75th Death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi

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On January 30, 2023, India is observing Martyr's Day to pay homage to all the freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the country. The day is also marked as the death anniversary of the country's 'Bapu', Mahatma Gandhi.

An overview of the news

  • Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi on the evening of January 30, 1948.

  • 30th January is observed as Martyr’s Day every year in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and his contributions to the nation.

  • Every year 23 March is also celebrated as Martyr's Day to pay homage to the three revolutionaries of India Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev.

About Mahatma Gandhi

  • Birth - 2nd October 1869 in Porbandar (Gujarat)

  • Brief Introduction - Lawyer, politician, social activist and writer who became the leader of the nationalist movement against the British rule of India.

  • In South Africa (1893–1915), he successfully fought racist rule with a new method of mass movement, which he called satyagraha.

  • He returned to India from South Africa on 9 January 1915.

  • The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi in India.

  • In 1918, he went to Ahmedabad to organise a Satyagraha movement among cotton mill workers.

  • In 1919, he decided to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act (1919).

  • The Jallianwala Bagh massacre took place on April 13, 1919. Seeing the spread of violence, he called off the movement (April 18, 1919).

  • The non-cooperation movement was adopted in the Congress session in Nagpur in December 1920.

His Social Work

  • He worked for the upliftment of the untouchables and gave them a new name 'Harijan' which means child of God.

  • His symbol of self-reliance, the spinning wheel, became a popular symbol of the Indian independence movement.

  • He was instrumental in preventing Hindu-Muslim riots as tensions escalated before and during the country's partition.

  • Hind Swaraj, My Experiments with Truth (Autobiography) are popular books written by him.

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