Uttar Pradesh government launches Nand Baba Milk Mission scheme

Tags: Government Schemes State News

In a bid to make Uttar Pradesh a leading state in the field of milk development and milk production, the state government has launched the Nand Baba Milk Mission scheme on 6th June at a cost of Rs 1,000 crore.

An overview of the news

  • The mission is implemented to facilitate milk producers to sell their milk at reasonable prices in villages through dairy cooperatives.

  • Under this mission, it is proposed to form a Dairy farmer producer organisation (Dairy FPO) in order to facilitate sale of milk in producers’ villages itself.

  • There is a plan to set up five dairy FPOs in five districts of the state as a pilot project in the financial year 2023-24, in which women will also play a major role.

  • Besides the opening of office of the Nand Baba Milk Mission at Gomtinagar, a ‘Dairy Development Portal’ and logo of Nand Baba Mission has also been unveiled by Cabinet Minister, Livestock and Dairy Development Department, Dharampal Singh.

Indian Dairy Sector

  • India ranks first in milk production and contributes 24% to global milk production.

  • The top 5 milk producing states are: Uttar Pradesh (14.9%), Rajasthan (14.6%), Madhya Pradesh (8.6%), Gujarat (7.6%) and Andhra Pradesh (7.0%).

  • Dairy is the single largest agricultural item contributing 5% to the national economy, which has been 6.4% in the last 5 years.

  • About 8 crore people are directly or indirectly employed in the dairy industry.

Some important facts related to milk and milk products

  • India is the world's largest milk producer, accounting for 23 percent of global production. It is followed by the United States, China, Pakistan and Brazil.

  • Uttar Pradesh is the largest milk producing state in India and accounts for more than 17% of the total milk production in India.

  • The per capita availability of milk in India is 406 grams per day.

  • Ordinary milk contains85 percent water and the remaining part consists of solid elements ie minerals and fat.

  • Milk contains protein, calcium and riboflavin (vitamin B-2).

  • Milk also contains vitamins A, D, K and E including phosphorus, magnesium, iodine and many minerals and fat and energy.

  • The purity of milk is measured by lactometer.

  • National Milk Research Institute is located at Karnal (Haryana).

  • An organic compound called lactose is found in milk.

  • The pH value of fresh milk is 6. When milk changes into curd, its pH value becomes less than 6.

  • Lactobacillus bacteria help in curdling of milk.

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