World Minority Rights Day
Tags: Important Days
International Minority Rights Day is celebrated every year on 18 December across the world.
The purpose of this day is to maintain the right to freedom and equality for minorities and to create awareness about the respect of minorities.
The day focuses on the challenges and issues faced by minority communities of different ethnic origins.
The government on this day ensures efforts to guarantee their rights of non-discrimination and equality.
The theme of 2022 is "All in 4 Minority Rights".
In India, this day is organised by the National Commission for Minorities.
The National Commission for Minorities was established in the year 1992 by the Central Government under the National Commission for Minorities Act.
Background of the day
The United Nations on December 18, 1992, adopted and broadcast the Statement on the individual's Rights belonging to Religious or Linguistic National or Ethnic Minorities.
Who are Minorities?
According to the definition of the United Nations, a community that does not have any influence socially, economically and politically and whose population is negligible, will be called a minority.
The word 'minority' has been used in Articles 29, 30, 350A and 350B of the Indian Constitution but its definition has not been given.
In India, minority applies to Muslim, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhist, Parsis (Zoroastrian) and Jain religions.
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