M S Swaminathan, father of India's Green Revolution, passes away at the age of 98
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On 28 September 2023, famous farmer and 'Father of India's Green Revolution' M.S. Swaminathan died at the age of 98.
An Overview of the News
M. S. Swaminathan's agricultural journey began in 1949 when he began researching crop genetics, which included important crops like potato, wheat, rice, and jute.
During a critical period in India's history, Swaminathan collaborated with scientist Norman Borlaug and others to develop high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice.
This collaboration marked the beginning of the 'Green Revolution', a transformative initiative aimed at significantly increasing crop productivity through the use of chemical-biological technology.
Honors and Awards for Outstanding Contribution:
Swaminathan received several prestigious awards, including the first World Food Prize in 1987 for introducing high-yielding wheat and rice varieties into India.
He established the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation in Chennai.
He was also awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1971 and the Albert Einstein World Science Award in 1986.
In India, Swaminathan received several high civilian awards, including the Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan.
He was also a recipient of the HK Firodia Award, the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Award and the Indira Gandhi Award.
Typical Careers in Administration:
Swaminathan served as the Director General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
He also headed the International Rice Research Institute.
In 1979, he became Principal Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture.
Global Environmental Leadership:
In 1988, Swaminathan became President of the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, highlighting his dedication to environmental protection.
His influence extended globally, contributing to various international agricultural and environmental initiatives.
Time magazine recognized him as one of the 20 most influential Asians of the 20th century.
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