Current Affairs search results for tag: national
By admin: Feb. 17, 2022

1. Government of India launches welfare scheme SEED for Denotified Tribes

Tags: National News

Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment, Dr. Virendra Kumar launched the Scheme for Economic Empowerment of Denotified (SEED), Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Communities  on 16 February 2022 at  New Delhi.

It will be an umbrella scheme for the empowerment of Denotified Tribes, Nomadic Tribes and Semi-Nomadic Tribes. 

It includes:  

  1. Educational empowerment- Free coaching to students from these communities for Civil Services, entry to professional courses like medicine, engineering, MBA, etc.

  2. Health Insurance through Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Yojana ( PMJAY) of National Health Authority.

  3. Livelihoods to support income generation, and

  4. Housing 

Allocation for the scheme 

Government has allocated Rs.200 crore for the scheme for the next  five years beginning 2021-22. 

Concept clearing 

Denotified Tribe (DNT)

In 1871 the British Parliament passed Criminal Tribes Act 1871. It designated certain nomadic tribes in India as criminals and crime was considered to be their hereditary profession. 

  • After Independence,the Government of India set up a committee headed by Mr. Ananthsayanam Ayyangar in 1949 to review the Criminal Tribes Act.

  • On the recommendation of the Ayyangar Committee the The CriminalTribes Act was repealed in 1952.  Hence they are now called Denotified Tribes. For example Sansi, Bazigar, Bauria, Perna, Kanjars,  etc. 

Nomadic Tribes(NT) are those tribes which move from one place to another for earning their livelihood.  

Semi Nomadic Tribes (SNT) are those nomadic tribes which have a fixed place to live. They move from place to place for livelihood but return to their place of residence at least once a year. 

Full form for exam 

SEED: Scheme for Economic Empowerment of  Denotified, Nomadic and Semi Nomadic Communities

DNT: Denotified Tribe

SNT : Semi Nomadic Tribes

By admin: Feb. 17, 2022

2. Government makes helmet mandatory for children below 4 year on Motorcycle

Tags: National News

The Union Road Transport and Highways has made helmet and safety belt mandatory for children between nine months and upto 4 years sitting on the back of the motorcycle.

  • According to the new rule the speed of a motorcycle with a child up to the age of four years being carried on the pillion will not be more than 40 kmph.

  • These new rules were made by the Government by amending the section  Rule 138 of Central Motor Vehicle Rule (CMVR), 1989.

Points to Know 

Section 129 of the Motor Vehicles Act 1989, provides that any person who is not a Sikh wearing a turban, has to wear a protective headgear (helmet) while driving or sitting on a motorcycle or vehicle as notified by the government.

Full Form for Exam 

CMVR : Central Motor Vehicle Rule

By admin: Feb. 17, 2022

3. G. Ashok Kumar appointed as the first National Maritime Security Coordinator

Tags: Popular Person in news National News

The Government of India has appointed Vice Admiral (retd) G Ashok Kumar as India’s first National Maritime Security Coordinator(NMSC).

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) headed by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave its approval to create the post in November 2021.  

  • The NMSC will be responsible for coordinating the various agencies which are involved in coastal security of India like the Indian Navy, Coast Guard, State Police and other agencies.

  • He will directly report to the National Security Advisor Ajit Doval.

  • India has a coastline of 7516.6 Km which encompases 13 States and Union Territory.

Why the need of such a post 

On November 26, 2008, 10 Pakistani terrorists sneaked into Mumbai through the sea, arriving by boat from Karachi and created a havoc in Mumbai killing around 166 people. This terrorist incident in Mumbai brought into light the complete lack of coordination amongst the security agencies. 

To prevent such security failure in future and for better coordination amongst security agencies this post has been created.

Important Full form for Exams 

CCS : Cabinet Committee on Security 

NMSC: National Maritime Security Coordinator 

NSA: National Security Advisor 

By admin: Feb. 16, 2022

4. Prime Minister Inaugurates TERI's World Sustainable Development Summit 2022

Tags: National News

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the The Energy and Resource Institute (TERI) World Sustainable Development Summit on 16th February, 2022 through video conferencing.

  • The theme for this year’s Summit is ‘Towards a Resilient Planet: Ensuring a Sustainable and Equitable Future’.

  • The Summit will be held from 16 -18 February 2022.

  • The summit was  also addressed by the President of Guyana Dr Irfaan Ali, Environment minister Bhupendra Yadav.

TERI 

  • TERI was set up as a Tata Energy Research Institute by the Tata group in 1974.
  • It was renamed The Energy Research Institute in 2003.
  • The Headquarters of TERI : New Delhi 
  • Director -General of TERI: Vibha Dhawan.
  • TERI  is engaged in research and development in  the field of energy, environment, climate change and sustainability.

By admin: Feb. 16, 2022

5. Highway Construction fell to a four year low in 2021-22

Tags: National News

  • Highway construction fell to a four-year low of 22.2 km per day during the April-January period of the current financial year, mainly because multiple cyclones and heavy rains affected construction in the southern states in recent months.
  • India built highways at a pace of 30.4 km/day in the same period in the last financial year, despite the pandemic.
  • The government has also lowered the  target for highway construction for the year  to 33 km/day from 40 km/day set earlier.
  • The government of India has set a target to construct 12,000 Km of National Highway in 2021-22.
  • The target for construction of national highways  for 2022-23 is 25,000 km.

IMPORTANT FACTS :

  • India has the second largest road network in the world after  the United States of America .

  • The total road network in India at the end of 31 December 2021 was around  63.72 lakh Km.

  • This comprises National Highways 1,40,995 km, State Highways 1,71,039 km, and  Expressway,District Roads and Village roads combining  60,59,813 km.

States Having Largest Network of National Highways as on 31 December 2021.

Rank 

State 

Length of National Highways 

1

Maharashtra 

18,317 Km 

2

Uttar Pradesh

12,245

3

Rajasthan 

10,477 Km

4

Madhya Pradesh

8,772 Km

5. 

Karnataka 


7,335 Km 

State which has the shortest National Highway (length wise) Goa. It has 293 Km of National Highways. 

Source of Data:  Annual Report 2020-21, Union  Ministry of  Road Transport and Highways 

Union Minister of  Road Transport and Highways : Nitin Gadkari

  •  

By admin: Feb. 16, 2022

6. Indian IT sector to grow to $227 billion in 2022: NASSCOM

Tags: Economics/Business National News

National Association of Software and  Services Companies(NASSCOM)  expects the Indian Information Technology(IT) sector to cross $ 200 billion revenue for the first time and is expected to touch $227 billion in 2021-22.

  • The  expected growth rate of 15.5% in 2021-22 will be the highest growth rate since 2011 in the revenue of the IT sector .

  • It has set a target of $ 350 billion revenue by 2026.

  • The IT sector in India created 4.5 lakh new jobs in 2021-22 of which about 44% were women employees. Around 18 lakh women work in the sector . 

  • Exports from India grew by 17.2% and it was $178 billion which is over 51 % of India’s total service sector exports.

  • Ecommerce recorded a growth of 39 per cent to reach $79 billion in 2021-22.

  • The new age digital service sector saw  a 25%  growth in revenue to reach $13 billion  and now contributes to around 32 per cent of  the total IT sector revenue .

  • India has  emerged as a global hub for digital talent with over five million tech workers.

  • Around  one out of three employees already digitally skilled, the digital tech talent pool is at 16 lakhs.

NASSCOM

  • The National Association of Software and  Services Companies(NASSCOM) was set up in 1988

  • It is a non profit organisation of IT  sector companies in India  

  • It is a lobby group which works for the promotion of the IT sector and its companies in India and abroad.

Chairman of NASSCOM : U.B.Pravin Rao

President : Debjani Ghosh 

Important for Exam 

FULL FORM 

NASSCOM : The National Association of Software and  Services Companies

By admin: Feb. 16, 2022

7. Emergency declared in Canada

Tags: International News

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on 14 February 2022, declared an emergency in the country in an effort to end protests that have shut important trade routes with the United States and paralyzed parts of the capital, Ottawa.

  • Protest started in Canada when a new rule was introduced last month that all truckers must be vaccinated to cross the US-Canada border.

  • The truckers started protesting against that and started a convoy of trucks, cars and other vehicles to block the key Ambassador Bridge.

  • It is a vital trade route between Canada and the United States. It carries  around 25% of the total merchandise trade between the two countries.

  • The protest became popular as “Freedom Convoy”. It soon drew people who were opposed to Trudeau's policies on everything from pandemic restrictions to a carbon tax. Similar protests also emerged in New Zealand, Australia, Israel and France.

  • The protest was broken up by the police on 13 February after the United States government expressed concern at the blockade which was affecting the auto industry in Detroit, US.

  • The Canadian government accused the protesters of getting foreign funding and the protest was detrimental to the economy and public safety of Canada. Under the Emergency act the Canadian police and law enforcement agencies will have power to block foreign funding of the protesters.

Important for Exam 

Ambassador Bridge 

The Ambassador Bridge is an international suspension bridge on the river  Detroit. It connects the Detroit city of Michigan, United States with the Windsor city of Ontario, Canada.

It is the largest suspension bridge in the world.

Detroit 

It is known as the automobile capital of the world. It is also called Motor City.

  • It is the home of the automobile giants of the United States , General Motors, Ford and Chrysler.

  • It is the birthplace of the modern automobile industry. For the first time an assembly line production technique was used by Henry Ford to mass produce cars for the people. It was the famous T model.

India’s Detroit : Chennai is considered to be India’s Detroit.

Fact Files Canada

  • It is the second largest country in the world area wise after Russia.

  • It shares 8,890-km ,the longest land boundary in the world with the United States.

  • The British monarch is the head of the State of Canada.

  • Prime Minister of Canada :  Justin Trudeau

  • Capital “ Ottawa 

  • Currency : Canadian Dollar .

By admin: Feb. 15, 2022

8. S.Jaishankar visit to Philippines

Tags: International News

Indian external affairs minister, S. Jaishankar visited the Philippines from February 13 to 15 2022. It was his first visit to the Philippines after becoming the External Affairs Minister.

  • He met his counterpart, Teddy Locsin Jr ,Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines (Foreign Minister of Philippines).

  •  Philippines became the first country in the world to buy India -Russia developed Brahmos missiles from India. 

  • The $375 million deal was signed between the two countries on January 28, 2022. The Philippines Navy will receive the first of these missiles by the end of 2022.

Fact File 

Philippines 

It is an archipelago consisting of more than 7000 islands . It is a part of South East Asia in the Western Pacific Ocean.

Capital : Manila 

Currency : Philippine Peso

President: Rodrigo Duterte

Asian Development Bank  has its headquarter at Manila 

By admin: Feb. 15, 2022

9. First Global Summit on Reimagining Museums in India

Tags: Summits National News

Minister of Culture, Tourism and Development of Northeastern Region (DoNER), Govt. of India Mr  G. Kishan Reddy ,inaugurated the two day Global Summit on  ‘Reimagining Museums in India” in Hyderabad on 15 Janaury 2022.

  • The summit will be held on 15 and 16 February 2022.

  • The global summit is being organised by the Union Ministry of Culture 

  • The summit is being attended by the delegates of  India, Australia, France, Italy, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom online .

By admin: Feb. 14, 2022

10. India improves its rank on Democracy Index 2021

Tags: National News

India has improved its ranks by 7 places to move to 46 rank in the Democracy Index 2021 released by the Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU) on 10 February 2022. It was ranked 53rd in the Democracy Index 2020.

India  was categorised as aflawed democracy along with the U.S.

Highlights of the Index 2021

  • The Democracy Index 2021 ranks167 countries and territories  of the world .

  • The EIU democracy Index ranks the country on the rating of 0 to 10. Country which scores 10 is a perfect democracy and a country scoring 0 is an Authoritarian country.

  • The top ranked country was Norway with a score of 9.75 and Afghanistan was ranked at the bottom,167th  with a score of 0.32.

  • India is ranked 46 on the global index with an overall score of 6.91. It has the lowest score of 5 on political culture and the highest score of 8.67 on electoral process and pluralism. It scores 6.18 on civil liberties, 7.22 on political participation.

  • Economic Intelligence Unit has divided the world into four types; Full democracy, Flawed democracies, Hybrid regimes, Authoritarian regimes. 

  • The top ranked Democratic countries were (rank wise ); Norway, New Zealand,Finland , Sweden , Iceland.

  • The bottom ranked countries: 167 ranked Afghanistan , 166 th  Myanmar ,165th  ranked  North Korea, 164 ranked Congo and 163 ranked Central African Republic.

Full form for Exams 

EIU : Economic Intelligence Unit