Current Affairs search results for tag: national-news
By admin: Jan. 30, 2023

1. India’s G-20 Sherpa Amitabh Kant inaugurates India’s first Model G-20 Summit

Tags: Summits National News

India’s G-20 Sherpa Amitabh Kant on 30 January inaugurated India’s first Model G-20 Summit organised by Rambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini’s Indian Institute of Democratic Leadership. 

An overview of the news

  • The two-day model G-20 summit has been organised at the Uttan campus of Rambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini near Mumbai to celebrate India's chairmanship and to take the idea of G-20 to the youth.

  • Dr Vinay Sahasrabuddhe, President of  Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) and Vice Chairman of Rambhau Mhalgi Prabodhini chaired the inaugural ceremony.

  • Indian Institute of Democratic Leadership (IIDL) organises Model International Leaders Meet (MILM) every year to orient students towards international relations.

  • During this two-day conference, students will get into the role of G-20 member countries and discuss various political and social issues in four committees or tracks, namely Leader Track, Sherpa Track, Civil-20 and Business-20.

  • Discussions ranging from global peace to democratisation of the world economic system will be included in the agenda.

  • A total of 150 youth from across the country will participate in the program and will play the role of delegates representing G-20 countries.

  • The best two delegates will be awarded cash prizes of Rs 15,000 and Rs 10,000.

By admin: Jan. 30, 2023

2. First International Financial Architecture Working Group Meeting of G20

Tags: National News

The first International Financial Architecture Working Group meeting under the G-20 Indian Presidency was inaugurated in Chandigarh on 30 January by Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Narendra Singh Tomar and Food Processing Industries Minister Pashupati Kumar Paras. 

An overview of the news

  • The deliberations during the two-day meeting were jointly moderated by the Ministry of Finance and the Reserve Bank of India along with France and Korea, which are co-chairs of the International Financial Architecture Working Group.

  • An event titled 'Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDCs): Opportunities and Challenges' was also organised during this meeting.

  • The first meeting of the G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors will be held in Bengaluru on 24-25 February 2023.

  • The theme of India's G-20 chairmanship, "Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam" or 'One Earth, One Family, One Future', underlines the message of equitable development and a shared future for all.

International Financial Architecture Working Group and objectives of meeting

  • The International Financial Structure Working Group is one of the important action plans under the G20 finance track.

  • It focuses on strengthening the international financial structure.

  • It aims to address various challenges faced by vulnerable countries.

  • About 100 delegates from G20 members, invited countries and international organisations participated in the two-day meeting.

Key issues of discussion

  • Ways to enhance the stability and cohesion of the international financial architecture and solutions to the global challenges of the 21st century.

  • Discussion on finding ways to maximise aid to poor and vulnerable countries.

  • Central Bank Digital Currencies (CBDC): Opportunities and Challenges

By admin: Jan. 30, 2023

3. PM Modi releases special Rs 75 coin to mark 75 successful years of NCC

Tags: National News

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 28 January released a special day cover and a commemorative specially minted coin of Rs 75 denomination on the occasion of 75 successful years of the National Cadet Corps (NCC).

An overview of the news

  • NCC rally was organised on the occasion of 75 years commemoration at Cariappa Maidan, Delhi on 28th January. 

  • 196 officers and cadets from 19 foreign countries participated in the rally.

  • On this occasion, PM Modi addressed the annual NCC Rally at Cariappa Parade Ground in Delhi.

  • At the event, PM Modi released a specially minted coin of Rs 75 denomination to commemorate 75 successful years of NCC.

National Cadet Corps (NCC)

  • The NCC was formed in 1948 on the recommendation of H N Kunzru Committee-1946 under National Cadet Corps Act, 1948.

  • NCC is the largest uniformed youth organisation in the world.

  • It is a voluntary organisation in which cadets are recruited from high schools, colleges and universities across India.

  • It is a tri-services organisation, comprising the Army, Navy and Air Force, engaged in grooming the youth into disciplined and patriotic citizens.

  • The motto of NCC is “Unity and Discipline”.

  • The Defence Ministry deals with NCC at the National level and the Education Ministry deals with NCC in all States.

  • NCC cadets have been instrumental in spreading awareness about various government initiatives like 'Swachhta Abhiyan', 'Mega Pollution Fortnight', 'Digital Literacy', 'International Yoga Day', 'Tree Plantation' and Covid-19 Vaccination.

  • Headquarters - New Delhi

  • Director General - Lt Gen Gurbirpal Singh

By admin: Jan. 29, 2023

4. Presidential election in the Czech Republic

Tags: Person in news International News

In the Czech Republic, retired army general Petr Pavel won the presidential election, defeating billionaire businesswoman Andrej Babis.

An overview of the news

  • Retired general Petr Pavel will replace controversial incumbent President Milos Zeman.

  • During the election, General Pavel got 58.2 percent of the votes while Andrzej Babis got 42.8 percent.

  • General Powell has been Chairman of the Military Committee of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).

  • General Powell has been an outspoken supporter of the European Union and NATO.

  • Pavel has repeatedly expressed his support for providing military and humanitarian aid to Ukraine during the Russia–Ukraine conflict.

About Czech Republic

  • It is a landlocked country in Central Europe.

  • Prime Minister - Petr Fiala

  • Capital - Prague

  • Currency - Czech koruna.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

5. UN General Assembly president to visit India from Jan 29-31

Tags: International Relations International News

UN General Assembly president to visit India from Jan 29-31

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) President Saba Korosi will visit India from January 29-31 to discuss multilateral and regional issues.

An overview of the news

  • Korosi, Hungarian diplomat who served as his country's Permanent Representative to the United Nations, is visiting India at the invitation of External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar.

  • He became the President of the 77th session of the United Nations General Assembly in September 2022.

  • Besides holding talks with Jaishankar on key multilateral and regional issues of mutual interest, Korosi will hold talks with senior officials of NITI Aayog and India's G20 Presidency team.

  • On January 30, Korosi will deliver a public speech at the Indian Council of World Affairs on the topic "Solidarity, Sustainability and Solutions through Science at the United Nations".

  • He will also attend the "Beating the Retreat" ceremony on January 29 and pay floral tributes to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat on January 30 on the occasion of Martyrs' Day.

  • On January 31, Korosi will travel to Bengaluru, which will include an interaction with scientists from the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and a field visit to an IISc-led water conservation project.

United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)

  • It is the United Nation’s chief policy-making and representative organ and was created in 1945.

  • It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN).

  • It serves as the main deliberative, policy making and representative organ of the United Nations.

  • Its powers, structure, functions and procedures are set out in Chapter IV of the United Nations Charter.

  • Its main functions are to prepare the budget of the United Nations, appoint non-permanent members to the Security Council, appoint the Secretary-General of the United Nations, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations system, and make recommendations through resolutions.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

6. Govt renames Delhi's Mughal Gardens as 'Amrit Udyan'

Tags: National News

Govt renames Delhi's Mughal Gardens as 'Amrit Udyan'

The Central government on 28 January renamed the Mughal Gardens in New Delhi's Rashtrapati Bhavan as 'Amrit Udyan'.

An overview of the news

  • In keeping with the theme of 'Amrit Mahotsav' to commemorate 75 years of India's independence, the Union Government has renamed the Mughal Gardens as Amrit Udyan.

  • On the occasion of 'Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav', the President of India has given a common name to Rashtrapati Bhavan Gardens as Amrit Udyan.

  • The Central Government had last year renamed Delhi’s iconic Rajpath as “Kartavya Path”. 

  • Rashtrapati Bhavan has a rich variety of gardens. Basically, they include East Lawn, Central Lawn, Long Garden and Circular Garden.

  • This time the gardens (Herbal Garden, Bonsai Garden, Central Lawn, Long Garden and Circular Garden) will remain open for about two months.

  • The gardens will open for the general public on January 31, 2023 and will remain open till March 26, 2023, except on Mondays. 

About Mughal Gardens

  • The Mughal Gardens were designed by Edwin Lutyens in 1917, and the first saplings were planted in 1928–1929.

  • Like the Rashtrapati Bhavan building, which has two different styles of architecture, Indian and Western.

  • Lutyens brought together two different horticultural traditions, the Mughal style and the English flower garden, for the gardens.

  • More gardens namely Herbal-I, Herbal-II, Tactile Garden, Bonsai Garden and Arogya Vanam were developed during the tenure of former Presidents Dr APJ Abdul Kalam and Ram Nath Kovind.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

7. Khadi Fest-23 inaugurated in Mumbai

Tags: Festivals National News

Khadi Fest-23 inaugurated in Mumbai

Manoj Kumar, Chairman, Khadi and Village Industries Commission, inaugurated the Khadi Fest- 23 which will run from January 27 to February 24, 2023 at the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) Headquarters in Mumbai. 

An overview of the news

  • Events and exhibitions like Khadi Fest, Khadi Institutions, Prime Minister's Employment Generation Program - PMEGP and Fund Scheme for Regeneration of Traditional Industries - SFURTI units provide a platform to bring thousands of artisan products directly to the customers.

  • The fest will showcase apparel made of Khadi, Pashmina, Kalamkari, Phulkari,  Tussar silk, etc while Dry-fruits, Tea, Kahwa, Honey, Bamboo Products, Carpets, Aloe Vera Products and others will be up for sale.

  • On 2 October this year, Khadi India's Delhi outlet created an all-time record of selling Khadi worth Rs 1.34 crore in a single day.

  • Last year, there was a record sale of one lakh fifteen thousand crore rupees of Khadi and village industry items.

  • Apart from this, the Khadi Fest-2022 held on 3rd October registered a sale of Rs.3.03 crore.

Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)

  • The Khadi Village Industries Commission was established in 1957 under the Khadi and Village Industries Commission Act 1956.

  • It is under the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.

  • It is responsible, along with other agencies, for the planning, promotion, organisation and implementation of programs for the development of Khadi and other village industries in rural areas.

  • KVIC Chairman: Manoj Kumar

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

8. Startup-20's two-day inception meeting begins in Hyderabad

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

A two-day inception meeting of the Startup-20, the new engagement group of G-20 initiated by India, has begun in Hyderabad on 28 January. 

An overview of the news

  • Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy, G-20 Sherpa Amitabh Kant, Startup-20 President Chintan Vaishnav, JS Ashish Sinha from G-20 Secretariat and around 180 delegates from G-20 participated.

  • As part of India's G20 presidency, a number of meetings and events will be held at various places across the country.

  • It will provide a common platform to startups from G20 member countries to discuss a range of issues related to their establishment and operations.

  • It aims to bridge the knowledge gap in the startup ecosystem economies of the member countries.

  • This will help the government to make startup friendly policies.

About Startup -20

  • Startup 20 is an important working group in the context of the need to generate more entrepreneurs for a growing economy.

  • Startup 20 is based on three distinct pillars which include Foundations and Alliances, Finance and Inclusivity and Sustainability.

  • The main objective of Startup 20 is to create a conducive environment for startups by increasing synergy between startups, corporates, investors, innovation agencies and other key ecosystem stakeholders.

  • With its rich background of culture of innovation, Hyderabad is an ideal location for the inception ceremony of Startup 20 of G20 group.

  • Startup 20 activities will include five events including Inception Meet, Summit and three other intervention events in different parts of India.

  • Startup 20 Summit will be held in Gurugram from 3rd July.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

9. Luminous to build India's first green solar panel factory in Uttarakhand

Tags: National News

Luminous Power Technologies on 27 January announced its plan to build the country's first green energy-based solar panel manufacturing factory in Uttarakhand.

An overview of the news

  • The new manufacturing plant located in Rudrapur is expected to be fully operational by the end of 2023.

  • This state-of-the-art facility will be equipped with the latest technology to design and produce high quality solar panels that will be used for both residential and commercial applications.

  • Spread over 4.5 lakh sq ft/10 acres, the facility will help enable a solar generation capacity of 500 MW per annum, which can be scaled up to 1 GW.

  • It will produce a range of solar panels with power output from 40W to 600W.

  • The plant has been certified as a green facility by the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) and will reduce CO2 emissions by over 70 million tonnes per year.

  • This solar panel facility is completely robotic and will harness energy from 100 percent solar power.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

10. Coal India Ltd to Launch M-Sand Projects in a Big Way

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

With a focus on cost-effective and high-quality sand production, Coal India Limited's subsidiaries will commission five M-Sand (sand) plants by 2024.

An overview of the news

  • Sand is classified as a "minor mineral" under the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.

  • Administrative control of minor minerals rests with the state governments and is regulated through state specific rules.

  • Due to high demand, regular supply and complete ban on sand mining to protect the river ecosystem during monsoon, it has become very necessary to find an alternative to river sand.

  • The 'Sand Mining Framework' (2018) prepared by the Ministry of Mines envisages alternative sources of sand obtained in the form of sand (M-Sand) manufactured from crushed rock fines (crusher dust) from overburden (OB) of coal mines .

  • During 'opencast mining', the top soil and rocks are removed as waste and the broken rock (overburden or OB) is dumped in the dump to extract the coal.

What is M-sand?

  • It is a form of artificial sand, which is made by crushing hard stones, mainly rocks or granite, into fine particles, which are then washed and pulverized.

  • It is widely used as a substitute for river sand for construction purposes, mostly in the production of concrete and mortar mixes.

Advantages of M-sand 

  • Using manufactured sand is more economical than using natural sand, as it can be produced in large quantities at a lower cost.

  • This sand can have a uniform grain size, which can be beneficial for construction projects that require a specific type of sand.

  • The use of manufactured sand reduces the need for mining natural sand. The mining of natural sand has negative environmental impacts.

  • Its use can help reduce the amount of water needed for construction projects, as it does not need to be washed before use.

  • Manufactured sand is more granular and has a rougher surface, making it more practical for construction projects.