International Democracy Day - 15 September

Tags: Important Days

International Democracy Day is celebrated every year on 15 September. 

An Overview of the News

  • International Democracy Day emphasizes the importance of democracy, considering it not only a fundamental human right but also a vital element in promoting good governance and peace.

  • The day reminds us of the important role of democracy in shaping societies globally.

  • In 2023, the theme of International Democracy Day focuses on "Empowering the Next Generation", highlighting the important contribution of young individuals in promoting democracy.

  • Acknowledging and promoting youth participation in democratic processes is a fundamental element for safeguarding the future of democracy.

History of International Democracy Day:-

  • It has its origins in the Universal Declaration on Democracy, which was adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) on September 15, 1997.

  • The IPU is an international organization consisting of national parliaments around the world.

  • Qatar took a leading role in advocating the establishment of International Democracy Day following the adoption of the Universal Declaration on Democracy.

  • On November 8, 2007, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) took an important step by unanimously adopting a resolution entitled "Support by the United Nations System of Governments' Efforts to Promote and Consolidate New or Restored Democracies". This resolution formalized the International Day of Democracy.

About Democracy

  • It is a term that originates from the Greek words 'demos', which refers to a citizen of a city-state, and 'kratos', which refers to the concept of power or government.

  • Democracy is considered a fundamental value within the United Nations. It is built on key principles, including:

    • Respect for human rights: Democracy involves a commitment to upholding the rights of individuals.

    • Fundamental Freedom: It involves the protection of basic freedoms.

    • Periodic and genuine elections: Democracy involves the practice of holding honest and legitimate elections on a regular basis.

    • Universal suffrage: Ensures that all eligible citizens have the right to vote.

  • Democracy is a system that gives citizens the right to choose their leaders.

  • It encourages active participation of citizens in the processes that determine decisions affecting their lives.

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