World Hepatitis Day
Tags: Important Days
Every year on 28 July the world observes "World Hepatitis Day" to raise awareness about this deadly liver infection.
The theme for the year 2022 - “Bringing hepatitis care closer to you”.
It aims to highlight the need to bring hepatitis care closer to primary health care facilities and communities, to ensure better access to treatment and care.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. It is an infectious disease caused by hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D and E.
The other causes of the disease are medicines, toxins, drugs, and alcohol.
Hepatitis is the only communicable disease with increasing mortality.
Hepatitis A and E are limited types of disease (i.e. they go away on their own) and do not require any specific antiviral medications.
Effective drugs are available for hepatitis B and C.
Effect of Hepatitis
Southeast Asia accounts for 20% of the global morbidity burden of hepatitis.
About 95% of all hepatitis-related deaths are due to cirrhosis and liver cancer caused by the hepatitis B and C viruses.
Viral hepatitis, caused by the hepatitis virus, remains a major public health problem in India.
A global target has been set to eliminate viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030.
An Integrated Regional Action Plan for Viral Hepatitis, HIV and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) 2022-2026 is being developed by WHO.
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