77th Indian Independence Day 2023
Tags: National News
India celebrated its 77th Independence Day on August 15, 2023, with the theme "Nation First, Always First".
An Overview of the News
The theme "Nation First, Always First" emphasizes national integration and development, reflecting the government's priorities.
This festival highlights the diverse culture and unity of India.
Programs on 77th Indian Independence Day:
Independence Day celebrates the independence and unity of India.
The Prime Minister hoists the flag at the Red Fort, which is followed by celebrations across the country.
A military parade at Rajpath showcases the might of the Indian Armed Forces.
Cultural programs showcase the rich heritage of India through music, dance, and drama.
Commemorative events include postage stamps, coins, and religious ceremonies.
Public celebrations include patriotic songs, dances, and the distribution of sweets.
History of Independence Day 2023:
Indian Independence Day has its roots in the rise of the independence movement in the 19th century.
Leaders like Gandhi, Nehru, and Bose led the movement against British rule.
India gained independence on August 15, 1947, when the Indian Independence Act of 1947 came into effect.
The first Independence Day was celebrated in 1947 with Nehru's iconic flag-hoisting speech.
The date marks the culmination of the long struggle for independence and is a national holiday to honor the sacrifices.
Major events leading to India's independence:
1857-1858: The Indian Mutiny (Sepoy Mutiny) against British rule highlights discontent and a desire for change.
1885: Formation of the Indian National Congress (INC) to advocate for Indian representation in the government.
1905: Protests against the partition of Bengal reflect opposition to British policies.
1919: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre sparked outrage and strengthened nationalist sentiment.
1920-1922: Non-cooperation movement led by Gandhiji encouraged the boycott of British institutions.
1930-1934: The Civil Disobedience Movement challenges the Salt Laws and promotes nonviolent resistance.
1930s: Constitutional reforms for India were discussed at the Round Table Conference in London.
1942: The Quit India Movement led by Gandhiji demanded the end of British rule.
1942-1945: Participation in World War II and the formation of the Indian National Army (INA) ignited Indian aspirations.
1947: India was partitioned due to the Mountbatten plan and independence was achieved on 15 August.
1947: Partition resulted in communal violence and displacement.
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