Uttar Pradesh government launches Nand Baba Milk Mission scheme
In a bid to make Uttar Pradesh a leading state in the field of milk development and milk production, the state government has launched the Nand Baba Milk Mission scheme on 6th June at a cost of Rs 1,000 crore.
An overview of the news
The mission is implemented to facilitate milk producers to sell their milk at reasonable prices in villages through dairy cooperatives.
Under this mission, it is proposed to form a Dairy farmer producer organisation (Dairy FPO) in order to facilitate sale of milk in producers’ villages itself.
There is a plan to set up five dairy FPOs in five districts of the state as a pilot project in the financial year 2023-24, in which women will also play a major role.
Besides the opening of office of the Nand Baba Milk Mission at Gomtinagar, a ‘Dairy Development Portal’ and logo of Nand Baba Mission has also been unveiled by Cabinet Minister, Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Dharampal Singh.
Indian Dairy Sector
India ranks first in milk production and contributes 24% to global milk production.
The top 5 milk producing states are: Uttar Pradesh (14.9%), Rajasthan (14.6%), Madhya Pradesh (8.6%), Gujarat (7.6%) and Andhra Pradesh (7.0%).
Dairy is the single largest agricultural item contributing 5% to the national economy, which has been 6.4% in the last 5 years.
About 8 crore people are directly or indirectly employed in the dairy industry.
Some important facts related to milk and milk products
India is the world's largest milk producer, accounting for 23 percent of global production. It is followed by the United States, China, Pakistan and Brazil.
Uttar Pradesh is the largest milk producing state in India and accounts for more than 17% of the total milk production in India.
The per capita availability of milk in India is 406 grams per day.
Ordinary milk contains85 percent water and the remaining part consists of solid elements ie minerals and fat.
Milk contains protein, calcium and riboflavin (vitamin B-2).
Milk also contains vitamins A, D, K and E including phosphorus, magnesium, iodine and many minerals and fat and energy.
The purity of milk is measured by lactometer.
National Milk Research Institute is located at Karnal (Haryana).
An organic compound called lactose is found in milk.
The pH value of fresh milk is 6. When milk changes into curd, its pH value becomes less than 6.
Lactobacillus bacteria help in curdling of milk.
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