Indigenous Tejas Mark-1A Set to Replace MiG Series in Indian Air Force

Tags: Science and Technology

The maiden flight test of the inaugural aircraft of the advanced iteration 'Mark 1A' of the indigenous Tejas fighter jet, produced in India, has concluded triumphantly on March 28, 2024, at the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) facility in Bengaluru.

An Overview of the News

  • The first aircraft of this series, designated as LA5033, completed an 18-minute flight.

  • Notably, the Tejas Mark 1A, the predecessor of this advanced version, has already been incorporated into the Indian Air Force's fleet, enhancing its operational capabilities.

  • With continued advancements and successful testing, the Tejas Mark 1A advanced variant is poised to further bolster India's defense capabilities, reinforcing its commitment to self-reliance and indigenous manufacturing in the defense sector.

  • The Tejas Mark-1A is set to replace iconic models like the MiG-21, MiG-23, and MiG-27, symbolizing a shift towards modern, domestically produced fighter aircraft.

  • Over 65% of the equipment for the Tejas Mark-1A is manufactured domestically.

  • The decision to station the Tejas Mark-1A at the Nal airbase in Bikaner, Rajasthan, near the Pakistan border, underscores its role in bolstering India's defense posture in sensitive regions.

What enhancements does the improved version of Tejas offer?

  • New technologies include Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar and Advanced Beyond-Visual Range (BVR) Missile systems.

  • Enhanced defensive capabilities for self-protection.

  • Added mid-air refueling capability to increase operational range.

  • Upgraded radar warning receiver system for quick threat detection.

  • Features digital map generator, smart multi-function display, and advanced radio altimeter for improved navigation and communication.

History  of Tejas

  • The Tejas project began in 1983 under the Light Combat Aircraft Project, with the aircraft's maiden flight taking place on January 4, 2001. It was officially named 'Tejas' by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 2003.

  • The success of the Tejas project can be attributed to the visionary leadership of scientists like Dr. Kota Harinarayana and his dedicated team, whose relentless efforts and expertise culminated in the creation of an indigenous fighter aircraft.

  • Variants of the Tejas tailored for naval operations were initiated in 2007, showcasing the adaptability and versatility of the Tejas platform to meet varied defense requirements, including naval aircraft carrier operations.

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