Current Affairs search results for tag: national
By admin: Dec. 8, 2021

1. US to diplomatic boycott Beijing winter olympics

Tags: International News

The US has announced a diplomatic boycott of the 2022 Winter Olympics in China, a move that has been heavily criticised by Beijing.

The White House said no official delegation would be sent to the Games because of concerns about China's human rights record especially its treatment of Uighur muslim in Xinjinag provinces.

However American sports persons will participate in the winter  olympic games.

Following the US announcement, New Zealand  and Australia also announced a diplomatic boycott of the games though their athletes be  participating in the games.

Winter Olympics Games 

The winter olympics games are organised every fours by the International Olympic Committee .

The games include sports which are played on snow and ice.

The Summer and Winter olympics were organised by the International Olympics Committee in the same year but in 1986 it was decided to hold the two games separately on separate four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years.

So after the 1992 winter games next was the Winter games held in 1994 while the Summer Olympics was held in 1996 after 1992.

The first Winter Olympic Games was held in  1924 at Chamonix, France.

24th Games will be held in Beijing, China 2022.

25th games will be held in Milan–Cortina d'Ampezzo , Italy.

By admin: Dec. 8, 2021

2. India adds Ghana and Tanzania in the list of “at-risk” countries

Tags: National News

India has  added Ghana and Tanzania to the list of “at risk” countries, passengers from where have to follow additional COVID-19 testing and quarantine measures. Countries in Europe, including the U.K., and South Africa, Brazil, Botswana, China, Ghana, Mauritius, New Zealand, Zimbabwe, Hong Kong, Singapore, Tanzania and Israel have been placed in the “at risk” category. 

Last week, the Government announced stricter protocols for passengers arriving from “at-risk” countries which require mandatory testing on arrival in India. Passengers have to wait for their test results, which can take up to six hours, before they exit the airport or take a connecting flight.

By admin: Dec. 7, 2021

3. Government has constituted Tribal Advisory Council in all states having Scheduled Areas

Tags: National News

Tribes Advisory Council (TAC) have been constituted in 10(Ten) states having Scheduled Areas there in namely Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Rajasthan. 

According to the provisions of Paragraph 4, under Article 244(1) of Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India, the Tribes Advisory Councils (TAC) shall be established in each State having Scheduled Areas therein and, if the President so directs, also in any State having Scheduled Tribes but not Scheduled Areas therein.

Tribes Advisory Council shall consist of not more than 20 members of whom, as nearly as may be, three-fourths shall be representatives of Scheduled Tribes in State Legislative Assembly provided that if number of representatives of STs in State Assembly is less than number of seats in TAC to be filled by such representatives, remaining seats shall be filled by other members of those tribes.

The main function  of the Tribes Advisory Council  is to advise on such matters pertaining to the welfare and advancement of the Scheduled Tribes in the State as may be referred to them by the Governor.

By admin: Dec. 7, 2021

4. Suu Kyi sentenced to four years in prison

Tags: International News

The military junta ruling Myanmar has sentenced the deposed leader Aung San Suu Kyi  for four years for incitement against the military and breaching COVID-19 rules,

Ms. Suu Kyi, 76, has been detained since the Generals staged a coup and ousted her Government on February 1, ending the Southeast Asian country’s brief period of democracy. 

U.N. human rights chief Michelle Bachelet on Monday denounced a four-year jail term handed down to Myanmar’s ousted leader Suu Kyi after a “sham trial” and called for her immediate release.

Western countries have demanded Ms. Suu Kyi’s release and condemned the violence since the coup in which some 1,300 people have been killed,

Myanmar was earlier called Burma.

Capital : Naypyidaw

Currency : Myanmar Kyat

President : Military leader  Min Aung Hlaing

Aung San Suu Kyi

She is the youngest daughter of the Burmese Father of the Nation  Aung Sang.

She studied in Delhi University and she rose to prominence for leading a democracy movement against the army rule in Myanmar.

Her Party National League for Democracy(NLD) won the 1990 election but she was jailed and put in house arrest for almost 15 years 

She became the face of the Pro democracy movement in the world 

She got the Nobel Peace Prize 1991.

Her Party won the 2015 General election and she became the State Counsellor(Prime Minister ). 

On 1 February 2021, Aung San Suu Kyi  was arrested  and deposed by the Myanmar military, along with other leaders of her National League for Democracy (NLD) party, after the Myanmar military declared the  November  2020 general election  results fraudulent.

By admin: Dec. 7, 2021

5. India Crosses Covid Vaccination Milestone

Tags: National News

  • Half of the eligible population(18 Years and above ) in the country is now fully vaccinated against COVID. 
  • In total, 85% of the eligible adult population has now received the first dose, while 50.35% are fully vaccinated.
  • The milestone was achieved in 11 months since the drive began on 16 January 2021.
  • Himachal Pradesh is the first state in India to achieve 100% vaccination  in India.
  • The first person to receive the Covid vaccine was Manish Kumar, an employee of AIIMS, Delhi.

By admin: Dec. 7, 2021

6. Maitri Diwas

Tags: National News

India and Bangladesh celebrate 6 December as  Maitri diwas to commemorate the recognition of the day when India recognised Bangladesh as an Independent country.

The war to liberate Bangladesh began on December 3, 1971 and ended with the signing of the Instrument of Surrender by Pakistani General A.A.K. Niazi on December 16. 

Three days after the beginning of the war on 6 December , the Government of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi recognised Bangladesh as an independent nation.

By admin: Dec. 7, 2021

7. Russian President Visit to India

Tags: National News

Russian President Vladimir Putin visited India for the 21st  India – Russia Annual summit with Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi.

This will be the first in-person meeting between Putin and Prime Minister Narendra Modi after their meeting on the sidelines of the BRICS summit in Brasilia in November 2019.

Since the outbreak of the COVID Pandemic this is the second time that the Russian President has left Russia. Once to meet the U.S president Joe Biden on 16 June 2021 in Geneva ,Switzerland and he came to Delhi to meet P.M modi . This reflects the importance Russia attaches to its ties with India .

After their meeting in New Delhi both the country issued a Joint Declaration titled “India-Russia: Partnership for Peace, Progress and Prosperity”

The two countries signed 28 agreements, including 9 government-to-government agreements and those that spanned areas of defence, space, finance, power, culture, scientific research, education and health among others.

At the 20th  India Russia Intergovernmental Commission on Military and Military-Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) meeting between the Indian defence minister Rajnath Singh and Russian Defence minister  Gen. Sergey Shoigu four agreements. Important agreement are as follows: 

  •  The  India Russia Intergovernmental Commission on Military and Military-Technical Cooperation (IRIGC-MTC) was extended by 10 years till 2031.
  • The deal for 6.1 lakh Ak-203 assault rifles is estimated at over ₹5,000 crore and will be manufactured by a joint venture, Indo-Russian Rifles Private Ltd (IRRPL) at Korwa, Amethi in Uttar Pradesh. IRRPL was set up jointly between the erstwhile OFB [now Advanced Weapons and Equipment India Ltd.] and Munitions India Ltd. of India and Rosoboronexport (RoE) and Kalashnikov of Russia.
  • The two sides also signed a pact on amending the agreement on cooperation in the field of manufacturing of the Kalashnikov series of small arms that was originally sealed in February 2019.

   Trade and Business deal

  • Both countries have set a target to boost their bilateral trade to $30 billion by 2025 . Last Year the bilateral trade was $ 9.1billion.
  • Russian oil company Rosneft said it signed a contract with Indian Oil to supply up to 2 million tonnes of oil to India by the end of 2022.
  • The countries also signed a memorandum of understanding for Russia to send an uninterrupted supply of coal to India to support its steel production, 

Russia will  continue to supply the S-400 missile systems under the  2018  agreement 

The next India -Russia annual meeting 2022  will be held in Russia .

First India-Russia 2+2 meeting 

India and Russia held first 2+2 meeting  during the visit of Russian President Putin Visit 

2+2 refers to the meeting of the Defence and Froeign affairs ministers of both the countries to deepen and strengthen strategic ties between two countries .

The Russian Defence minister  Gen. Sergey Shoigu held a meeting with his Indian counterpart, Defence minister Rajnath Singh  and the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov  held talks with Indian External Affairs Minister S.Jaishankar.

At present India has 2+2 meetings with Japan, Australia and the United States. 

By admin: Dec. 6, 2021

8. Mount Semeru erupted in Indonesia

Tags: International News

  • Mt Semeru (3676 m above sea level) is the biggest mountain on the island of Java.
  • Semeru is one of the most active volcanoes in Indonesia
  • The volcano is part of a chain of volcanic mountains stretching from northern Sumatra to the Lesser Sunda Islands. 
  • Volcanism in Indonesia is mainly associated with the offshore subduction of the Australian Plate beneath the Sunda Plate. 
  • The oldest record of an eruption of Mt Semeru was from 1818
  • Indonesia has more  active volcanoes than any other country in the world.. Indonesia is one of many places located within the world's most volcanically, and seismically, active zone, known as the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • The Only active volcano in India is found at Barren Island in the Andaman and Nicobar islands.

Volcano

A volcano is an opening in the earth’s crust through which gases, molten rocks materials (lava), ash, steam etc. are emitted outward in the course of an eruption. Such vents or openings occur in those parts of the earth’s crust where the rock strata are relatively weak. Volcanic activity is an example of an endogenic process. 

By admin: Dec. 6, 2021

9. Anemia in Children: leading to child growth failure

Tags: National News

According to the 5th report of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) of 2019-2021, a higher proportion of children aged 6 to 59 months have been found to be anaemic compared to NFHS-4 (2015-2016).

Highlights:

  • The share of anaemic children in NFHS-5 (2019-21) increased by 8.5% points compared to NFHS-4 (2015-16) and was closer to levels of NFHS-3 (2005-2006).
  • In 30 out of 36 states/UT’s one half the children in age group 6-59 months are found to be anaemic.
  • The high share of children were found anaemic in the several north and western states in rural and urban areas.
  • Assam, Mizoram and Chattisgarh recorded the highest increases.
  • Gujarat had the highest share of children (79.7%) who were anaemic.

State-wise percentage of children aged 6-59 months who were anaemic according to NFHS-5

Ladakh - 92.5%

Madhya Pradesh - 72.7%

Rajasthan - 71.5%

Uttar Pradesh - 66.4%

Gujarat - 79.7%

Bihar - 69.4%

Kerala - 39.4%

Tamil Nadu 57.4%

Anaemia

Anaemia results from a lack of red blood cells or dysfunctional red blood cells in the body. This leads to reduced oxygen flow to the body's organs.

Symptoms may include fatigue, skin pallor, shortness of breath, light-headedness, dizziness or a fast heartbeat.

National Family Health Survey

National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is a country-wide survey conducted by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, with the International Institute for Population Sciences serving as the nodal agency.

By admin: Dec. 6, 2021

10. 57th Raising Day of BSF held at Jaisalmer

Tags: National News

  • Union Home and Cooperation Minister Shri Amit Shah addressed the 57th Raising Day celebrations of the Border Security Force in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
  • On this occasion, the Union Home Minister said that for the first time after the establishment of the BSF in 1965, the Modi government has decided to celebrate the Foundation Day of the BSF in a border district.
  • It was decided to create the BSF after the 1965 war and today it is the largest border guarding force in the world.