World Cup Day - 7 October
Tags: Important Days
World Cotton Day is celebrated every year on 7 October to emphasize the global importance of cotton.
An Overview of the News
The objective of World Cotton Day is to promote technological progress in cotton production, cotton products and cotton cultivation.
The Union Textiles Ministry observed World Cotton Day 2023 on 7 October.
The conference's theme was "Enhancing the quality and productivity of Indian cotton through policy, innovation, and technology upgradation."
The event was organized in collaboration with the EU-Resource Efficiency Initiative, Cotton Corporation of India Limited (CCI) and GIZ.
Bale Identification and Traceability System (BITS):
CCI launches the 'Bail Identification and Traceability System' (BITS) using blockchain technology.
BITS assigns a QR code to each cotton bale for transparent tracking of quality information including origin, processing factory, storage details and timestamp.
The theme of World Cotton Day 2023:
The United Nations has set its theme as 'Making cotton fair and sustainable for all: from farm to fashion'.
The theme highlights the role of cotton in economic development, international trade and poverty alleviation.
Global Cotton Production:
India is the leader in cotton production, contributing 38% of the total world cotton production.
China is the second largest cotton producer globally.
History of World Cotton Day:
In 2012, Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad and Mali proposed celebrating World Cotton Day at the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The first World Cotton Day event organized by WTO took place in 2019 with the support of FAO, ICAC and UNCTAD.
Description of Cotton Cultivation:
Cotton is a Kharif crop and is suitable for dry climates.
It usually takes 6 to 8 months to mature.
Cotton covers 2.1% of the world's arable land and meets 27% of global textile needs.
Ideal conditions for cotton production: temperature (21-30 °C), rainfall (50-100 cm), soil (black cotton soil with good drainage, soil of Deccan plateau is suitable).
There are four cultivated species of cotton: Gossypium arboreum, G. Herbacem, G. hirsutum, and G. barbadense.
Bt cotton is a genetically modified insect-resistant variety of cotton.
Cotton is used to make textiles, fiber, oil and animal feed.
Top cotton-producing countries:
The top three cotton-producing countries globally are India, China and the United States.
Top cotton-producing states in India:
Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Rajasthan are the major cotton-producing states of India.
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