Global Hunger Index 2022

Tags: Economics/Business International News

India ranked 107 out of 121 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2022 that was released on 14 October 2022. 

India's Performance

  • India is in a worse position than all the countries of South Asia except war-torn Afghanistan.

  • Hunger levels in India have been placed in the "severe" category with a score of 29.1.

  • Neighbouring Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Myanmar have been ranked 99, 64, 84, 81, and 71 respectively – all countries above India.

  • The wasting rate (underweight by height) of children in India is 19.3%, worse than the levels recorded in 2014 (15.1%).

  • The prevalence of undernutrition in India has increased from 14.6% in 2018-2020 to 16.3% in 2019-2021.

  • It is estimated that 224.3 million people in India are malnourished, out of a total of 828 million people who are malnourished globally.

  • India has shown improvement in two indicators – child stunting has declined from 38.7% to 35.5% between 2014 and 2022, and child mortality has fallen from 4.6% to 3.3% in the same period.

  • In 2021, India ranked 101 out of 116 countries, while in 2020, India stood at 94th position.

Global Scenario

  • According to the index, there are 44 countries that currently have "severe" or "alarming" levels of hunger.

  • Globally, progress against hunger has largely stalled in recent years.

  • For the world a GHI score of 18.2 in 2022 is considered "moderate", but 18.2 in 2022 represents a slight improvement from 19.1 in 2014.

  • This is due to conflicts, climate change, the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic as well as crises such as the Ukraine War, which have increased global food, fuel and fertilizer prices and are expected to worsen in 2023.

About Global Hunger Index

  • GHI is a tool for comprehensively measuring and tracking hunger across nations.

  • It is an annual report jointly published by Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe.

  • It was first released in 2006, it is released every year in the month of October. Its 2022 edition refers to the 17th edition of the GHI.

  • It is calculated on the basis of four indicators –

  1. Undernutrition - a population with insufficient caloric intake

  2. Child wasting – Children under the age of five, who are underweight for their height, show acute malnutrition.

  3. Child stunting - children under the age of five who are underweight for their age, indicating malnutrition

  4. Child Mortality Rate - Mortality rate of children under five years of age

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