Current Affairs search results for tag: economyfinance
By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

1. Startup-20's two-day inception meeting begins in Hyderabad

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

A two-day inception meeting of the Startup-20, the new engagement group of G-20 initiated by India, has begun in Hyderabad on 28 January. 

An overview of the news

  • Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy, G-20 Sherpa Amitabh Kant, Startup-20 President Chintan Vaishnav, JS Ashish Sinha from G-20 Secretariat and around 180 delegates from G-20 participated.

  • As part of India's G20 presidency, a number of meetings and events will be held at various places across the country.

  • It will provide a common platform to startups from G20 member countries to discuss a range of issues related to their establishment and operations.

  • It aims to bridge the knowledge gap in the startup ecosystem economies of the member countries.

  • This will help the government to make startup friendly policies.

About Startup -20

  • Startup 20 is an important working group in the context of the need to generate more entrepreneurs for a growing economy.

  • Startup 20 is based on three distinct pillars which include Foundations and Alliances, Finance and Inclusivity and Sustainability.

  • The main objective of Startup 20 is to create a conducive environment for startups by increasing synergy between startups, corporates, investors, innovation agencies and other key ecosystem stakeholders.

  • With its rich background of culture of innovation, Hyderabad is an ideal location for the inception ceremony of Startup 20 of G20 group.

  • Startup 20 activities will include five events including Inception Meet, Summit and three other intervention events in different parts of India.

  • Startup 20 Summit will be held in Gurugram from 3rd July.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

2. Coal India Ltd to Launch M-Sand Projects in a Big Way

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

With a focus on cost-effective and high-quality sand production, Coal India Limited's subsidiaries will commission five M-Sand (sand) plants by 2024.

An overview of the news

  • Sand is classified as a "minor mineral" under the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957.

  • Administrative control of minor minerals rests with the state governments and is regulated through state specific rules.

  • Due to high demand, regular supply and complete ban on sand mining to protect the river ecosystem during monsoon, it has become very necessary to find an alternative to river sand.

  • The 'Sand Mining Framework' (2018) prepared by the Ministry of Mines envisages alternative sources of sand obtained in the form of sand (M-Sand) manufactured from crushed rock fines (crusher dust) from overburden (OB) of coal mines .

  • During 'opencast mining', the top soil and rocks are removed as waste and the broken rock (overburden or OB) is dumped in the dump to extract the coal.

What is M-sand?

  • It is a form of artificial sand, which is made by crushing hard stones, mainly rocks or granite, into fine particles, which are then washed and pulverized.

  • It is widely used as a substitute for river sand for construction purposes, mostly in the production of concrete and mortar mixes.

Advantages of M-sand 

  • Using manufactured sand is more economical than using natural sand, as it can be produced in large quantities at a lower cost.

  • This sand can have a uniform grain size, which can be beneficial for construction projects that require a specific type of sand.

  • The use of manufactured sand reduces the need for mining natural sand. The mining of natural sand has negative environmental impacts.

  • Its use can help reduce the amount of water needed for construction projects, as it does not need to be washed before use.

  • Manufactured sand is more granular and has a rougher surface, making it more practical for construction projects.

By admin: Jan. 28, 2023

3. Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) launches “Nidhi Aapke Nikat 2.0”

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) launched “Nidhi Aapke Nikat 2.0”- A District Outreach Program for expanding its presence in more than 685 districts of the country on 27 January.

An overview of the news

  • It was e-launched by Arti Ahuja, Secretary (Ministry of Labour & Employment) from the EPFO Headquarters, in the presence of Central Provident Fund Commissioner (CPFC) and officers of EPFO. 

  • It is a massive district outreach program in all the districts of the country through Nidhi Aapke Nikat program.

  • The objective of this program is to reach all the districts of the country on the same day i.e. 27th of every month. EPFO has organised camps in 685 districts of the country.

About EPFO

  • Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) is a statutory organisation  set up under the Union  ministry of Labour and Employment was set up in 1951 by an Ordinance issued by the President. 

  • Later Parliament passed the Employees' Provident Funds Scheme, act 1952.  

  • It is the country’s largest social security organisation.

  • EPFO assists the Central Board of Trustees in the administration of a provident fund scheme, pension scheme and an insurance scheme for the registered establishments in India. 

By admin: Jan. 27, 2023

4. India's GDP estimated to be 5.8% in UN report 'Global Economic Situation and Prospects-2023'

Tags: National Economy/Finance

India's GDP estimated to be 5.8% in UN report 'Global Economic Situation and Prospects-2023'

In the last week of January 2023, the United Nations has projected India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to be 5.8 percent in FY 2023 in the report 'Global Economic Situation and Prospects-2023'. This is slightly lower than the 6.4 percent projected in 2022.

An overview of the news:

  • According to the United Nations, the main reason for the decrease in India's GDP growth rate is high interest rate, investment due to global economic slowdown, pressure on exports etc.

  • Whereas, the United Nations has projected India's economic growth to remain "strong" while the outlook for other South Asian countries is "more challenging".

  • The report attributed this to the situation arising out of the covid epidemic and the Russia-Ukraine war, due to which a food and energy crisis has arisen and a significant increase in inflation is being seen.

Report in Global Perspective:

  • The UN report states that global output growth is projected to decline from an estimated 3% in 2022 to 1.9% in 2023, the lowest in recent decades.

  • The United Nations estimates that global growth in 2022 was 3 percent. The report forecasts global trade to grow at 0.4 percent and the world economy at 1.9 percent in 2023.

Report prepared by:

  • The report has been prepared by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, and the Regional Economic Commissions for Africa, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia and the Pacific, and Western Asia.

By admin: Jan. 20, 2023

5. India to become $26 trillion economy by 2047: EY report

Tags: Reports Economy/Finance

An EY report states that the Indian economy is likely to reach $26 trillion by the year 2047, which will also be the 100th year of India's independence.

An overview of the news

  • The report also pointed out that the country's per capita income would cross $15,000, making it among the top developed economies.

  • The report also pointed out that despite maintaining a steady but modest growth rate of 6% per annum, India would still be able to become a $26 trillion economy by 2047–48, with per capita income six times higher than current levels.

  • According to the report certain factors have contributed to bring India to a position of high and sustainable growth.

  • These include accelerated pace of economic reforms in critical areas such as social inclusion, financial inclusion, fiscal, physical and digital infrastructure.

  • This has ultimately resulted in increased global competitiveness of Indian businesses and entrepreneurs.

  • An area with major potential is services exports which are set to grow by 14% over the past two decades to reach $254.5 billion in 2021-22.

  • Other enabling areas include 'digitalisation'.

Government’s efforts

  • Government's focus on increasing the country's digital infrastructure

  • Efforts towards e-governance

  • A strong digital payment ecosystem

  • Introduction of digital services in almost all domains

  • Large telecom subscriber base of 1.2 billion

  • 837 million internet users, etc.

Focus Areas

  • macroeconomic stability,

  • more energy independence,

  • ease of doing business,

  • power sector reform

What is EY report?

  • Launched in 2011, EY Reporting is EY Global Assurance’s insights hub.

  • It provides thought leadership on the issues global companies face in communicating corporate performance.

By admin: Jan. 20, 2023

6. India produces record over 5,000 lakh metric tons of sugarcane in sugar season 2021-22

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

According to the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution a record more than 5,000 Lakh Metric Tons (LMT) sugarcane was produced during the 2021-22 sugar season. 

An overview of the news

  • About 394 LMT sugar was produced from about 3,574 LMT sugarcane. Out of this, 36 LMT sugar was diverted for ethanol production.

  • During 2021-22, sugar mills received revenue of more than 20 thousand crore rupees from the sale of ethanol.

  • During the sugar season between October and September 2021-22, India has emerged as the world's largest producer and consumer of sugar.

  • India has also become the second largest sugar exporter in the world after Brazil.

  • Cane dues for sugar season 2021-22 are less than Rs 2,300 crore indicating that 98% of cane dues have already been cleared. 

  • For Sugar Season 2020-21, about 99.98% cane dues are cleared.

  • Despite the record high international sugar prices, the domestic sugar prices are stable and are in the range of Rs 32-35 per kg.

  • The average retail price of sugar in the country is around Rs 41.50/kg and is likely to remain in the range of Rs 37-43/kg in the coming months.

The largest producer of sugarcane in the world

  • Brazil is the largest producer of sugarcane in the world. India is the second largest producer of sugarcane.

  • Brazil produced about 32 million tons of sugar in 2021-22.

Major sugarcane-producing states in India

  • Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka account for nearly 80 percent of the total sugar production in the country.

  • The other major sugarcane-producing states are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Haryana, and Punjab.

  • Since 2010-11, India has consistently produced surplus sugar, comfortably exceeding the domestic requirements.

By admin: Jan. 20, 2023

7. 8th Annual General Body Meeting of Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE)

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

Union Minister for Tourism, Culture G Kishan Reddy and Union Minister for Education and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Dharmendra Pradhan co-chaired the 18th Annual General Meeting of the Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE), Guwahati on 19 January.

An overview of the news

  • The Ministers reviewed the functioning of the Institute and discussed the way forward.

  • During the meeting, a holistic approach of the government for skill development in the North Eastern region was suggested.

  • Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan suggested that the focus should be on future skills and IIEs should work in tandem with multiple ministries at the grassroots level.

  • The institute should tie up with major centres of excellence like IITs and IIMs and provide degree courses for students in cutting edge courses like data analytics etc.

  • Both the ministers also co-chaired a meeting to review the preparedness of several activities under 'Ek Bharat, Shreshtha Bharat'.

Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE)

  • It was established in the year 1993 at Guwahati by the then Ministry of Industry (now Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises), Government of India.

  • It is an autonomous national institute that conducts training, research and consultancy activities in small and micro enterprises with a focus on entrepreneurship development.

  • It aims to promote entrepreneurship and provide research and consultancy for entrepreneurship development.

By admin: Jan. 17, 2023

8. Warehousing Development Regulatory Authority signs MoU with SBI

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

Warehousing Development Regulatory AuthorityWarehousing Development Regulatory Authority (WDRA) signed a memorandum (MoU) of understanding with State Bank of India to help farmers in getting low interest rate loans on 16 January.

An overview of the news

  • The objective of the MoU is to provide information on the benefits to the depositors besides carrying out further activities to improve agricultural finance in India.

  • It is envisaged that the product will have far reaching consequences with regard to acceptance of e-NWRs (electronic Negotiable Warehouse Receipt) among small and marginal farmers. 

  • Combined with the inherent security and negotiability of the e-NWR system, the Produce Marketing Loan will go a long way in improving rural liquidity and increasing farmers income. 

Warehousing Development Regulatory Authority (WDRA)

  • WDRA was constituted on 26 October, 2010 under the Warehousing (Development and Regulation) Act, 2007.

  • It is a Statutory Authority under the Department of Food and Public Distribution, Government of India. 

  • The Authority has its Headquarters in New Delhi.

  • The Authority consists of a Chairperson and two Members appointed by the Central Government.

By admin: Jan. 16, 2023

9. Piyush Goyal launched MAARG portal for startup mentorship

Tags: Economy/Finance National News

Piyush Goyal launched MAARGCommerce and industry minister Piyush Goyal launched the MAARG platform (Mentorship, Advisory, Assistance, Resilience, and Growth) on 16 January.

An overview of the news

  • The portal would facilitate mentorship between startups and entrepreneurs across sectors, stages, and functions.

  • It will allow startups to connect with mentors and discuss their mentorship needs.

  • Startups can connect with academics, industry experts, successful founders, seasoned investors and others to receive personalised mentorship, clarity and practical advice on growth strategy.

Objectives of the MAARG Portal

  • To provide guidance and support to startups throughout their life cycle.

  • To establish a formal and structured platform that facilitates matchmaking between mentors and startups at large across diverse sectors.

  • Establishing a result-oriented mechanism that allows tracking of the progress of the mentor-startup engagement.

Key Functions of MAARG Portal

  • Tracking mentor and startup interactions to deliver impact.

  • Enabling video calls and communication through the platform.

  • Mobile friendly interface for ease of use.

  • Communicate recognition and benefits of mentor contributions.

  • Facilitate ecosystem supporters to host friendly events.

  • Providing feedback, query and complaint mechanism.

By admin: Jan. 16, 2023

10. Startup India Innovation Week 2023

Tags: Economy/Finance Important Days National News

Startup India Innovation Week 2023The 'Startup India Innovation Week' was organised by the 'Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade' (DPIIT) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry from January 10 to 16, 2023. 'National Startup Day' is also celebrated on 16 January.

An Overview of the news

  • The main objective of organising the Startup India Innovation Week is to engage the stakeholders of the startup ecosystem in the country and to foster the spirit of entrepreneurship and innovation in India.

  • In this, knowledge sharing sessions are organised for entrepreneurs, aspiring entrepreneurs. 

  • The sessions also included stakeholders from the startup ecosystem such as government officials, incubators, corporates and investors.

  • As a part of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, various startup related events were organised at more than 75 locations across the country to foster the spirit of entrepreneurship and innovation by engaging the startup community across the country.

  • These include dedicated workshops for women entrepreneurs, training of incubators, mentoring workshops, capacity building workshops, startup pitching sessions, etc.

National Startup Awards

  • To celebrate the National Startup Day, DPIIT organised a felicitation ceremony for the winners of the National Startup Awards, 2022 on January 16. 

  • The felicitation ceremony recognized and rewarded the excellence displayed by startups and ecosystem enablers across various sectors, sub-sectors and categories.

World's 3rd Startup Ecosystem in India

  • In the last few years, India has emerged as a 'hotspot' for startups. India has the third largest startup ecosystem in the world with 108 unicorns.

  • There were 471 startups in the country in 2016, which increased to 86,456 in 2023. There has been an astonishing growth of over 15,000% in the number of startups in India in 6 years. 

  • There were more than 100 unicorns in the country as of 5 May 2022, with a total valuation of $332.7 billion.

Startup India Programme

  • The Startup India campaign was launched on 16 January 2016. DPIIT has recognized more than 75 thousand startups to coincide with the 75th year of independence.

  • DPIIT under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry recently launched the MAARG portal.

  • In this portal one can get an opportunity to connect with experts, industry experts, successful startup founders, investors as well as world class mentors and experts.

  • In addition, under India's G20 chairmanship, Startup20 Engagement Group has been established. The establishment of Startup20 Engagement Group will encourage innovations and recognize the role of startups in the changing global landscape.