevINE, was announced in the Union Budget 2022-23 to address development gaps in the North Eastern Region. 

Duration of the Scheme 

The scheme will be of four year duration from 2022-23 to 2025-26, which will coincide with the remaining period of the 15th Finance Commission. 

Outlay on the scheme 

The scheme is 100% centrally funded and the outlay for the scheme is Rs 6,600 crore for the next four years.

Who will implement the scheme? 

The Scheme will be implemented by the Union Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) through North Eastern Council or Central Ministries/ agencies.

Objectives of the new Scheme

PM-DevINE will provide support to infrastructure and social development projects which may be larger in size and will also provide an end-to-end development solution instead of isolated projects.

PM-DevINE will lead to creation of infrastructure, support industries, social development projects and create livelihood activities for youth and women, thus leading to employment generation.

The objectives of PM-DevINE are to:

(a)    Fund infrastructure convergent, in the spirit of PM Gati Shakti;

(b)    Support social development projects based on felt needs of the NER;

(c)    Enable livelihood activities for youth and women;

(d)    Fill the development gaps in various sectors.

North Eastern States in India 

Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura, Nagaland and Sikkim.

Union Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region: Kishan Reddy

By admin: Oct. 3, 2022

3. Inter- Ministerial meeting held in Delhi to review Parali management

Tags: place in news National Government Schemes

With the onset of the harvesting season for Kharif crops an Inter-Ministerial meeting under the co-chairmanship of Union Minister of Power R.K Singh and Union Minister of Environment, Forest & Climate Change Bhupender Yadav, was held on 3 October 2022, in New Delhi to review the progress of biomass co-firing in thermal power plants along with Parali management in National Capital Region (NCR) and adjoining states.

The meeting was also attended by Chief Secretaries of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh along with senior officers. 

Background to the meeting 

Farmers in Haryana, Punjab and Western Uttar Pradesh burn their Parali in order to clear their harvested paddy fields and prepare for the Rabi season. 

This burning of fields usually leads to heavy air pollution and toxic air in and around NCR during the winter season. 

The meeting was held to take stock of the situation and the preparedness of the concerned government.

To encourage the farmers not to burn the parali and provide them an incentive, the government of India launched the SAMARTH mission. 

Sustainable Agrarian Mission on use of Agro Residue in Thermal Power Plants (SAMARTH) 

Sustainable Agrarian Mission on use of Agro Residue in Thermal Power Plants (SAMARTH) was launched by the Government of India in 2021.

Under SAMARTH the Union Ministry of power launched the National Mission on Use of Biomass in coal based thermal Power Plants.

AIM of the Scheme :

  •  It was launched by the Government of India to reduce stubble (parali) burning and to reduce carbon footprint of Thermal Power Plants while increasing the income of farmers.
  • The farmers are encouraged to sell their crop residues, stubble to the power plants and earn extra income instead of burning in the field which increases pollution.
  • Thermal power plants are encouraged to use crop residue along with coal for production of power.  It will reduce the use of coal for power generation and consequently lesser amounts of carbon will be produced.
  • The Ministry of Power's policy on “Biomass Utilization for Power Generation through Co-firing in Coal based Power Plants” issued in October 2021 mandates all thermal power plants in the country to use 5 to 10% biomass along with coal for power production.

Present Status of the SAMARTH mission  

  • Giving the achievement of the SAMARTH mission the government said that at present 39 thermal power plants had co-fired biomass pellets.
  • In the NCR region, 10 thermal power plants have started co-firing. 
  • As on date, 83066 MT of biomass has been co-fired in 39 thermal power plants across the country totalling to a capacity of 55390 MW. 
  • In the NCR region, the biomass co-fired is 22,696 MT out of which 95% has been done by NTPC.

By admin: Oct. 3, 2022

4. Bhupesh Baghel launches 'Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Park Scheme'

Tags: Government Schemes Person in news State News

The Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Bhupesh Baghel has launched 'Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Park Scheme' on 2 October 2022 on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. The state government is developing village Gauthans as Rural Industrial Parks to provide employment and means of income to the rural poor families.

Government of Chhattisgarh has established Gauthans in 8048 villages where cattles are kept and provided free of cost fodder, waters etc.

'Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Park Scheme' 

Mahatma Gandhi Rural Industrial Park is being set up in the selected rural areas of the state to develop them as livelihood centers. These parks are being developed as rural production and service centers.

In the first phase 300 Rural Industrial Parks are being developed and for this purpose one to three acres of land has been reserved for the park in Gauthans.

Budget allocation 

A provision of Rs 600 crore has been made for this scheme in the budget of the state government. 

An amount of Rs.1 crore each has been provided to all the approved Rural Industrial Parks.

Features of the Industrial Park 

The amount will be used to develop infrastructure like electricity, roads etc. and provide training to the youths.

Units for the manufacture of vermicomposting, poultry, goat rearing, agricultural and horticultural crops and processing of minor forest produce will be set up in the Gauthans developed under the Suraji Gaon Yojana. Along with this, flour-mill, pulse mill, oil mill are also being established.

Chhattisgarh

The modern state of Chhattisgarh was created on 1 November 2000 by splitting Madhya Pradesh.

Governor of Chhattisgarh: Anusuiya Uikey 

Capital: Raipur 

By admin: Oct. 2, 2022

5. Union Education ministry launches PM’s Scheme for Mentoring Young Authors – YUVA 2.0

Tags: National Government Schemes

The Union Ministry of Education has launched YUVA 2.0 - Prime Minister’s Scheme for Mentoring Young Authors on 2 October 2022.  The YUVA (Young, Upcoming and Versatile Authors) , is an Author Mentorship programme to train young and budding authors (below 30 years of age) in order to promote reading, writing and book culture in the country, and project India and Indian writings globally. 

The YUVA scheme  was initially  launched by the ministry on 29 May 2021.After the success of the YUVA 1.0 the ministry has launched YUVA 2.0

YUVA 2.0 is a part of [email protected] Project (Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav) to bring to the fore the perspectives of the young generation of writers on the THEME : ‘Democracy (institutions, events, people, constitutional values – past, present, future)’ in an innovative and creative manner. 

The National Book Trust, India, under the Ministry of Education is the Implementing Agency of the YUVA programme.

By admin: Oct. 1, 2022

6. Indore adjudged the cleanest city in India for the consecutive sixth time: Swachh Survekshan Awards 2022

Tags: place in news National Government Schemes

The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs announced Indore as the cleanest city of India for the consecutive sixth time in its  7th Swachh Survekshan Awards 2022’ ,announced on 1 October 2022. 

The award was presented to the  winner State and the cities by the President Droupadi Murmu at a function held in New Delhi on 1 October 2022.

The Madhya Pradesh City of Indore was followed by Surat of Gujarat and Navi Mumbai of Maharashtra,who were ranked second and third respectively.

Best Clean State 

Madhya Pradesh was ranked the cleanest State followed by Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra at the second and third place respectively.

Cities having a population of less than one lakh 

In the category of cities having a population of less than one lakh, Maharashtra’s Panchgani was ranked number one, followed by Chhattisgarh’s Patan (NP) and Maharashtra’s Karhad.

Cities having a population of more than one lakh along Ganga River 

Haridwar was adjudged the cleanest Ganga town in the category of more than 1 lakh population, followed by Varanasi and Rishikesh.

Cities having a population of less than one lakh along Ganga River 

Bijnor of Uttar Pradesh adjudged the cleanest Ganga town in the category of less than 1 lakh population, followed by Kannauj and Garhmukhteshwar, all of Uttar Pradesh.

Cleanest cantonment board.

Deolali in Maharashtra was adjudged the cleanest cantonment board.

Cleanest State having fewer than 100 urban local bodies.

Tripura has bagged the top rank among the states having fewer than 100 urban local bodies.

SWACHH SURVEKSHAN

Swachh Survekshan is the world’s largest urban sanitation and cleanliness survey which has been conducted by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs since 2016. The aim of the Swachh Survekshan is to foster a spirit of healthy competition among towns and cities so as to improve their service delivery to citizens and towards creating cleaner cities. 

In the first Swachh Survekshan 2016, 73 major cities were surveyed. However in the 7th edition of Swachh Survekshan 2022, 4,355 cities were surveyed making it the world’s largest urban cleanliness survey

This year’s survey with a “People First” theme received over an unprecedented 9 crores, feedback, a marked increase from last year’s 5 crores.

Union Ministry for Housing and Urban Affairs: Hardeep Singh Puri

By admin: Sept. 30, 2022

7. The Union Finance ministry raises the interest rates on select small saving schemes

Tags: Economy/Finance Government Schemes

The Union Ministry of Finance has increased interest rates on certain small saving schemes on 29 September 2022. It will be applicable from 1 October 2022. This is the first time small savings rates have been hiked since the January to March quarter of 2019.

The interest rates on the small savings scheme are revised after every quarter.

Small Saving Schemes are deposit schemes of the government of India where the people are assured of safety and return and the government uses the money for development purposes. These schemes are operated through Post offices in India.

Unlike Banks where interest rates are decided by the banks, the interest rates in the small saving scheme are decided by the government of India.

New Interest rates on Small Saving Schemes 

Name of the Scheme 

Interest Rates (from 1October 2022)

Senior Citizens Savings Scheme 

7.6% (earlier 7.4%)

Kisan Vikas Patra

7 %( earlier 6.9%). The amount will double in 123 months. 

Monthly Income Schemes

6.7% (earlier 6.6%)

3 year Term deposit (fixed deposit) with Post Office

6.7% (earlier 6.6%)

No Change in Interest rates of the following Small Saving Scheme 

Scheme 

Interest rates 

Public Provident Fund (PPF)

 7.1%

National Savings Certificate (NSC) 

6.8 %

one-year Term Deposit scheme of the Post Office

5.5%

Sukanya Samridhdhi Yojana 

7.6%

 Post Office Saving Account

4%

By admin: Sept. 28, 2022

8. Union Government extends PMGKAY till December 2022

Tags: Economy/Finance Government Schemes

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 28 September 2022 has extended the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY-Phase VII) for a further period of 3 months, October to December 2022. The phase VI of the scheme was to end on 30 September 2022.

This will cover nearly 80 crore beneficiaries across India.

The government has extended the scheme keeping in mind the coming festival season so that there is no additional burden on the poor.

PMGKY is the world's largest food security programme which was launched in April 2020 to provide relief to the poor and migrant population suffering due to the corona -19 induced lockdown and the consequent hardship faced by them.

Features of the PMGKAY 

  • PMGKAY is a part of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package (PMGKP) to help the poor fight the battle against Covid-19.
  • Its nodal Ministry is the Ministry of Finance.
  • Under this scheme, the government provides additional free of cost 5 kg per person per month food-grains (rice/wheat) to around 80 crore beneficiaries of National Food Security Act (NFSA) including the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) beneficiaries. 
  • The PMGKAY has now been linked with One Nation One Ration Card (ONORC) plan where migrant workers can get the benefit of the scheme through any ration shops in India.

Financial burden on the central government 

  • The scheme is fully funded by the government of India 
  • The government of India has so far spent Rs 3.45 lakh Crore upto Phase-VI of PMGKAY. With the additional expenditure of about Rs. 44,762 Crore for Phase-VII of this scheme, the overall expenditure of PMGKAY will be about Rs. 3.91 lakh crore for all the phases.
  • The total outgo in terms of food grains for PMGKAY Phase VII is likely to be about 122 Lakh metric tonnes. The aggregate allocation of food grain for phases I- VII is about 1121 lakh metric tonnes.

Phases of the PMGKAY Scheme 

Phase 1 from April to June 2020

Phase II from July to November 2020

Phase III from December 2020 to May 2021 to June 2021

Phase IV from July 2021 to November 2021

Phase V from December 2021 to March 2021 

Phase VI from April 2022 to September 2022 

Phase VII from October 2022 to December 2022

Important Government Scheme

National Food Security Act (NFSA)

The Public distribution system in India is covered under the National Food Security Act 2013.  It was implemented on 10 September 2013.

  • It covers all the State and Union Territories in India.
  • The scheme is administered by the Union Ministry of Consumer Affairs Food and Public Distribution.
  • The Act provides for coverage of upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population for receiving subsidized foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS), thus covering about two-thirds of the population.
  • Food Grains are provided to beneficiaries in two categories, Antodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) and Priority Household (PHH).
  • The Antodaya Anna Yojana beneficiaries get 35 kg of foodgrains per month and the Priority Household gets 5kg per person per month.
  • The beneficiary gets rice/wheat or coarse cereals at a highly subsidized price. 

By admin: Sept. 26, 2022

9. Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry (MoHUAM) launch Swachh Toycathon

Tags: National Government Schemes National News

On 26 September, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched Swachh Toycathon, a unique competition to make toys from waste.

Important facts

  • The competition will be open to individuals and groups to bring innovation to the design of toys using dry waste.

  • The focus will be on the design of those toys, on the basis of which a large number of toys can be made.

  • These toys will have to comply with the minimum safety standards.

  • The competition will be hosted on MyGov innovate India portal. 

  • Center for Creative Learning IIT-Gandhinagar will be the knowledge partner of this competition.

  • Due to the economic development, income growth and many innovations in the country, the demand for toys has increased tremendously.

  • The National Toy Action Plan-2020 has been launched to establish India as a global toy hub and promote traditional handmade toys.

National Toy Action Plan-2020

  • The government has prepared a National Toy Action Plan involving 14 ministries to make the domestic toy industry competitive.

  • It aims to make India self-reliant in the toy sector and increase the presence of domestic toys in the global market.

  • The Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade and 14 Ministries are implementing various aspects of the scheme.

By admin: Sept. 25, 2022

10. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurates ‘Arogya Manthan’ to mark the anniversary of flagship health scheme of the government

Tags: place in news National Government Schemes Person in news

The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Dr. Mansukh Mandaviya inaugurated the two days (25-26 September 2022) Arogya Manthan 2022 programme in New Delhi on 25 September 2022. 

The Arogya Manthan has been organised by the National Health Authority (NHA) to celebrate the 4 years of Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY) and 1 year of Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).

NHA under the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare  is the implementing agency of AB PM-JAY and ABDM.

Speaking on the occasion the minister said that presently 4.5 lakh Ayushman cards are being issued per day and the target is to increase it to 10 lakh Ayushman Cards every day. Ayushman card is issued to the beneficiaries of the AB PM-JAY.

Achievements of the AB PM-JAY

 The minister released the annual report, National Health Authority 2021.  The main points of the report regarding the two health schemes are as follows:

  • The scheme is presently being implemented in 33 states and Union Territory; 
  • Over 19 crore cards have been issued to the individuals till date of which 52 per cent of them were males and 48 per cent females. 
  • Under the AB PM-JAY scheme, 3.8 crore of patients were admitted in hospitals across the country with 46% of them in public hospitals and 54% in private hospitals. As much as 52% of these patients were males and 48% were females.

Performance of the states in enrolling patients under AB PM-JAY

  •  Goa, Kerala, Haryana, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra were the top five states in which empanelled hospitals admitted the highest number of patients as per the AB PM-JAY. 
  • Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Manipur and Mizoram were the top Northeast/Hilly states.
  • Puducherry, Chandigarh, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Lakshadweep and Ladakh were the top Union Territories.

Performance of the ABDM

The health minister also said that more than 24 crore ABHA (Ayushman Bharat Health Account) has been generated in India. 

One crore  health records have been linked digitally under the  Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM).

National Health Protection Scheme or Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)

  • Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (AB PM-JAY)   was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 23rd September, 2018 in Ranchi, Jharkhand.
  • It is the largest health assurance scheme in the world which provides a health cover of Rs. 5 lakhs per eligible family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)

  • The Prime Minister launched the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) via video conferencing on 27th September 2021.
  • It aims to provide a health ID (now called as ABHA) to every citizen that will also work as their health account, to which personal health records can be linked and viewed with the help of a mobile application.
  •  The data will be available to doctors, hospitals, health insurance companies so that a seamless health care is provided to the patients.
  • It is voluntary and no citizen can be forced to join it.

Chief Executive Officer of National Health Authority : Dr Ram Sewak Sharma