Nord Stream pipeline leakages
Tags: International News
Sweden's coast guard said on 29 September that it had detected a fourth leak in two damaged Nord Stream pipelines.
These leaks are occurring in important Nord Stream pipelines (Nord Stream 1 and Nord Stream 2).
These pipelines carry natural gas from Russia through the Baltic Sea to Germany.
Earlier this week two other leaks were found near Denmark.
The Danish military released a video saying it had seen gas bubbles on the surface of the sea off the island of Bornholm.
At the time of the leak, both were not supplying gas to Europe. Methane leaks from broken pipelines have also caused serious concern to environmentalists.
Germany is Russia’s biggest European gas consumer, and most of it comes through the Nord Stream.
Nord Stream Pipeline
Nord Stream has two pipelines, each containing two lines.
Nord Stream 1
It was completed in 2011. It runs from Vyborg in northwest Russia to Lubmin in northeastern Germany via the Baltic Sea.
Nord Stream 2
In 2015, Russian energy major Gazprom and five other European firms decided to form Nord Stream 2.
It runs from Ust-Luga in Russia to Greifswald in Germany through the Baltic Sea and was completed in September 2021.
It will carry 55 billion cubic metres of gas every year.
Nord Stream 1 and 2 together will supply an aggregate of 110 billion cubic metres of gas to Germany per year.
The pipeline falls in the territory of EU members Germany and Denmark.
In December 2019, work on the project was suspended due to the threat of US sanctions.
In January 2021, the US sanctioned a Russian ship carrying out pipe laying work for the project.
An agreement was reached between the US and Germany on the Nord Stream 2 pipeline.
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