World Cup Day - 7 October

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World Cotton Day is celebrated every year on 7 October to emphasize the global importance of cotton.

An Overview of the News

  • The objective of World Cotton Day is to promote technological progress in cotton production, cotton products and cotton cultivation.

  • The Union Textiles Ministry observed World Cotton Day 2023 on 7 October.

  • The conference's theme was "Enhancing the quality and productivity of Indian cotton through policy, innovation, and technology upgradation."

  • The event was organized in collaboration with the EU-Resource Efficiency Initiative, Cotton Corporation of India Limited (CCI) and GIZ.

Bale Identification and Traceability System (BITS):

  • CCI launches the 'Bail Identification and Traceability System' (BITS) using blockchain technology.

  • BITS assigns a QR code to each cotton bale for transparent tracking of quality information including origin, processing factory, storage details and timestamp.

The theme of World Cotton Day 2023:

  • The United Nations has set its theme as 'Making cotton fair and sustainable for all: from farm to fashion'.

  • The theme highlights the role of cotton in economic development, international trade and poverty alleviation.

Global Cotton Production:

  • India is the leader in cotton production, contributing 38% of the total world cotton production.

  • China is the second largest cotton producer globally.

History of World Cotton Day:

  • In 2012, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali proposed celebrating World Cotton Day at the World Trade Organization (WTO).

  • The first World Cotton Day event organized by WTO took place in 2019 with the support of FAO, ICAC and UNCTAD.

Description of Cotton Cultivation:

  • Cotton is a Kharif crop and is suitable for dry climates.

  • It usually takes 6 to 8 months to mature.

  • Cotton covers 2.1% of the world's arable land and meets 27% of global textile needs.

  • Ideal conditions for cotton production: temperature (21-30 °C), rainfall (50-100 cm), soil (black cotton soil with good drainage, soil of Deccan plateau is suitable).


  • There are four cultivated species of cotton: Gossypium arboreum, G. Herbacem, G. hirsutum, and G. barbadense.

BT Cotton:

  • Bt cotton is a genetically modified insect-resistant variety of cotton.

Cotton Products:

  • Cotton is used to make textiles, fiber, oil and animal feed.

Top cotton-producing countries:

  • The top three cotton-producing countries globally are India, China and the United States.

Top cotton-producing states in India:

  • Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan are the major cotton-producing states of India.

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