Government of India launches welfare scheme SEED for Denotified Tribes

Tags: National News

Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Dr. Virendra Kumar launched the Scheme for Economic Empowerment of Denotified (SEED), Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Communities  on 16 February 2022 at  New Delhi.

It will be an umbrella scheme for the empowerment of Denotified Tribes, Nomadic Tribes and Semi-Nomadic Tribes. 

It includes:  

  1. Educational empowerment- Free coaching to students from these communities for Civil Services, entry to professional courses like medicine, engineering, MBA, etc.

  2. Health Insurance through Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana ( PMJAY) of National Health Authority.

  3. Livelihoods to support income generation, and

  4. Housing 

Allocation for the scheme 

Government has allocated Rs.200 crore for the scheme for the next  five years beginning 2021-22. 

Concept clearing 

Denotified Tribe (DNT)

In 1871 the British Parliament passed Criminal Tribes Act 1871. It designated certain nomadic tribes in India as criminals and crime was considered to be their hereditary profession. 

  • After Independence,the Government of India set up a committee headed by Mr. Ananthsayanam Ayyangar in 1949 to review the Criminal Tribes Act.

  • On the recommendation of the Ayyangar Committee the The CriminalTribes Act was repealed in 1952.  Hence they are now called Denotified Tribes. For example Sansi, Bazigar, Bauria, Perna, Kanjars,  etc. 

Nomadic Tribes(NT) are those tribes which move from one place to another for earning their livelihood.  

Semi Nomadic Tribes (SNT) are those nomadic tribes which have a fixed place to live. They move from place to place for livelihood but return to their place of residence at least once a year. 

Full form for exam 

SEED: Scheme for Economic Empowerment of  Denotified, Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Communities

DNT: Denotified Tribe

SNT : Semi Nomadic Tribes

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