Current Affairs search results for tag: international-relations
By admin: April 18, 2023

1. India-Russia Business Dialogue 2023

Tags: International Relations

India-Russia Business Dialogue 2023

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Russian Deputy Prime Minister Denis Manturov on 17th April attended the inaugural session of "India-Russia Business Dialogue" 2023 in New Delhi.

An overview of the news

  • They met representatives of Russian and Indian businesses.

  • The participants in the business forum discussed issues of further enhancing Russian-Indian practical cooperation, including the Inter-Governmental Commission (IGC).

  • The External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar said that India and Russia have crossed the bilateral trade target of 30 billion dollars before the target year of 2025. 

  • S Jaishankar talked about the importance of connectivity initiatives.

  • The International North-South Transport Corridor as well as the Eastern Maritime Corridor, which is the Chennai-Vladivostok Corridor, are being given due consideration.

  • He said that the issue of payment needs to be worked out clearly.

  • He also referred to the expansion of the network under the scheme of settlement of international trade in Indian Rupees through the Special Rupee Vostro Account System.

  • India and Russia are paying special attention to the issues of mutual access of products to the markets of both the countries.

  • Russia and the Eurasian Economic Commission are trying to speed up negotiations on a free trade agreement with India.

International North-South Transport Corridor (INSTC)

  • It is a multi-modal transport established by Iran, Russia and India on 12 September 2000 in St Petersburg.

  • It is a 7,200 kilometre long multi-mode network of shipping, rail and road transport for freight.

  • India, Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Russia, Central Asia and Europe are involved in the corridor.

  • Its main purpose is to promote transportation cooperation among the Member States.

  • It connects the Indian Ocean to the Caspian Sea via the Persian Gulf to Russia and northern Europe.

Significance of INSTC

  • It aims to reduce the cost of movement of goods between India and Russia by about 30 percent and reduce transit time by more than half.

  • It will provide an alternative connectivity initiative to countries in the Eurasian region.

  • It has the potential to transform countries' economies into specialized manufacturing, logistics and transit hubs.

  • It opens a sustainable alternative route for India to trade with Afghanistan and Central Asia.

About Russia

  • Prime Minister: Mikhail Mishustin

  • Capital: Moscow

  • Currency: Russian ruble

  • President: Vladimir Putin

  • Official Language: Russian


By admin: April 17, 2023

2. India opens its 16th Visa application center in Bangladesh's Kushtia

Tags: International Relations International News

India opens its 16th Visa application center in Bangladesh's Kushtia

The High Commission of India opened its 16th Visa application center in Kushtia town of Southwestern Bangladesh on 16th April.

An overview of the news

  • The new Indian Visa Application Center (IVAC) was inaugurated by High Commissioner Pranya Verma.

  • Mahbubul Alam Hanif, MP from Kushtia-3 was also present on this occasion.

  • This will provide greater ease and convenience to residents of Kushtia and its surrounding areas seeking visa services to visit India.

  • Continuous efforts are being made to improve visa facilities for the people of Bangladesh.

  • The new center will further strengthen people-to-people contact.

  • It will serve as a new platform to promote tourism, trade and people-to-people exchanges between India and Bangladesh.

  • The High Commission of India operates its largest Visa Operations Center in the world in Bangladesh.

  • Bangladesh accounts for the largest number of foreign tourists in India, including those availing medical, tourism, business and student visa facilities.

  • In the year 2019-20, more than 16 lakh visas were issued in Dhaka.

People’s Republic of Bangladesh 

  • Capital: Dhaka 

  • Prime Minister: Sheikh Hasina Wazed 

  • President: Mohammad Shahabuddin

  • Currency: Taka 


By admin: April 15, 2023

3. Piyush Goyal addresses India – France Business Summit

Tags: International Relations International News

Piyush Goyal addresses India – France Business Summit

Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal addressed the India-France Business Summit and CEO Roundtable in Paris, France on 11 April.

An overview of the news

  • The Embassy of India, Paris, France, in association with the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), the Mouvement des entreprises de France(MEDEF) and the Indo French Chamber of Commerce and Industry(IFCCI), organised the India – France Business Summit.

Sessions were held on the following topics-

  • Building a Green Future

  • Critical and Emerging Technologies: The New Strategic Frontier

  • Defence Cooperation: Securing a Shared Future Through Atmanirbhar Bharat

  • France and India: Springboard to Europe and Indo-Pacific

  • CEOs Roundtable

Trade between India and France

  • Bilateral trade with France has reached US$ 10.75 billion in the last decade and has shown steady growth. Both sides have taken forward the discussions on the India-EU Trade and Investment Agreement.

  • Agreements worth about $16 billion have been signed at the trade summit.

  • Nearly 1,000 French companies are present in India while over a hundred Indian businesses have established a presence in France.

India, France bilateral relations

  • France is the first country with which India started a strategic dialogue after its 1998 nuclear tests.

  • Both sides recognized the importance of discussing the India-EU Trade and Investment Agreement.

  • In 2005, an agreement was signed to build six Scorpene submarines in India with the help of France.

  • There has been an agreement between the Government of France and India for 36 Rafale aircraft.

About France

  • President: Emmanuel Macron

  • Prime minister: Élisabeth Borne

  • Capital: Paris

  • Currency : euro

By admin: April 14, 2023

4. Piyush Goyal's two-day visit to Italy

Tags: International Relations

Piyush Goyal's two-day visit to Italy

Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Piyush Goyal was visiting Rome on 12 April 2023 on a two-day visit to Italy.

An Overview of the News:

  • Shri Goyal met Antonio Tajani, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Government of Italy to review all aspects of bilateral trade and economic relations.
  • Both the Ministers exchanged views on leveraging the India-Italy trade and economic partnership for development in various sectors.
  • After the state visit of Italian Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni to India on 2 March 2023, efforts were made to elevate the bilateral relationship to the level of a strategic partnership.

Suggestion for formation of Joint Working Group:

  • Tajani suggested setting up of a joint working group in strategic areas such as space, technology, defence, agriculture etc. to keep abreast of important developments in these areas.

Bilateral trade with Italy:

  • Bilateral trade between India and Italy to be around US$ 16 billion in 2022.
  • Shri Goyal briefed about the progress made in India-EU FTA negotiations. Both the Ministers underlined the importance of a free, balanced and fair Free Trade Agreement and hoped that it would be concluded soon.

Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation (JCEC) in Rome:

  • The two leaders also agreed to hold the next session of the Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation (JCEC) in Rome in the last week of September 2023.

Italy:

  • Capital: Rome
  • Currency: Euro
  • President: Sergio Mattarella
  • Prime Minister: Georgia Meloni

By admin: April 13, 2023

5. Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar launches "Tulsi Ghat Restoration Project" in Kampala

Tags: International Relations

Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar launches "Tulsi Ghat Restoration Project" in Kampala

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar launched Varanasi's 'Tulsi Ghat Restoration Project' on 10 April 2023 during his visit to Kampala, Uganda.

An Overview of the News:

  • The Tulsi Ghat Renovation Project is an initiative aimed at enhancing the aesthetic appeal of Varanasi, the oldest inhabited city in the world.
  • Uganda was supported to chair the Non-Aligned Movement from Africa for the period from 2022 to 2025. The position of chair of NAM rotates every three years during the summits.

Mozambique Visit:

  • The External Affairs Minister will visit Mozambique from 13 to 15 April. This will be the first visit by an External Affairs Minister of India to Mozambique.
  • The fifth meeting of the India-Mozambique Joint Commission will be chaired by the Foreign Ministers of both the countries.
  • During the visit, various types of assistance will be announced from the Indian side to both these countries. There will also be talk on defense cooperation with these two countries.
  • In March 2023, India conducted military exercises with nine countries in Africa, as well as a separate meeting with the military chiefs of African countries.
  • In March 2023, Cyclone Freddy caused havoc in Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar.

Uganda:

  • Capital: Kampala
  • President: Yoweri Museveni
  • Prime Minister: Robinhood Nabanza
  • Currency: Uganda Shilling

Mozambique:

  • Capital: Maputo
  • President: Philippe Nyusi
  • Prime Minister: Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
  • Currency: Mozambican metical (MZN)

By admin: April 10, 2023

6. 4-day visit of Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Emin Zhaparova to India

Tags: International Relations

4-day visit of Ukrainian Deputy Foreign Minister Emin Zhaparova to India

Ukraine's Deputy Foreign Minister Emin Zhaparova arrived in India on 9 April 2023 on a four-day visit, the first official visit to the Eastern European country since the Russian aggression began in February 2022.

An overview of the news

  • According to the information given by the Ministry, the First Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Emin Zhaparova will be on an official visit to India from 9 to 12 April.
  • Jhaparova held talks with Sanjay Verma, Secretary (West) in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). In which the two sides are expected to discuss bilateral relations, exchange views on the current situation in Ukraine and global issues of mutual interest.
  • In India, Jhaparova will also meet Minister of State for External Affairs and Culture Meenakshi Lekhi and Deputy National Security Advisor Vikram Misri.
  • In the context of the Russia-Ukraine conflict, India has urged both sides to find a peaceful solution to the disputes.

Ukraine:

  • Capital: Kyiv
  • President: Volodymyr Zelensky
  • Currency: Ukrainian hryvnia

By admin: April 10, 2023

7. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar's visit to Uganda and Mozambique

Tags: International Relations

External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar's visit to Uganda and Mozambique

The Union External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar is on a visit of two African countries Uganda and Mozambique from April 10 to 15, 2023.

An overview of the news: 

  • According to the Union Ministry of External Affairs, the External Affairs Minister will be on a visit to Uganda from 10 to 12 April. During this he will hold delegation level talks with Ugandan Foreign Minister General JJ Odongo.

    S Jaishankar is also expected to meet prominent leaders of the country Uganda and other ministers.

  • He is also likely to meet the country's leadership and other ministers.
  • The External Affairs Minister will inaugurate the transit campus of the National Forensic Science University (NFSU) to be set up in collaboration with India.
    • This will be the first campus of this university outside India. Jaishankar will also address a group of Ugandan businessmen and industrialists.
  • During this, MoU is also expected to be signed between India and Uganda for setting up the first campus of NFSU outside India.

Mozambique Visit:

  • The External Affairs Minister will visit Mozambique from 13 to 15 April. This will be the first visit by an External Affairs Minister of India to Mozambique.
  • The fifth meeting of the India-Mozambique Joint Commission will be chaired by the Foreign Ministers of both the countries.
  • During the visit, various types of assistance will be announced from the Indian side to both these countries. There will also be talk on defense cooperation with these two countries.
  • In March 2023, India conducted military exercises with nine countries in Africa, as well as a separate meeting with the military chiefs of African countries.
  • In March 2023, Cyclone Freddy caused havoc in Malawi, Mozambique and Madagascar.

Uganda:

  • Capital: Kampala
  • President: Yoweri Museveni
  • Prime Minister: Robinhood Nabanza
  • Currency: Uganda Shilling

Mozambique:

  • Capital: Maputo
  • President: Philippe Nyusi
  • Prime Minister: Carlos Agostinho do Rosário
  • Currency: Mozambican metical (MZN)


By admin: April 5, 2023

8. 7th India-Japan Defense Policy Dialogue held in New Delhi

Tags: International Relations International News

7th India-Japan Defense Policy Dialogue held in New Delhi

The dialogue on April 05, 2023 was co-chaired by Mr. Giridhar Armane, Defense Secretary of India and Mr. Oka Masami, Defense Minister of International Affairs of Japan.

An Overview of the News

  • The two countries discussed a wide range of issues, including service-level exercises and engagements, regional security issues and cooperation in defence equipment and technology.

  • Defense Secretary Shri Giridhar Armane stressed the need for both the countries to deepen cooperation between their respective defence industries.

  • He also invited Japanese defence industries to explore investment opportunities in India under the 'Make in India' initiative.

  • Both sides agreed to diversify cooperation in new and emerging domains such as the defence sector and cyber.

  • India and Japan reiterated their commitment to a strong defence partnership and agreed to explore opportunities to further enhance bilateral cooperation.

  • Defense Policy Dialogue is an institutional mechanism between India and Japan to discuss bilateral defence cooperation.

About Japan

  • It is also called Nihon or Nippon and is an archipelago in the western Pacific Ocean in East Asia.

  • It is made up of four main islands Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu and Honshu is the largest island of Japan.

  • Its highest mountain is Mount Fuji.

  • It is the third largest economy in the world after the United States and China.

Capital - Tokyo

currency - Yen

Prime Minister - Fumio Kishida


By admin: April 4, 2023

9. India, Netherlands hold first Ministerial-level meeting of Joint Working Group

Tags: International Relations International News


 1st Ministerial-level meeting of the Joint Working Group between India and the NetherlandsThe 1st Ministerial-level meeting of the Joint Working Group between India and the Netherlands was held on 3 April in New Delhi.

An overview of the news

  • The meeting was held in the presence of Union Jal Shakti Minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat and Minister for Infrastructure and Water Management, Government of the Netherlands, Mark Harbours.

  • The 'Strategic Water Partnership' was launched during a virtual meeting between the Prime Ministers of India and the Netherlands in April 2021.

  • The partnership provides the necessary impetus to expand bilateral water cooperation.

  • The Netherlands is associated with various states and municipalities, including Uttar Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Punjab, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra, in various water resources projects.

  • River-city alliance between the two countries for river-sensitive cities and technologically driven nature-based solutions for river rejuvenation.

India-Netherlands Relations

  • India and the Netherlands enjoy long-standing warm and friendly relations based on shared values of democracy, rule of law, human rights and historical bonds of friendship.

  • Both countries share common ideals of democracy, pluralism and rule of law.

  • Bilateral relations have been marked by strong economic and commercial ties.

  • The Netherlands signed the Framework Agreement of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) and became the 64th signatory member country.

  • There are over 200 Indian companies operating in the Netherlands.

  • The total bilateral trade stood at US$ 6.28 billion in the financial year 2018-2019.

  • The Netherlands was India's fourth largest trading partner in the European Union after Britain, Germany and Belgium.

About Netherlands

  • The Netherlands, also known as Holland, is a country located in northwestern Europe.

  • Monarch: King Willem-Alexander

  • Prime Minister: Mark Rutte

  • Capital: Amsterdam

  • Currency: euro


By admin: March 27, 2023

10. India summons Canadian High Commissioner over actions of separatist elements

Tags: International Relations

India summons Canadian High Commissioner over actions of separatist elements

The Government of India summoned the High Commissioner of Canada on 26 March 2023 and the purpose of the summons was to express strong concern over the actions of separatist and extremist elements against India's diplomatic missions and consulates in Canada.

An Overview of the News

  • The Government of India sought an explanation on how such elements were able to breach the security of diplomatic missions and consulates despite the presence of the police.

  • The Government of India requested that the Government of Canada arrest and prosecute individuals who have already been identified as having been involved in such acts.

  • India's Ministry of External Affairs expects the Government of Canada to take all necessary steps to ensure the safety of diplomats and the security of diplomatic premises.

About Canada

Geography: Canada is the second largest country in the world by land area. It shares a border with the United States to the south.

Government: Canada is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II.

Languages: Canada has two official languages, English and French. French is primarily spoken in the province of Quebec, while English is the most widely spoken language in the rest of the country.

Culture: Hockey is considered the national sport of Canada, and the country is also known for its winter sports such as skiing and snowboarding.

Nature: Some of the country's most famous natural sites include Niagara Falls, Banff National Park, and the Canadian Rockies.

Capital - Ottawa

Prime Minister - Justin Trudeau

Currency - Canadian Dollar