Earthquake devastation in Turkiye

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Earthquake devastation in Turkiye

On 6 February a major earthquake struck Turkey and Syria, killing more than 15,000 people.

An overview of the news

  • The Indian Army has set up a field hospital in Iskenderun, Hatay province of Turkey. The field hospital will treat people affected by the earthquake.

  • Three earthquakes measuring 7.8, 7.6 and 6.0 on the Richter scale hit different regions of Turkey and neighbouring Syria.

  • The epicentre of the earthquake was 26 km east of the Turkish city of Nurdagi at a depth of about 18 km on the East Anatolian Fault.

  • The earthquake moved northeast, causing devastation in central Turkey and Syria.

  • It is the most powerful earthquake to shake the region in more than 100 years.

Reasons of Turkey’s Earthquakes

  • About 95% of the country's territory is sensitive to earthquakes.

  • Major cities of Istanbul and Izmir and the region of East Anatolia are in high risk.

About Earthquake

  • In simple words, earthquake refers to the vibration of the earth.

  • It is a natural phenomenon, in which waves are generated due to the release of energy from inside the earth which spreads in all directions and vibrates the earth.

  • The waves produced by an earthquake are called seismic waves, which move on the surface of the earth.

  • The instruments used to measure earthquakes are called seismographs.

  • The place below the Earth's surface where the epicenter of an earthquake is located is called the hypocenter.

  • The place above the surface of the earth where the seismic waves first reach is called the epicenter.

  • It is measured in the Richter scale.

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