Shyama Prasad Mookerjee 121st Birth Anniversary
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The 121st birth anniversary of Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee, who served as the first Industry Minister of independent India, was observed on 6th July.
Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and PM Modi have paid tributes to Dr Syama Prasad Mookerjee on his birth anniversary.
Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee
Syama Prasad Mookerjee was born on July 6, 1901 in Calcutta in a Bengali Hindu family.
The name of his father was Ashutosh Mookerjee who was a judge of the High Court of Calcutta.
His father was also Vice-Chancellor of the University of Calcutta.
He graduated in English in 1921 from Presidency College.
In 1923, he also completed his MA in Bengali.
In 1934, he became the youngest Vice-Chancellor of Calcutta University.
Rabindranath Tagore gave the convocation address in Bengali during his tenure as Vice-Chancellor.
This marked the beginning of the end of English dominance over Bengali and other Indian languages.
He began his political career in 1929 when he entered the Bengal Legislative Council as a candidate of the Indian National Congress.
However, the INC chose to boycott the legislature the following year and he resigned.
Thereafter, he contested as an independent candidate and was elected.
In 1941–1942, he served as Bengal Province’s Finance Minister for A K Fazlul Haq’s Progressive Coalition government, which was formed as a result of the resignations of the Congress government.
Syama Prasad Mookerjee joined the Hindu Mahasabha in Bengal in 1939 and became its acting president.
He opposed India's policy of autonomy of Jammu & Kashmir.
He was arrested during Jana Sangh’s agitation against Kashmir policy and died during detention.
His efforts resulted in the formal formation of the All India Bharatiya Jana Sangh in October 1950.
He died on 23 June 1953.
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