Union Labour Ministry releases July-Sept. 2021 employment figures

Tags: National News

Union Minister for Labour & Employment, Shri Bhupender Yadav released the report on the second round of Quarterly Employment Survey (QES) part of the All-India Quarterly Establishment-based Employment Survey (AQEES) as of 01st July 2021.

Union Labour Ministry releases July-Sept. 2021 employment figures

  • The AQEES has been taken up to provide frequent (quarterly) updates about the employment and related variables of establishments in both organized and unorganized segments of nine selected sectors which account for a great majority of the total employment in the non-farm establishments. 

The nine selected sectors are :-



Financial Services





Accommodation & Restaurant


  • The report on Quarterly Employment Survey being a demand-side survey along with supply-side survey i.e Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) will bridge data gaps on employment in the country
  • The second round of QES had a reference date of 1st July 2021 for the different items of information about an establishment. Data were collected through field visits from 11,503 establishments, out of the 12,038 establishments selected in the sample.

Key Highlights of the Report-

  • The estimated total employment in the nine selected sectors in this round of QES (July-September, 2021) came out as 3.10 crore approximately, which is 2 lakhs higher than the estimated employment (3.08 crore) from the first round of QES (April-June, 2021)
  • Of the total employment estimated in the selected nine sectors, 
  • Manufacturing accounted for nearly 39%
  • Education with 22%
  • Health around 10%
  • IT/BPOs sectors both around 10%
  • Trade and Transport sectors engaged 5.3% and 4.6% respectively. 
  • It is pertinent to mention that percentage for the IT/BPO sector in Quarter 1 was only 7.
  • The overall percentage of female workers stood at  32.1, higher than 29.3% reported during the first round of QES.
  • Regular workers constitute 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2% being casual workers. However, in the Construction sector, 20% of the workers were contractual and 6.4% were casual workers.
  • Out of all working in seven of the nine sectors (excluding Education and health)-
  • 28.4% were secondary or less educated
  • 37.0% were graduates or had higher qualifications. This was as high as 91.6% in the IT/BPO sector and 59.8% in Financial Services. 
  • In the Health and Education sector
  • 18% of the non-Clinical workers were secondary or less educated
  • 26.4% in the non-Teaching staff of the Education sector were secondary or less educated. 
  • More than 40% of the employees in these two sectors were at least graduates.
  • Nearly 90% of the establishments had less than 100 workers, while 30% of the IT/BPO establishments had at least 100 workers. 
  • 23.5% of all the establishments were registered under the Companies Act, this percentage was as high as 82.8% in IT / BPO, 51.2% in Construction, 42.8% in Manufacturing, 36.4% in Transport, 32.1% in Trade and 23.8% in financial services. The others were operating as registered societies, or registered under the Goods and Service Tax Act, 2017 or under Shops & Commercial Establishments Act, 1958.
  • 5.6% of the total establishments had reported vacancies, a total of 4.3 lakh. While most of the vacancies (65.8%) were for unspecified reasons, 23% were due to resignation, and 11.7% were due to retirement of employees.

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