Nord Stream pipeline leakages

Tags: International News

Sweden's coast guard said on 29 September that it had detected a fourth leak in two damaged Nord Stream pipelines.

Important facts

  • These leaks are occurring in important Nord Stream pipelines (Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2).

  • These pipelines carry natural gas from Russia through the Baltic Sea to Germany.

  • Earlier this week two other leaks were found near Denmark.

  • The Danish military released a video saying it had seen gas bubbles on the surface of the sea off the island of Bornholm.

  • At the time of the leak, both were not supplying gas to Europe. Methane leaks from broken pipelines have also caused serious concern to environmentalists.

  • Germany is Russia’s biggest European gas consumer, and most of it comes through the Nord Stream.

Nord Stream Pipeline

  • Nord Stream has two pipelines, each containing two lines.

  1. Nord Stream 1

  • It was completed in 2011. It runs from Vyborg in northwest Russia to Lubmin in northeastern Germany via the Baltic Sea.

  1. Nord Stream 2 

  • In 2015, Russian energy major Gazprom and five other European firms decided to form Nord Stream 2.

  • It runs from Ust-Luga in Russia to Greifswald in Germany through the Baltic Sea and was completed in September 2021.

  • It will carry 55 billion cubic metres of gas every year.

  • Nord Stream 1 and 2 together will supply an aggregate of 110 billion cubic metres of gas to Germany per year. 

  • The pipeline falls in the territory of EU members Germany and Denmark.

  • In December 2019, work on the project was suspended due to the threat of US sanctions.

  • In January 2021, the US sanctioned a Russian ship carrying out pipe laying work for the project.

  • An agreement was reached between the US and Germany on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.

Top 5 Natural Gas producing Countries 

  • United States - 914.6 billion Cubic Meters

  • Russia - 638.5 billion Cubic Meters

  • Iran - 250.8 billion Cubic Meters

  • China - 194 billion Cubic Meters

  • Qatar  171.3 billion Cubic Meters

Top 5 Countries that Consume the Most Natural Gas 

  • United States 

  • Russia 

  • China 

  • Iran 

  • Canada

  • Top 5 Countries with the Largest Natural Gas Reserves

  • Russia    

  • Iran    

  • Qatar    

  • Turkmenistan    

  • United States

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