National Education Day
Tags: Important Days
Every year 11 November is celebrated as National Education Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of India.
On this day, his exemplary contribution in the field of education and educational institutions is remembered.
He was the first education minister of independent India and served the country as education minister from 1947 to 1958.
National Education Day is celebrated in all educational institutions to raise awareness about the importance of literacy.
The Ministry of Education ( Formerly The Ministry of Human Resource Development) sets a different theme for National Education Day every year.
The theme of this year is "Changing Course, Transforming Education".
Background of the day
In 2008 the Ministry of Human Resource Development (now Ministry of Education) decided to celebrate Maulana Abul Kalam Azad's birthday as National Education Day.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
A freedom fighter, he started Al-Hilal, a weekly magazine in Urdu, in 1912 to criticise British policies.
After al-Hilal was banned, he started another weekly al-Bagah.
He was opposed to partition and a supporter of Hindu-Muslim unity.
He supported the non-cooperation movement (1920–22) started by Gandhiji and joined the Indian National Congress in 1920.
In 1923 he was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress. At the age of 35 he became the youngest person to preside over the Indian National Congress.
In 1947, he became the first Education Minister of independent India and he remained in this post till his death in 1958.
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