World Thyroid Awareness Day - 25 May

Tags: Important Days

World Thyroid Awareness Day is observed every year on 25 May.

An Overview of the News

  • The day aims to spread awareness about thyroid-related disorders, including their symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options.

  • It is dedicated to thyroid sufferers and those involved in the study and treatment of thyroid diseases.

  • World Thyroid Awareness Day aims to educate people about the importance of maintaining a healthy thyroid gland.

  • The day promotes collaboration among health professionals, organisations and individuals in the field of thyroid diseases.

History of World Thyroid Awareness Day

  • The day was first proposed in 2007 at the Annual General Meeting (AGM) of Thyroid Federation International and the meeting decided to celebrate World Thyroid Day on 25 May every year.

  • In 1965, the European Thyroid Association (ETA) was founded.

  • The year 2008 was chosen as the first year to celebrate World Thyroid Day.

About Thyroid

  • Location: The thyroid gland is a small butterfly-shaped gland in the neck below the throat (Adam's Apple).

  • Function: It produces hormones that regulate metabolism, growth, development, and energy levels.

  • Hormones: The main hormones produced are T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine), which control various bodily functions.

  • Hypothyroidism: When the thyroid produces too few hormones, it causes symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

  • Hyperthyroidism: Excessive thyroid hormone production results in symptoms such as weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and anxiety.

  • Diagnosis:Medical history, physical exam, blood tests, and imaging are used to diagnose thyroid disorders.

  • Treatment: Treatment options include medication, radioactive iodine therapy, and surgery.

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