MISHTI, Amrit Dharohar, PM PRANAM ecological conservation initiative in the budget
Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman's budget speech launched various schemes and policies aimed at ecological conservation.
An overview of the news
Targeting various ecological issues, these schemes come with the promise of preserving the ecological health of India.
The newly introduced schemes are MISHTI, Amrit Dharohar and PM PRANAM.
MISHTI (Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes)
This is a new scheme which will facilitate mangrove plantation on salt lands along the sea coast of India.
The scheme will operate through “convergence between MGNREGS, Campa Fund and other sources”.
It aims at intensive afforestation of coastal mangrove forests.
There are such forests on both the east and west coasts of India, with the Sundarbans in Bengal being one of the largest mangrove forests.
The scheme will be implemented over the next three years to encourage optimum use of wetlands and enhance biodiversity, carbon stock, ecotourism opportunities and income generation for local communities.
It will emphasise on the importance of lakes and their conservation.
PM PRANAM (Prime Minister Programme for Restoration, Awareness, Nourishment and Amelioration of Mother Earth)
The program will endeavour to encourage States and Union Territories promoting balanced use of alternative fertilisers and chemical fertilisers.
It aims to reduce the subsidy burden of the government, which is estimated to reach Rs 2.25 lakh crore in 2022-23.
Bhartiya Prakritik Kheti Bio-Input Resource Centres
To adopt "natural farming", 10,000 bio-input processing centers will be set up.
These centers will form a nationally distributed micro fertilizer and pesticide manufacturing network.
This will affect more than 1 crore farmers in the next three years.
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